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Claude Bouchard – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
Functional characterization of a 5-HT3 receptor which modulates the release of 5-HT in the guinea-pig brain.British journal of pharmacology, 1993Co-Authors: Pierre Blier, Claude BouchardAbstract:
1. The aims of the present study were to confirm the modulation by 5-HT3 receptors of the electrically evoked release of tritium from slices preloaded with [3H]-5-HT of guinea-pig frontal cortex, hippocampus and hypothalamus, and to assess their functional role in 5-HT release. 2. The selective 5-HT3 agonist, 2-methyl-5-HT, introduced 8 min before the electrical stimstimulation, enhanced in a concentration-dependent manner the evoked release of [3H]-5-HT in the three brain regions studied. The 5-HT3 Agonists, phenylbiguanide and m-chlorophenyl-biguanide, did not enhance the release of tritium in frontal cortex and hypothalamus slices. 3. In hypothalamus slices, this response was lost when 2-methyl-5-HT was introduced 20 min before the stimulation, thus indicating that these 5-HT3 receptors desensitize rapidly. When 2-methyl-5-HT was added 20-min before the first stimulation period to desensitize the 5-HT3 receptors, removed for 24 min, and then re-introduced 8 min before the second stimulation period, the enhancing effect of 2-methyl-5-HT was restored, thus indicating that these 5-HT3 receptors can rapidly regain normal sensitivity. 4. The enhancing effect of 2-methyl-5-HT was attenuated by the 5-HT3 receptor antAgonists m-chloro-phenylpiperazine = quipazine = ondansetron > or = ICS 205-930 = BRL 24924 > MDL 72222 = zacopride. 5. The 5-HT reuptake blocker, paroxetine, enhanced the electrically evoked release of tritium when introduced 8 min before stimulation; this effect of paroxetine was blocked by ICS 205-930, thus indicating that these 5-HT3 receptors can be activated by endogenous 5-HT. 6. In the absence of electrical stimstimulation, 2-methyl-5-HT (10 microM) produced a marked enhancement of the basal release of [3H]-5-HT which was calcium-dependent and blocked by S-zacopride but not by paroxetine. 7. The enhancing effect of 2-methyl-5-HT was dependent both on the frequency of stimulation, as indicated by the attenuated effect of 120 stimulations delivered at 1 Hz instead of 5 Hz, and on the duration of the stimulation, as indicated by the more pronounced effect of pulses delivered at 5 Hz for 24 s instead of 72 s or 120 s.
Patrizio Blandina – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
Serotonergic Modulation of Acetylcholine Release from Cortex of Freely Moving RatsThe Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 1998Co-Authors: Maria Grazia Giovannini, Ilaria Ceccarelli, Beatrice Molinari, Marco Cecchi, Joseph Goldfarb, Patrizio BlandinaAbstract:
The modulation of acetylcholine (ACh) release by 5-HT3receptor activation was studied using in vivo microdialysis. Spontaneous and K+-stimulated ACh release were measured in frontoparietal cortex and hippocampus of freely moving rats. Two consecutive exposures to high K+ produced ACh release of similar magnitude. In the cortex, serotonin (5-HT) failed to alter spontaneous ACh release, but caused a concentration-dependent decrease of K+-evoked ACh release. Phenylbiguanide (PBG) and m-chlorophenylbiguanide, two selective 5-HT3 Agonists, mimicked the 5-HT responses, but 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin, a selective 5-HT1Aagonist, was without effect. However, PBG failed to modify K+-evoked ACh release from the hippocampus. Systemic and local administration of a highly selective 5-HT3antagonist, tropisetron ((3-α-tropanyl)1H-indole-carboxylic acid ester) blocked the effect of both 5-HT and PBG. The inhibition of ACh release by PBG was sensitive to tetrodotoxin. These observations provide direct evidence that, in rat cortex, 5-HT modulates in-vivo release of ACh through activation of 5-HT3 receptors.
Michel Hamon – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
Novel and highly potent 5-HT3 receptor Agonists based on a pyrroloquinoxaline structure.Journal of medicinal chemistry, 1997Co-Authors: Giuseppe Campiani, Michel Hamon, Andrea Cappelli, Vito Nacci, Maurizio Anzini, Salvatore Vomero, Alfredo Cagnotto, Claudia Fracasso, Chiara Uboldi, Silvio CacciaAbstract:
The synthesis and the biological evaluation of a series of novel pyrroloquinoxaline derivatives are described. In binding studies several compounds proved to be potent and selective 5-HT3 receptor ligands. The most active pyrroloquinoxalines, 11d and 11e, showed a subnanomolar affinity for 5-HT3 receptor and were able to functionally discriminate the central and peripheral 5-HT3 receptor, being Agonists and antAgonists, respectively. In functional studies ([14C]-guanidinium accumulation test in NG 108-15 cells, in vitro) most of the synthesized compounds showed clear-cut 5-HT3 agonist properties. In in vivo studies on the von Bezold-Jarisch reflex test (a peripheral interaction model) the behavior of the tested compounds ranged from agonist to antagonist, while clear agonist properties were obtained with 12a on cortical acetylcholine release in freely moving rats. Pharmacokinetic studies with 11e and 12c indicate that the compounds easily cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) after systemic administration with a brain/plasma ratio of 17.5 and 37.5, respectively. Thus compounds 11e and 12c represent the most potent central 5-HT3 Agonists identified to date that are able to cross the blood-brain barrier.
Central action of 5-HT3 receptor ligands in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness and raphe neuronal activity in the ratNeuropharmacology, 1992Co-Authors: Joëlle Adrien, Marie-héléne Tissier, Laurence Lanfumey, Samir Haj-dahmane, T. Jolas, Bernard Franc, Michel HamonAbstract:
Abstract Anxiolytic drugs, such as the benzodiazepines and the azapirones (ipsapirone, gepirone, buspirone), are well known to affect states of vigilance and to decrease the firing rate of serotoninergic neurones within the dorsal raphe nucleus in rats. In order to examine whether the newly developed 5-HT3 antAgonists with potential anxiolytic properties act through similar mechanisms, the effects of several of such antAgonists: MDL 72222, ICS 205-930, ondansetron and/or zacopride on both sleep-wakefulness and the discharge of serotoninergic neurones within the dorsal raphe nucleus were investigated in rats. When tested in a wide range of doses (0.05–10 mg/kg, i.p.), none of these drugs significantly affected the states of vigilance, except ondansetron, at 0. 1 mg/kg, which increased paradoxical sleep for the first 2 hr after administration and MDL 72222, at 10 mg/kg, which reduced both paradoxical and slow wave sleep and increased wakefulness for the same initial period after treatment. In vivo, in chloral hydrate anaesthetized rats, as well as in vitro, in slices of brain stem, none of the 5-HT3 antAgonists tested affected the firing rate of serotoninergic neurones. Similarly, no change in the electrical activity of serotoninergic neurones could be evoked in vitro by superfusion of the tissue with the 5-HT3 Agonists, phenylbiguanide (10μM) and 2-methyl-5-HT (l μM). At a larger concentration (10 μM), the latter compound reduced the neuronal discharge probably through the stimulation of somatodendritic 5-HT1A autoreceptors since this effect, as that of ipsapirone, could be prevented by 10μM l-propranolol. Comparison of these data with those obtained with benzodiazepines and 5-HT1A Agonists of the azapirone series, supports the concept that different mechanisms are responsible for the anxiolytic-like properties of 5-HT3 Agonists, compared to those of other anxiolytic drugs.