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Administrative Structure

The Experts below are selected from a list of 294 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform

Björn Kauder – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Administrative Structure and Inner-Metropolitan Tax Competition
    , 2020
    Co-Authors: Björn Kauder

    Abstract:

    This paper considers the impacts of differently formed borders of municipalities on local business tax policy. First a model is presented that shows the dependence of the level of taxation on the Administrative Structure. Afterwards, data from Germany are employed to discover the effects of the number and size of municipalities within agglomerations. The results show that the Administrative Structure matters for the level of local business taxation. On the one hand, the core cities tax rate in a monocentric region is the lower, the more municipalities are situated within a certain distance from the city. This effect is the more important, the smaller the region that is considered. On the other hand, the tax of the core city is the higher, the larger its share in the agglomeration. Thereby, the result has more power for larger regions. The empirical results coincide with the results from standard tax competition theory.

  • Spatial Administrative Structure andIntra-Metropolitan Tax Competition
    , 2020
    Co-Authors: Björn Kauder

    Abstract:

    I investigate whether the spatial Administrative Structure of agglomerations is associatedwith local business tax rates in core cities of agglomerations. Using data for Germanmunicipalities, I define agglomerations based on distances and based on cumulativepopulation densities. The results show that the population share of the core in itsagglomeration is positively associated and the number of surrounding municipalities isnegatively associated with the tax rate of the core. When municipalities consolidate, thecore has the opportunity to increase the tax rate.

  • spatial Administrative Structure and intra metropolitan tax competition
    Journal of Regional Science, 2015
    Co-Authors: Björn Kauder

    Abstract:

    I investigate whether the spatial Administrative Structure of agglomerations is associated with local business tax rates in core cities of agglomerations. Using data for German municipalities, I define agglomerations based on distances and based on cumulative population densities. The results show that the population share of the core in its agglomeration is positively associated and the number of surrounding municipalities is negatively associated with the tax rate of the core. When municipalities consolidate, the core has the opportunity to increase the tax rate.

Liuqingqing Yang – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Environmental effect of flattening Administrative Structure on local water quality: a county-level analysis of China’s County-Power-Expansion reform
    Journal of Cleaner Production, 2020
    Co-Authors: Deyong Song, Qi Zhang, Liuqingqing Yang

    Abstract:

    Abstract This paper examines the environmental effect of flattening Administrative Structure on local water quality. By taking the County-Power-Expansion reform as a quasi-natural experiment for delayering, we employ the Generalized Difference-in-Differences (GDD) model and a unique county-level dataset from 2004 to 2010 to examine the impact of this reform on county water pollution. The results show that, after this reform, the water pollution indicators of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), NH3-N, and Permanganate in pilot counties decrease by 21.9%, 21.8%, and 14.3%, respectively, while dissolved oxygen (DO) as a reverse pollution index increases by 5.74%. Through the identification of intermediary mechanisms, this paper finds that the Structure upgrading effect, the fiscal improvement effect, and demand anti-driving effect are the main factors. In conclusion, delayering can significantly improve local environmental performance. It provides a new direction for the local government to implement a comprehensive flattening structural reform and win the battle against severe environmental pollution.

  • environmental effect of flattening Administrative Structure on local water quality a county level analysis of china s county power expansion reform
    Journal of Cleaner Production, 2020
    Co-Authors: Deyong Song, Qi Zhang, Liuqingqing Yang

    Abstract:

    Abstract This paper examines the environmental effect of flattening Administrative Structure on local water quality. By taking the County-Power-Expansion reform as a quasi-natural experiment for delayering, we employ the Generalized Difference-in-Differences (GDD) model and a unique county-level dataset from 2004 to 2010 to examine the impact of this reform on county water pollution. The results show that, after this reform, the water pollution indicators of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), NH3-N, and Permanganate in pilot counties decrease by 21.9%, 21.8%, and 14.3%, respectively, while dissolved oxygen (DO) as a reverse pollution index increases by 5.74%. Through the identification of intermediary mechanisms, this paper finds that the Structure upgrading effect, the fiscal improvement effect, and demand anti-driving effect are the main factors. In conclusion, delayering can significantly improve local environmental performance. It provides a new direction for the local government to implement a comprehensive flattening structural reform and win the battle against severe environmental pollution.

Deyong Song – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Environmental effect of flattening Administrative Structure on local water quality: a county-level analysis of China’s County-Power-Expansion reform
    Journal of Cleaner Production, 2020
    Co-Authors: Deyong Song, Qi Zhang, Liuqingqing Yang

    Abstract:

    Abstract This paper examines the environmental effect of flattening Administrative Structure on local water quality. By taking the County-Power-Expansion reform as a quasi-natural experiment for delayering, we employ the Generalized Difference-in-Differences (GDD) model and a unique county-level dataset from 2004 to 2010 to examine the impact of this reform on county water pollution. The results show that, after this reform, the water pollution indicators of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), NH3-N, and Permanganate in pilot counties decrease by 21.9%, 21.8%, and 14.3%, respectively, while dissolved oxygen (DO) as a reverse pollution index increases by 5.74%. Through the identification of intermediary mechanisms, this paper finds that the Structure upgrading effect, the fiscal improvement effect, and demand anti-driving effect are the main factors. In conclusion, delayering can significantly improve local environmental performance. It provides a new direction for the local government to implement a comprehensive flattening structural reform and win the battle against severe environmental pollution.

  • environmental effect of flattening Administrative Structure on local water quality a county level analysis of china s county power expansion reform
    Journal of Cleaner Production, 2020
    Co-Authors: Deyong Song, Qi Zhang, Liuqingqing Yang

    Abstract:

    Abstract This paper examines the environmental effect of flattening Administrative Structure on local water quality. By taking the County-Power-Expansion reform as a quasi-natural experiment for delayering, we employ the Generalized Difference-in-Differences (GDD) model and a unique county-level dataset from 2004 to 2010 to examine the impact of this reform on county water pollution. The results show that, after this reform, the water pollution indicators of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), NH3-N, and Permanganate in pilot counties decrease by 21.9%, 21.8%, and 14.3%, respectively, while dissolved oxygen (DO) as a reverse pollution index increases by 5.74%. Through the identification of intermediary mechanisms, this paper finds that the Structure upgrading effect, the fiscal improvement effect, and demand anti-driving effect are the main factors. In conclusion, delayering can significantly improve local environmental performance. It provides a new direction for the local government to implement a comprehensive flattening structural reform and win the battle against severe environmental pollution.