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Affective Well-Being

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Emily Weinstein – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • The social media see-saw: Positive and negative influences on adolescents’ Affective Well-Being:
    New Media & Society, 2018
    Co-Authors: Emily Weinstein

    Social media use is nearly universal among US-based teens. How do daily interactions with social apps influence adolescents’ Affective Well-Being? Survey self-reports (n = 568) portray social media use as predominantly positive. Exploratory principal compcomponent analysis further indicates that positive and negative emotions form orthogonal response components. In-depth interviews with a sub-sample of youth (n = 26), selected for maximum variation, reveal that affect experiences can be organized across four functional dimensions. Relational interactions contribute to both closeness and disconnection; self-expression facilitates affirmation alongside concern about others’ judgments; interest-driven exploration confers inspiration and distress; and browsing leads to entertainment and boredom, as well as admiration and envy. All interviewees describe positive and negative affect experiences across multiple dimensions. Analyses suggest the relationship between social technology usage and Well-Being—whether enhan…

Thomas Kubiak – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Examining five pathways on how self-control is associated with emotion regulation and Affective Well-Being in daily life.
    Journal of personality, 2020
    Co-Authors: Mario Wenzel, Zarah Rowland, Thomas Kubiak

    OBJECTIVE Self-control is positively connected to Well-Being, but less is known about what, on the mechanistic level, explains this association. We hypothesized five pathways how this connection could be explained by emotion regulation, that is, by facilitating (a) strategy effectiveness, (b), adaptive strastrategy selection, (c) situation selection, (d) strategy variability, or (e) social sharing. METHOD To explore these pathways, we integrated two ambulatory assessment data sets (N = 250 participants, N = 22,796 observations) that included assessments of participants’ emotions and their emotion regulation efforts. RESULTS We found that self-control was positively associated with Affective Well-Being. Moreover, momentary but not trait self-control was associated with favoring adaptive and interpersonal strategy selection and less emotion regulation in general as well as with increased variability across strategies. However, these emotion regulation facets could not sufficiently explain the association between self-control and Affective Well-Being. CONCLUSION Our main conclusion is that emotion regulation is not a mediator of the strong relation between self-control and Affective Well-Being. Instead, we found evidence for the Affective benefits of employing ways of emotion regulation that are less taxing mentally, which we discuss in light of current knowledge about self-control and emotion regulation.

Ronald P Vega – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • the impact of telework on emotional experience when and for whom does telework improve daily Affective well being
    European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 2015
    Co-Authors: Amanda J Anderson, Seth Kaplan, Ronald P Vega

    Teleworking has become increasingly popular in organizations around the world. Despite this trend towards working outside of the traditional office setting, research has not yet examined how people feel (i.e., their Affective experiences) on days when working at home versus in the office. Using a sample of 102 employees from a large US government agency, we employed a within-person design to test hypotheses about the relationship between teleworking and Affective Well-Being. We also examined four individual differences (openness to experience, rumination, sensation seeking, and social connectedness outside of work) as cross-level moderators. Results show that employees experience more job-related positive Affective Well-Being (PAWB) and less job-related negative Affective Well-Being (NAWB) on days when they were teleworking compared to days they were working in the office. Findings show that several of the individual differences moderated the relationships. Discussion focuses on the need to consider the a…

Joshua M. Grubka – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Spirituality, life stress, and Affective Well-Being.
    Journal of Psychology and Theology, 2007
    Co-Authors: David V. Powers, Robert J. Cramer, Joshua M. Grubka

    Recent research has explored many aspects of Affective Well-Being, including depressive symptoms, positive and negative affect. The present study sought to contribute to this line of inquiry by investigating the role of life stress, spiritual life integration (SLI), and social justice commitment (SJC) in predicting Affective Well-Being. Participants were 136 undergraduate students with a mean age of 18.82 (SD = 1.07), and age range of 17-22. Participants completed a questionnaire packet including the Undergraduate Stress Questionnaire (USQ), Beck DeprDepression Inventory (BDI), Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), and Spiritual Involvement Scale which includes SLI and SJC subscales. In line with previous findings, life stress significantly predicted negative affect and depressive symptoms in hierarchical regression analyses. Contrary to previous research, SLI did not predict any aspect of Affective Well-Being. Finally, SJC significantly predicted positive affect, negative affect, and depressive symptoms. Interpretations, implications, limitations, and future research are discussed. ********** Researchers have examined life stress and negative life events, and their subsequent contribution to negative outcomes in regard to depression and Affective Well-Being (e.g. Friis, Wittchen, Pfister, & Lieb, 2002; Leong & Vaux, 1991; Maciejewski, Prigerson, & Mazure, 2000; Thomas & Vindya, 2000). Overall, findings have consistently shown increased levels of negative life events to be related to elevated levels of depressive symptoms and negative affect (Kuiper & Martin, 1998; Tesser & Beach, 1998). In the present discussion, we a) survey literature pertaining to stress, spirituality, and Affective Well-Being, b) review of coping model proposed by Park (2005) in which spirituality can be examined, and c) present data examining stress and differing types of spirituality as potential influences on Affective outcomes. The enduring relation of life stress and depressive symptoms has been supported by multiple longitudinal investigations. For instance, Southall and Roberts (2002) conducted a 14 week prospective study investigating the role of attributional style, self-esteem, and life stress on depressive symptoms, and reported that a three-way interaction significantly predicted changes in depressive symptoms. Perhaps more compelling is the evidence found by Mundt and colleagues in a clinical sample (Mundt, Reck, Backenstrass, Kronmuller, & Fiedler, 1998). In comparison to a control sample, clinically depressed patients experienced more stressful life events prior to index hospitalization. Additionally, aggregate totals of negative life events were the best predictors of BDI scores over a 2-year period. Mundt and colleagues also found that patients enduring relapses within three months suffered more negative life events than those patients who did not relapse. Research has demonstrated the influence of life stress on Affective state as well. Tesser and Beach (1998) explored the role of negative life events on negative affect. Results were in accord with the notion that higher levels of negative life events were related to increased negative affect. Fewer studies, however, have examined the relationship between life stress and positive mood. One study by Zautra (1983) linked positive and negative affect with availability of resources, a common potential life stressor, especially in urban environments. Outcomes indicated that positive measures of resources were associated with elevated positive affect, and lack of availability of resources was related to increased negative affect. Although the link between life stress and Well-Being has been supported by research findings, the role of spirituality has received relatively less attention. One prominent example of research in the realm of stress and Affective Well-Being by Hammen (1991) outlined the concept of a stress generation hypothesis in which personal predispositions (e. …

