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Acrocentric Chromosome

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Shuo Zhang – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • analysis of segregation patterns of quadrivalent structures and the effect on genome stability during meiosis in reciprocal translocation carriers
    Human Reproduction, 2018
    Co-Authors: Shuo Zhang, Junping Wu, Jing Zhou, Jialong Wu, Jing Fu, Daru Lu, Yueping Zhang

    Abstract:

    STUDY QUESTION: Do specific factors affect the segregation patterns of a quadrivalent structure and can the quadrivalent affect genome stability during meiosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Meiotic segregation patterns can be affected by the carrier’s gender and age, location of breakpoints and Chromosome type, and the quadrivalent structure can increase genome instability during meiosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Carriers of reciprocal translocations have an increased genetic reproductive risk owing to the complex segregation patterns of a quadrivalent structure. However, the results of previous studies on the factors that affect segregation patterns seem to be contradictory, and the effect of a quadrivalent on genome stability during meiosis is unknown. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: We designed a retrospective study to analyze the segregation patterns of 24 Chromosomes from reciprocal translocation and non-translocation patients. Data for 356 reciprocal translocation carriers and 53 patients with the risk to transmit monogenic inherited disorders (RTMIDs) undergoing PGD-single nucleotide polymorphism array analysis were collected. The study was performed between March 2014 and July 2017. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Segregation patterns of a quadrivalent in 1842 blastocysts from 466 assisted reproduction cycles of reciprocal translocation carriers were analyzed according to the location of Chromosome breakpoints, the carrier’s gender and age, and Chromosome type. In addition, to analyze the effect of quadrivalent structure on genome stability, segregation products of Chromosomes which are not involved in the translocation from translocation carriers were compared with those of 23 pairs of Chromosomes in 318 blastocysts from 72 assisted reproduction cycles of patients with RTMIDs. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: The percentage of adjacent-2 products with severe asymmetric quadrivalent was significantly higher than those with mild asymmetric quadrivalent (P = 0.020) while, in contrast, the incidence of 4:0/others was lower (P = 0.030). The frequencies of adjacent-1, adjacent-2 and 3:1 products differed between male and female carriers (P < 0.001, P = 0.015 and P = 0.001, respectively), and also for adjacent-1 and 4:0/others products in young versus older carriers (P = 0.04 and P = 0.002, respectively). In addition, adjacent-1 products of a quadrivalent with an Acrocentric Chromosome were significantly higher than those of a quadrivalent without an Acrocentric Chromosome (P = 0.001). Moreover, a quadrivalent could significantly increase the frequencies of abnormal Chromosomes compared to patients with RTMIDs (P = 0.048, odds ratio (OR) = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.01-2.43), especially for the male carriers (P = 0.018, OR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.08-2.25). In contrast, for older carriers, no difference was found in both aneuploidy and segmental anomalies compared to patients with RTMIDs. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The study contained appropriate controls, yet the analysis was limited by a small number of control patients and embryos. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Until now, there had been no definite report about the effect of quadrivalents on genome stability in reciprocal translocation carriers compared with control samples, and in the present study the large sample size ensured a detailed analysis of factors with a possible impact on segregation patterns. These data provide a better insight into the meiotic mechanisms involved in non-disjunction events in gametes from reciprocal translocation carriers. In addition, our results will help to provide each reciprocal translocation carrier couple undergoing PGD with more appropriate genetic counseling and a better understanding of the large numbers of abnormal embryos with Chromosome aneuploidy. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): The research was supported by the Research Funding of Shanghai Ji Ai Genetics & IVF Institute and the authors declare a lack of competing interests in this study.

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Y Rumpler – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • xy quadrivalent association and sterility in a man carrier of a reciprocal autosomal translocation involving the whole arm of an Acrocentric Chromosome t 2 15 q21 3 cen
    Andrologia, 2009
    Co-Authors: W Yu, O Gabrielrobez, M F Croquette, Jeanmarc Rigot, Y Rumpler

    Abstract:

    Summary Meiotic and synaptonemal complex studies using electron microscopy were carried out on an infertile man with a 46,XY t(2q;15p). Synaptonemal complex analysis showed terminal asynapsis in the totality of quadrivalents and a high and significant frequency of association with the XY vesicle (80%), possibly related to the high amount of satellite DNA of the Acrocentric Chromosome 15. In this translocation carrier, the XY quadrivalent association at pachytene stage is positively correlated with the degree of spermatogenic breakdown after pachytene stage. Whether association with the non-paired segment represents the causative factor or only a secondary effect has still to be clarified.

