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C. Grimaldi – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Podzolization as a deferralitization process: dynamics and chemistry of ground and surface waters in an Acrisol : Podzol sequence of the upper Amazon Basin
    European Journal of Soil Science, 2008
    Co-Authors: N.r Do Nascimento, Guilherme Taitson Bueno, Emmanuel Fritsch, C. Grimaldi, M. Bardy, A.j Melfi
    Abstract:

    Hydrochemical processes involved in the development of hydromorphic Podzols are a major concern for the upper Amazon Basin because of the extent of the areas affected by such processes and the large amounts of organic carbon and associated metals exported to the rivers. The dynamics and chemical composition of ground and surface waters were studied along an Acrisol-Podzol sequence lying in an open depression of a plateau. Water levels were monitored along the sequence over a period of 2 years by means of piezometers. Water was sampled in zero-tension lysimeters for groundwater and for surface water in the drainage network of the depression. The pH and concentrations of organic carbon and major elements (Si, Fe and Al) were determined. The contrasted changes reported for concentrations of Si, organic carbon and metals (Fe, Al) mainly reflect the dynamics of the groundwater and the weathering conditions that prevail in the soils. Iron is released by the reductive dissolution of Fe oxides, mostly in the Bg horizons of the upslope Acrisols. It moves laterally under the control of hydraulic gradients and migrates through the iron-depleted Podzols where it is exported to the river network. Aluminium is released from the dissolution of Al-bearing minerals (gibbsite and kaolinite) at the margin of the podzolic area but is immobilized as organo-Al complexes in spodic horizons. In downslope positions, the quick recharge of the groundwater and large release of organic compounds lead to acidification and a loss of metals (mainly Al), previously stored in the Podzols.

  • Podzolization as a deferralitization process: dynamics and chemistry of ground and surface waters in an Acrisol – Podzol sequence of the upper Amazon Basin
    European Journal of Soil Science, 2008
    Co-Authors: N.r Do Nascimento, E. Fritsch, G.t. Bueno, M. Bardy, A.j Melfi, C. Grimaldi
    Abstract:

    Hydrochemical processes involved in the development of hydromorphic Podzols are a major concern for the upper Amazon Basin because of the extent of the areas affected by such processes and the large amounts of organic carbon and associated metals exported to the rivers. The dynamics and chemical composition of ground and surface waters were studied along an Acrisol-Podzol sequence lying in an open depression of a plateau. Water levels were monitored along the sequence over a period of 2 years by means of piezometers. Water was sampled in zero-tension lysimeters for groundwater and for surface water in the drainage network of the depression. The pH and concentrations of organic carbon and major elements (Si, Fe and Al) were determined. The contrasted changes reported for concentrations of Si, organic carbon and metals (Fe, Al) mainly reflect the dynamics of the groundwater and the weathering conditions that prevail in the soils. Iron is released by the reductive dissolution of Fe oxides, mostly in the Bg horizons of the upslope Acrisols. It moves laterally under the control of hydraulic gradients and migrates through the iron-depleted Podzols where it is exported to the river network. Aluminium is released from the dissolution of Al-bearing minerals (gibbsite and kaolinite) at the margin of the podzolic area but is immobilized as organo-Al complexes in spodic horizons. In downslope positions, the quick recharge of the groundwater and large release of organic compounds lead to acidification and a loss of metals (mainly Al), previously stored in the Podzols.

  • Weathering versus atmospheric contributions to mercury concentrations in French Guiana soils
    Applied Geochemistry, 2006
    Co-Authors: S. Guedron, C. Grimaldi, Catherine Chauvel, Lorenzo Spadini, M. Grimaldi
    Abstract:

    This work focuses on two possible sources of Hg in tropical soils, (i) lithogenic Hg from in situ weathering of soil parental material, and (ii) exogenic Hg from natural long-term atmospheric inputs and anthropogenic input from past and present industrial activities. The concentration of lithogenic Hg [Hg]lithogenic was based on comparison of measured Hg concentration with those of elements resistant to weathering such as Nb, U, Zn, Fe. Exogenic Hg was quantified by subtracting [Hg]lithogenic from total Hg concentrations. This calculation was applied to 4 French Guiana soil profiles, 3 profiles on the same toposequence (ferralsol, Acrisol, hydromorphic soil) and one Acrisol close to a Au mine, where elemental Hg is used. In all profiles, [Hg]lithogenic varied slightly and was always below 40 lg kg 1, whereas [Hg]exogenic varied considerably and reached 500 lg kg 1. The highest [Hg]exogenic was calculated for the upper horizon of the Acrisol close to Au mining activity, but also in the ferralsol. Concentrations of Hg were insignificant in the compact alterite in Acrisols. It was concluded that pedogenesis processes that affect the natural Hg supply, combined with anthropogenic sources, explain the Hg concentrations in these tropical soils.