  • Spirituality, life stress, and Affective Well-Being.
    Journal of Psychology and Theology, 2007
    Co-Authors: David V. Powers, Robert J. Cramer, Joshua M. Grubka

    Recent research has explored many aspects of Affective Well-Being, including depressive symptoms, positive and negative affect. The present study sought to contribute to this line of inquiry by inv…

Oliver Schilling – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Affective Well-Being in the last years of life: The role of health decline.
    Psychology and aging, 2018
    Co-Authors: Oliver Schilling, Dorly J. H. Deeg, Martijn Huisman

    Adding to recent evidence of terminal decline in Affective Well-Being, this study examined the role of physical health in accounting for time-to-death-related changes in positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA). We distinguished effects of preterminal health levels predicting levels (“preserved differentiation”) and terminal changes (“differential preservation”) and of terminal health declines predicting terminal changes (“terminal reactivity”) of Affective Well-Being in the terminal period of life. Data were used from the first cohort of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam, including 3-yearly measurements from 1992-1993 to 2011-2012 (N = 2310, age = 55-85 at baseline). Measures of PA and NA were derived from the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Health measures included self-rated health, self-reported functional limitations, and gait speed. Exponential time-to-death-related trajectories in PA and NA were analyzed with mixed regression models. Results confirmed accelerated time-to-death-related decline of PA and increase of NA. Regarding health effects, the findings support terminal reactivity, in that the amount of end-of-life changes in Affective Well-Being was closely linked to the concurrent terminal changes in health. Preterminal health levels did not predict the amount of terminal changes in Affective Well-Being; however, reaching the final years of life with better levels of functional health appeared to promote longer maintenance of better levels of Affective Well-Being and terminal declines more “compressed” to a shorter period prior to death. The findings point to needs to strengthen individuals’ resources to compensate for health losses at the end of their life span. (PsycINFO Database Record

  • Developmental regulation with progressive vision loss: Use of control strategies and Affective Well-Being.
    Developmental psychology, 2016
    Co-Authors: Oliver Schilling, Hans-werner Wahl, Kathrin Boerner, Amy Horowitz, Joann P. Reinhardt, Verena R. Cimarolli, Mark Brennan-ing, Jutta Heckhausen

    The present study addresses older adults’ developmental regulation when faced with progressive and irreversible vision loss. We used the motivational theory of life span development as a conceptual framework and examined changes in older adults’ striving for control over everyday goal achievement, and their association with Affective Well-Being, in a sample of 364 older adults diagnosed with age-related macumacular degeneration. Using longitudinal data from 5 occasions at 6-month intervals, we examined intraindividual change in control strategies, and how it was related to change in Affective Well-Being, in terms of self-rated happiness and depressive symptoms. Mixed model analyses confirmed our hypotheses that (a) intraindividual change, particularly in selective primary control and in compensatory secondary control (CSC), predict change toward higher happiness ratings and lower depression; and (b) as functional abilities (instrumental activities of daily living) declined, CSC became increasingly predictive of better Affective Well-Being. Overall, the findings suggest that CSC strategies are essential for maintaining Affective Well-Being when physical functioning declines. Intensified selective primary control striving may be effective to achieve goals that have become difficult to reach but are not associated with Affective Well-Being, possibly because struggling with difficulties undermines the experience of enjoyable mastery. In contrast, goal adjustments and self-protective thinking may help to find pleasure even from restricted daily activities.

  • Modeling late-life adaptation in Affective Well-Being under a severe chronic health condition: The case of age-related macular degeneration.
    Psychology and aging, 2006
    Co-Authors: Oliver Schilling, Hans-werner Wahl

    Age-related macumacular degeneration (AMD) was used as a case model to longitudinally study adaptation in Affective Well-Being under a prevalent chronic health condition. Measures of positive and negative affect, obtained at 5 subsequent measurement occasions with 3-month intervals in between, were analyzed in 90 older adults diagnosed with AMD. The authors proposed a pattern of adaptation that shows initial decline in Affective Well-Being after disease outbreak, followed by a turnaround into a restorative phase of increase, implying nonlinear intraindividual trajectories, with changes substantially related to disease duration. Analysis was conducted by means of a nonlinear mixed models approach. Results confirmed the hypothesized adaptation pattern for positive affect but not for negative affect, which was found more stable across measurement occasions.