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Carolina Mejia-mantilla – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • With a Little Help: Shocks, Agricultural Income, and Welfare in Uganda – With a little help : shocks, Agricultural Income, and welfare in Uganda
    , 2017
    Co-Authors: Ruth Vargas Hill, Carolina Mejia-mantilla
    Abstract:

    Global poverty is becoming increasingly concentrated in Sub-Saharan Africa and among households engaged in subsistence agriculture in environments characterized by uncertainty. Understanding how to achieve sustainable increases in household Incomes in this context is key to ending extreme poverty. Uganda offers important lessons in this regard. Uganda experienced conflict, drought, and price volatility in the decade from 2003 to 2013, while at the same time experiencing the second fastest percentage point reduction in extreme poverty per year in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study analyzes a nationally representative panel of 2,356 households visited four times between 2006 to 2012, in combination with data on conflict events, weather, and prices. The study describes the type of Income growth households experienced and assesses the importance of these external events in determining progress. The study finds substantial growth in Agricultural Incomes, particularly among poorer households. Many of the gains in Agricultural Income growth came about because of good weather, peace, and prices, and not technological change or profound changes in Agricultural production. Therefore, although overall progress during this period was good, there were years in which average Income growth was negative. This was particularly the case in the poorer and more vulnerable Northern and Eastern regions, and thus their overall Income growth was also slower.

  • With a little help: shocks, Agricultural Income, and welfare in Uganda
    , 2017
    Co-Authors: Ruth Vargas Hill, Carolina Mejia-mantilla
    Abstract:

    Global poverty is becoming increasingly concentrated in Sub-Saharan Africa and among households engaged in subsistence agriculture in environments characterized by uncertainty. Understanding how to achieve sustainable increases in household Incomes in this context is key to ending extreme poverty. Uganda offers important lessons in this regard. Uganda experienced conflict, drought, and price volatility in the decade from 2003 to 2013, while at the same time experiencing the second fastest percentage point reduction in extreme poverty per year in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study analyzes a nationally representative panel of 2,356 households visited four times between 2006 to 2012, in combination with data on conflict events, weather, and prices. The study describes the type of Income growth households experienced and assesses the importance of these external events in determining progress. The study finds substantial growth in Agricultural Incomes, particularly among poorer households. Many of the gains in Agricultural Income growth came about because of good weather, peace, and prices, and not technological change or profound changes in Agricultural production. Therefore, although overall progress during this period was good, there were years in which average Income growth was negative. This was particularly the case in the poorer and more vulnerable Northern and Eastern regions, and thus their overall Income growth was also slower.

Sui Fan – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Study on the Effects of Occupational Training on the Non-Agricultural Income of Rural Labor Force
    Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 2011
    Co-Authors: Sui Fan
    Abstract:

    368 peasant households in 44 villages from 20 towns in 6 counties in Shaanxi Province during 2009-2010 were investigated.The method of sample application of heterogeneous polynomial model and the Probit model were adopted to study the effects of training on the non-Agricultural Income of rural migrating labor force in Shanxi Province.The results show that rural labor force training has a negative effect on their non-Agricultural Income;that is,the trainees are not those actually in need of training,and the significant benefits that training is expected to bring cannot be revealed from the data.Our suggestions for policies are that the government′s training program should put priority on identification of rural labor′s demand for training,enabling those without being trained yet are in need of it to be trained,so as to promote the effective transfer of rural labor force.

Gulden Boluk – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • EU Enlargement to Turkey: Potential Effects on Turkey’s Agricultural Income and Markets
    Eurasian Economic Review, 2012
    Co-Authors: Thomas Fellmann, Myrna Leeuwen, Petra Salamon, Gulden Boluk
    Abstract:

    Turkey is officially recognized as a candidate country for EU membership and formal accession negotiations started in October 2005. Given the importance of Turkey’s Agricultural sector, a Turkish accession to the EU could be expected to impact the Agricultural markets in both the EU and Turkey. This paper provides an in-depth model-based quantitative assessment of the potential impacts of a Turkish EU-membership for Agricultural Income and commodity markets, focusing in particular on the effects in Turkey. Results show that the main impacts on Turkish agriculture would be a reduction in subsidies, producer prices, and quantities produced. A decrease in Agricultural Income, especially for Turkish crop producers (except for tobacco farmers), is also projected. In contrast, producers of sheep meat, broilers and dairy milk would benefit from EU accession due to lower feed costs. Moreover, the demand levels of most commodities are projected to increase due to lower prices, thus Turkish consumers are expected to gain from an accession to the EU.

