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Agronomy

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Davide Rizzo – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Temporospatial analysis of agricultural systems at regional watershed level : 30 years of data to characterize the Meuse and Moselle watersheds, France
    , 2014
    Co-Authors: Davide Rizzo, Guillaume Godfroy, Marc Benoit
    Abstract:

    Agriculture is challenged by large scale issues, such as the impacts of wide land system changes on environmental resources, urging Agronomy to evolve. Landscape Agronomy emerged as a new perspective to address these issues through spatially-explicit modeling of the interactions between farming practices and natural resources at the landscape level (Benoit, Rizzo et al. 2012). In this study we aimed at characterizing agricultural systems focusing major crop sequences and the related fertilization practices to so as to map the potential pressure on water quality.

  • Landscape Agronomy: a new field for addressing agricultural landscape dynamics
    Landscape Ecology, 2012
    Co-Authors: Marc Benoit, Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Mariassunta Galli, Claudine Thenail, Elisa Marraccini, Davide Rizzo, Anna Camilla Moonen, Enrico Bonari
    Abstract:

    Landscape dynamics increasingly challenge agronomists to explain how and why agricultural landscapes are designed and managed by farmers. Nevertheless, Agronomy is rarely included in the wide range of disciplines involved in landscape research. In this paper, we describe how landscape Agronomy can help explain the relationship between farming systems and agricultural landscape dynamics. For this, we propose a conceptual model of agricultural landscape dynamics that illustrates the specific contribution of Agronomy to landscape research. This model describes the relationship between three elements: farming practices, landscape patterns and natural resources. It can stimulate agronomists to deal with research issues in agricultural landscape dynamics and enhance the interdisciplinary integration of farming systems in wider landscape research. On these premises, we discuss the main research issues that will benefit from an active involvement of Agronomy, to understand, but also to assess landscape dynamics and to design relevant decision support systems.

  • How can landscape management be enhanced by farming systems? A landscape Agronomy perspective
    , 2012
    Co-Authors: Davide Rizzo, Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Claudine Thenail, Elisa Marraccini, Marta Debolini, Marc Benoit
    Abstract:

    Agronomists are faced to the multiple stakeholders’ landscape design as a rising issue in the management of farming systems. Furthermore, the European Landscape Convention (ELC) has formally acknowledged the expectations of local stakeholders and decision-makers for a greater support to protect, manage and plan the landscapes. A renewed perspective of Agronomy on landscape research has recently tried to tackle this challenge. This perspective, called “landscape Agronomy” (LA), strives to widen again the agronomic spatial focus beyond the field or the farm to the landscape. For that, LA has proposed a conceptual model of agricultural landscapes to relate farming practices and natural resources with the continuous reshaping of land use patterns operated by farmers. Interpreting the ELC landscape definition accordingly, we consider that the character of agricultural landscapes results uppermost from farming practices. On this underpinning assumption we have further developed the LA conceptual model to characterize some land management units of rural spaces. Our aim is to articulate landscape management with farming systems. In this paper, after a short presentation of the LA conceptual model, we analyze the agricultural landscape features as example of elementary management unit. Finally, we discuss how the landscape management by farming systems can help to structure the interaction of Agronomy with other disciplines, such as geography and landscape ecology.

Mariassunta Galli – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Landscape Agronomy: a new field for addressing agricultural landscape dynamics
    Landscape Ecology, 2012
    Co-Authors: Marc Benoit, Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Mariassunta Galli, Claudine Thenail, Elisa Marraccini, Davide Rizzo, Anna Camilla Moonen, Enrico Bonari
    Abstract:

    Landscape dynamics increasingly challenge agronomists to explain how and why agricultural landscapes are designed and managed by farmers. Nevertheless, Agronomy is rarely included in the wide range of disciplines involved in landscape research. In this paper, we describe how landscape Agronomy can help explain the relationship between farming systems and agricultural landscape dynamics. For this, we propose a conceptual model of agricultural landscape dynamics that illustrates the specific contribution of Agronomy to landscape research. This model describes the relationship between three elements: farming practices, landscape patterns and natural resources. It can stimulate agronomists to deal with research issues in agricultural landscape dynamics and enhance the interdisciplinary integration of farming systems in wider landscape research. On these premises, we discuss the main research issues that will benefit from an active involvement of Agronomy, to understand, but also to assess landscape dynamics and to design relevant decision support systems.

  • The Territory Agronomy Approach in research, education and training
    Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century: The New Dynamic, 2012
    Co-Authors: Sylvie Lardon, Mariassunta Galli, Elisa Marraccini, Anna Camilla Moonen, Marta Debolini, Salma Loudiyi
    Abstract:

    Landscape and territory Agronomy analyses the two-way relationship between farming practices and land patterns. It takes into account both agro-environmental and socio-economic processes. A conceptual framework is presented to facilitate understanding of the complex interactions between the disciplines that contribute to this new field of research. We discuss the organisational issues that arise at various spatial and temporal scales during the development of territory-based case studies and research projects. The territory Agronomy approach is a participatory action science. Building on our experiences, we propose a conceptual research-education-action platform for land management and territorial development. It demonstrates that the Territory Agronomy Approach is an iterative process where researchers, teachers, trainers and stakeholders develop new questions and methods through participation. These characteristics make the territory Agronomy approach adapted to promote the territorial dimension in research, education and training activities on farming systems.