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  • analysis of synaptonemal complexes in a heterozygous human male carrier of a reciprocal translocation involving an Acrocentric Chromosome heterosynapsis without previous homosynapsis
    Human Genetics, 1991
    Co-Authors: A De Perdigo, O Gabrielrobez, Y Rumpler

    Abstract:

    Silver-stained synaptonemal complexes in surface-spread pachytene nuclei from an oligospermic man, heterozygous for a reciprocal translocation involving an Acrocentric Chromosome, were analyzed by electron microscopy. Contrary to the classically expected configuration, nonhomologous pairing was observed with asymetrical association of the lateral elements of the nonhomologous arms of the quadrivalents. A possible role of heterosynapsis in germ cell conservation is discussed.

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Yueping Zhang – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • analysis of segregation patterns of quadrivalent structures and the effect on genome stability during meiosis in reciprocal translocation carriers
    Human Reproduction, 2018
    Co-Authors: Shuo Zhang, Junping Wu, Jing Zhou, Jialong Wu, Jing Fu, Daru Lu, Yueping Zhang

    Abstract:

    STUDY QUESTION: Do specific factors affect the segregation patterns of a quadrivalent structure and can the quadrivalent affect genome stability during meiosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Meiotic segregation patterns can be affected by the carrier’s gender and age, location of breakpoints and Chromosome type, and the quadrivalent structure can increase genome instability during meiosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Carriers of reciprocal translocations have an increased genetic reproductive risk owing to the complex segregation patterns of a quadrivalent structure. However, the results of previous studies on the factors that affect segregation patterns seem to be contradictory, and the effect of a quadrivalent on genome stability during meiosis is unknown. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: We designed a retrospective study to analyze the segregation patterns of 24 Chromosomes from reciprocal translocation and non-translocation patients. Data for 356 reciprocal translocation carriers and 53 patients with the risk to transmit monogenic inherited disorders (RTMIDs) undergoing PGD-single nucleotide polymorphism array analysis were collected. The study was performed between March 2014 and July 2017. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Segregation patterns of a quadrivalent in 1842 blastocysts from 466 assisted reproduction cycles of reciprocal translocation carriers were analyzed according to the location of Chromosome breakpoints, the carrier’s gender and age, and Chromosome type. In addition, to analyze the effect of quadrivalent structure on genome stability, segregation products of Chromosomes which are not involved in the translocation from translocation carriers were compared with those of 23 pairs of Chromosomes in 318 blastocysts from 72 assisted reproduction cycles of patients with RTMIDs. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: The percentage of adjacent-2 products with severe asymmetric quadrivalent was significantly higher than those with mild asymmetric quadrivalent (P = 0.020) while, in contrast, the incidence of 4:0/others was lower (P = 0.030). The frequencies of adjacent-1, adjacent-2 and 3:1 products differed between male and female carriers (P < 0.001, P = 0.015 and P = 0.001, respectively), and also for adjacent-1 and 4:0/others products in young versus older carriers (P = 0.04 and P = 0.002, respectively). In addition, adjacent-1 products of a quadrivalent with an Acrocentric Chromosome were significantly higher than those of a quadrivalent without an Acrocentric Chromosome (P = 0.001). Moreover, a quadrivalent could significantly increase the frequencies of abnormal Chromosomes compared to patients with RTMIDs (P = 0.048, odds ratio (OR) = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.01-2.43), especially for the male carriers (P = 0.018, OR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.08-2.25). In contrast, for older carriers, no difference was found in both aneuploidy and segmental anomalies compared to patients with RTMIDs. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The study contained appropriate controls, yet the analysis was limited by a small number of control patients and embryos. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Until now, there had been no definite report about the effect of quadrivalents on genome stability in reciprocal translocation carriers compared with control samples, and in the present study the large sample size ensured a detailed analysis of factors with a possible impact on segregation patterns. These data provide a better insight into the meiotic mechanisms involved in non-disjunction events in gametes from reciprocal translocation carriers. In addition, our results will help to provide each reciprocal translocation carrier couple undergoing PGD with more appropriate genetic counseling and a better understanding of the large numbers of abnormal embryos with Chromosome aneuploidy. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): The research was supported by the Research Funding of Shanghai Ji Ai Genetics & IVF Institute and the authors declare a lack of competing interests in this study.

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