  • EU Enlargement to Turkey: Potential Effects on Turkey’s Agricultural Income and Markets
    Eurasian Economic Review, 2012
    Co-Authors: Thomas Fellmann, Myrna Leeuwen, Petra Salamon, Ali Koc, Gulden Boluk
    Abstract:

    Turkey is officially recognized as a candidate country for EU membership and formal accession negotiations started in October 2005. Given the importance of Turkey’s Agricultural sector, a Turkish accession to the EU could be expected to impact the Agricultural markets in both the EU and Turkey. This paper provides an in-depth model-based quantitative assessment of the potential impacts of a Turkish EU-membership for Agricultural Income and commodity markets, focusing in particular on the effects in Turkey. Results show that the main impacts on Turkish agriculture would be a reduction in subsidies, producer prices, and quantities produced. A decrease in Agricultural Income, especially for Turkish crop producers (except for tobacco farmers), is also projected. In contrast, producers of sheep meat, broilers and dairy milk would benefit from EU accession due to lower feed costs. Moreover, the demand levels of most commodities are projected to increase due to lower prices, thus Turkish consumers are expected to gain from an accession to the EU.

Luca Tasciotti – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • crop diversification dietary diversity and Agricultural Income empirical evidence from eight developing countries
    Canadian Journal of Development Studies, 2014
    Co-Authors: Lorenzo Pellegrini, Luca Tasciotti
    Abstract:

    This study sheds light on the dilemma between food crop specialisation and diversification. We use data from household surveys to estimate the effects of crop diversification on nutrition (dietary diversity) and on Income (crops sold) of rural households from eight developing and transition economies. We find that the vast majority of households grow crops despite the modest contribution of agriculture to Income. Most Agricultural land is devoted to staple food production; high-value commodities such as fruits and vegetables are also produced, but in limited quantities. Both descriptive statistics and regression results show a positive correlation between the number of crops cultivated, household Income from crops and the two indicators we use for dietary diversity, also after controlling for household characteristics.

Geert Woltjer – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Agricultural Incomes Development in EU till 2030: Scenario Analysis of Main Driving Factors
    , 2008
    Co-Authors: Andrzej Tabeau, Hans Van Meijl, Martin Banse, Geert Woltjer
    Abstract:

    Europe’s rural areas are expected to witness rapid changes due to developments in demography, (Agricultural) policies, global trade, climate change, technology and enlargement of the European Union. These changes will affect farmers’ production and Income level and make the final outcome of this process uncertain. This paper tries to assess this uncertainty by analyzing the results of 34 scenarios of the EURURALIS project. The scenario outcomes were used to investigate Agricultural Income development and to analyze the impact of different combinations of macroeconomic and policy factors on Agricultural Income. The results of these scenarios were achieved in a modeling framework consisting of a modified version of the Global Trade Analysis Project model (GTAP) and the more ecological-environmental oriented Integrated Model to Assess the Global Environment (IMAGE).

  • Agricultural Incomes development in the EU till 2030; Scenario analysis of main driving factors
    , 2008
    Co-Authors: Andrzej Tabeau, Hans Van Meijl, Martin Banse, Geert Woltjer
    Abstract:

    Europe’s rural areas are expected to witness rapid changes due to developments in demography, (Agricultural) policies, global trade, climate change, technology and enlargement of the European Union. These changes will affect farmers’ production and Income level and make the final outcome of this process uncertain. This paper tries to assess this uncertainty by analyzing the results of 34 scenarios of the EURURALIS project. The scenario outcomes were used to investigate Agricultural Income development and to analyze the impact of different combinations of macroeconomic and policy factors on Agricultural Income. The results of these scenarios were achieved in a modeling framework consisting of a modified version of the Global Trade Analysis Project model (GTAP) and the more ecological-environmental oriented Integrated Model to Assess the Global Environment (IMAGE).