A.j Melfi – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Podzolization as a deferralitization process: dynamics and chemistry of ground and surface waters in an Acrisol : Podzol sequence of the upper Amazon Basin
    European Journal of Soil Science, 2008
    Co-Authors: N.r Do Nascimento, Guilherme Taitson Bueno, Emmanuel Fritsch, C. Grimaldi, M. Bardy, A.j Melfi
    Abstract:

    Hydrochemical processes involved in the development of hydromorphic Podzols are a major concern for the upper Amazon Basin because of the extent of the areas affected by such processes and the large amounts of organic carbon and associated metals exported to the rivers. The dynamics and chemical composition of ground and surface waters were studied along an Acrisol-Podzol sequence lying in an open depression of a plateau. Water levels were monitored along the sequence over a period of 2 years by means of piezometers. Water was sampled in zero-tension lysimeters for groundwater and for surface water in the drainage network of the depression. The pH and concentrations of organic carbon and major elements (Si, Fe and Al) were determined. The contrasted changes reported for concentrations of Si, organic carbon and metals (Fe, Al) mainly reflect the dynamics of the groundwater and the weathering conditions that prevail in the soils. Iron is released by the reductive dissolution of Fe oxides, mostly in the Bg horizons of the upslope Acrisols. It moves laterally under the control of hydraulic gradients and migrates through the iron-depleted Podzols where it is exported to the river network. Aluminium is released from the dissolution of Al-bearing minerals (gibbsite and kaolinite) at the margin of the podzolic area but is immobilized as organo-Al complexes in spodic horizons. In downslope positions, the quick recharge of the groundwater and large release of organic compounds lead to acidification and a loss of metals (mainly Al), previously stored in the Podzols.

  • Podzolization as a deferralitization process: dynamics and chemistry of ground and surface waters in an Acrisol – Podzol sequence of the upper Amazon Basin
    European Journal of Soil Science, 2008
    Co-Authors: N.r Do Nascimento, E. Fritsch, G.t. Bueno, M. Bardy, A.j Melfi, C. Grimaldi
    Abstract:

    Hydrochemical processes involved in the development of hydromorphic Podzols are a major concern for the upper Amazon Basin because of the extent of the areas affected by such processes and the large amounts of organic carbon and associated metals exported to the rivers. The dynamics and chemical composition of ground and surface waters were studied along an Acrisol-Podzol sequence lying in an open depression of a plateau. Water levels were monitored along the sequence over a period of 2 years by means of piezometers. Water was sampled in zero-tension lysimeters for groundwater and for surface water in the drainage network of the depression. The pH and concentrations of organic carbon and major elements (Si, Fe and Al) were determined. The contrasted changes reported for concentrations of Si, organic carbon and metals (Fe, Al) mainly reflect the dynamics of the groundwater and the weathering conditions that prevail in the soils. Iron is released by the reductive dissolution of Fe oxides, mostly in the Bg horizons of the upslope Acrisols. It moves laterally under the control of hydraulic gradients and migrates through the iron-depleted Podzols where it is exported to the river network. Aluminium is released from the dissolution of Al-bearing minerals (gibbsite and kaolinite) at the margin of the podzolic area but is immobilized as organo-Al complexes in spodic horizons. In downslope positions, the quick recharge of the groundwater and large release of organic compounds lead to acidification and a loss of metals (mainly Al), previously stored in the Podzols.

Emmanuel Fritsch – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Kaolinite dating from Acrisol and Ferralsol: A new key to understanding the landscape evolution in NW Amazonia (Brazil)
    Geoderma, 2020
    Co-Authors: Maximilien Mathian, Guilherme Taitson Bueno, Etienne Balan, Emmanuel Fritsch, Nádia Regina Do Nascimento, Madeleine Selo, Thierry Allard
    Abstract:

    Ferralsols and Acrisols are major types of soils of the Amazon basin observed on various landform units comprising plateau surfaces, incised hills at their edges and slopes. The present study focuses on an Acrisol developed on plateaus surfaces from northwest Amazonia and a Ferralsol from the convex hills of the incised plateau edges. Local geomorphologic models of weathering covers suggest that Ferralsols are younger than plateau Acrisols but the absolute chronology of their formation is still lacking. This type of information is however critical to understand the evolution of northwest Amazon Basin landscapes and to identify its link with major climatic and geomorphologic events. In this article, kaolinite-rich samples from soils and saprolites belonging to a transect in the São Gabriel da Cachoeira region (Amazon state, Brasil) are investigated. Based on their crystal-chemical characters, several types of kaolinites are identified. Using a previously developed methodology based on electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, crystallization ages are proposed for these different kaolinites. Saprolite kaolinites are dated from 6 to 3.6 Ma in the Acrisol profile and display significantly more recent ages (< 1 Ma) in the Ferralsol saprolite. Kaolinite from solum (soils horizons above the C horizon) display ages ranging from 2.5 to 1 Ma for both the Acrisol and Ferralsol. Three distinct weathering stages are thus unraveled by kaolinite dating. The Acrisol saprolite displays the older weathering stage preserved in the investigated soil sequence. It is followed by a single weathering stage leading to the formation of both soils. These two stages can be correlated to the formation of two paleosurfaces recognized at the scale of the South America subcontinent as the Miocene Vehlas and the Quaternary Paraguaçu surfaces, indicating that the Curicuriari profiles evolved during periods favorable to tropical weathering surfaces development in Amazonia. The last weathering stage corresponds to the saprolite formation in the Ferralsol profile, which is still developing under the present Amazonian climate. This still active, late weathering stage

  • Kaolinite dating from Acrisol and Ferralsol: A new key to understanding the landscape evolution in NW Amazonia (Brazil)
    Geoderma, 2020
    Co-Authors: Maximilien Mathian, Guilherme Taitson Bueno, Etienne Balan, Emmanuel Fritsch, Madeleine Selo, Nádia Regina Do Nascimento, Thierry Allard
    Abstract:

    Abstract Ferralsols and Acrisols are major types of soils of the Amazon basin observed on various landform units comprising plateau surfaces, incised hills at their edges and slopes. The present study focuses on an Acrisol developed on plateaus surfaces from northwest Amazonia and a Ferralsol from the convex hills of the incised plateau edges. Local geomorphologic models of weathering covers suggest that Ferralsols are younger than plateau Acrisols but the absolute chronology of their formation is still lacking. This type of information is however critical to understand the evolution of northwest Amazon Basin landscapes and to identify its link with major climatic and geomorphologic events. In this article, kaolinite-rich samples from soils and saprolites belonging to a transect in the Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira region (Amazon state, Brasil) are investigated. Based on their crystal-chemical characters, several types of kaolinites are identified. Using a previously developed methodology based on electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, crystallization ages are proposed for these different kaolinites. Saprolite kaolinites are dated from 6 to 3.6 Ma in the Acrisol profile and display significantly more recent ages (

  • Podzolization as a deferralitization process: dynamics and chemistry of ground and surface waters in an Acrisol : Podzol sequence of the upper Amazon Basin
    European Journal of Soil Science, 2008
    Co-Authors: N.r Do Nascimento, Guilherme Taitson Bueno, Emmanuel Fritsch, C. Grimaldi, M. Bardy, A.j Melfi
    Abstract:

    Hydrochemical processes involved in the development of hydromorphic Podzols are a major concern for the upper Amazon Basin because of the extent of the areas affected by such processes and the large amounts of organic carbon and associated metals exported to the rivers. The dynamics and chemical composition of ground and surface waters were studied along an Acrisol-Podzol sequence lying in an open depression of a plateau. Water levels were monitored along the sequence over a period of 2 years by means of piezometers. Water was sampled in zero-tension lysimeters for groundwater and for surface water in the drainage network of the depression. The pH and concentrations of organic carbon and major elements (Si, Fe and Al) were determined. The contrasted changes reported for concentrations of Si, organic carbon and metals (Fe, Al) mainly reflect the dynamics of the groundwater and the weathering conditions that prevail in the soils. Iron is released by the reductive dissolution of Fe oxides, mostly in the Bg horizons of the upslope Acrisols. It moves laterally under the control of hydraulic gradients and migrates through the iron-depleted Podzols where it is exported to the river network. Aluminium is released from the dissolution of Al-bearing minerals (gibbsite and kaolinite) at the margin of the podzolic area but is immobilized as organo-Al complexes in spodic horizons. In downslope positions, the quick recharge of the groundwater and large release of organic compounds lead to acidification and a loss of metals (mainly Al), previously stored in the Podzols.