  • Farming systems and territorial issues: new approaches in research and education
    , 2012
    Co-Authors: Sylvie Lardon, Mariassunta Galli, Anna Camilla Moonen, Marta Debolini, Salma Loudiyi
    Abstract:

    Landscape and territory Agronomy analyses the two-way relationship between farming practices and land patterns. It takes into account both agroenvironmental and socio-economic processes. A conceptual framework is presented to facilitate understanding of the complex interactions between the disciplines that contribute to this new field of research. We discuss the organisational issues that arise at various spatial and temporal scales during the development of territory-based case studies and research projects. The territory Agronomy approach is a participatory action science. Building on our experiences, we propose conceptual research-education-action platform for land management and territorial development. It demonstrates that the Territory Agronomy Approach is an iterative process where researchers, teachers, trainers and stakeholders develop new questions and methods through participation. These characteristics make the territory Agronomy approach adapted to promote the territorial dimension in research, education and training activities on farming systems.

Elisa Marraccini – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Farming systems designing landscapes: land management units at the interface between Agronomy and geography
    Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 2013
    Co-Authors: D. Rizzo, Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Elisa Marraccini, Marta Debolini, M. Benoît, Claudine Thenail
    Abstract:

    Agriculture faces big challenges, such as feeding a growing population and providing an increasing amount of biomass for energy production. Land is, however, a limited resource and intensification of agricultural practices is deprecated because of the negative impacts on natural resources. Effective answers should therefore be fostered by the development of smarter spatial configurations of agricultural activities. The improvement of farming systems therefore requires Agronomy to interact with geography and other disciplines that deal with spatially-explicit aspects of agricultural land management. Different research approaches have supported Agronomy in the development of a landscape approach and in this paper we focus on the interactions with geography fostering the enhancement of a common language about the way farming practices are observed and understood by the two disciplines. For this purpose, we compare land management units, identified in recent agronomic literature, with the aim to facilitate future synergies of landscape-oriented research about farming system design. We conclude by arguing for the enhancement of the interface between Agronomy and geography and discussing some perspectives on the use of the various land management units in the design of future farming systems with a landscape approach.

  • Landscape Agronomy: a new field for addressing agricultural landscape dynamics
    Landscape Ecology, 2012
    Co-Authors: Marc Benoit, Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Mariassunta Galli, Claudine Thenail, Elisa Marraccini, Davide Rizzo, Anna Camilla Moonen, Enrico Bonari
    Abstract:

    Landscape dynamics increasingly challenge agronomists to explain how and why agricultural landscapes are designed and managed by farmers. Nevertheless, Agronomy is rarely included in the wide range of disciplines involved in landscape research. In this paper, we describe how landscape Agronomy can help explain the relationship between farming systems and agricultural landscape dynamics. For this, we propose a conceptual model of agricultural landscape dynamics that illustrates the specific contribution of Agronomy to landscape research. This model describes the relationship between three elements: farming practices, landscape patterns and natural resources. It can stimulate agronomists to deal with research issues in agricultural landscape dynamics and enhance the interdisciplinary integration of farming systems in wider landscape research. On these premises, we discuss the main research issues that will benefit from an active involvement of Agronomy, to understand, but also to assess landscape dynamics and to design relevant decision support systems.

  • How can landscape management be enhanced by farming systems? A landscape Agronomy perspective
    , 2012
    Co-Authors: Davide Rizzo, Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Claudine Thenail, Elisa Marraccini, Marta Debolini, Marc Benoit
    Abstract:

    Agronomists are faced to the multiple stakeholders’ landscape design as a rising issue in the management of farming systems. Furthermore, the European Landscape Convention (ELC) has formally acknowledged the expectations of local stakeholders and decision-makers for a greater support to protect, manage and plan the landscapes. A renewed perspective of Agronomy on landscape research has recently tried to tackle this challenge. This perspective, called “landscape Agronomy” (LA), strives to widen again the agronomic spatial focus beyond the field or the farm to the landscape. For that, LA has proposed a conceptual model of agricultural landscapes to relate farming practices and natural resources with the continuous reshaping of land use patterns operated by farmers. Interpreting the ELC landscape definition accordingly, we consider that the character of agricultural landscapes results uppermost from farming practices. On this underpinning assumption we have further developed the LA conceptual model to characterize some land management units of rural spaces. Our aim is to articulate landscape management with farming systems. In this paper, after a short presentation of the LA conceptual model, we analyze the agricultural landscape features as example of elementary management unit. Finally, we discuss how the landscape management by farming systems can help to structure the interaction of Agronomy with other disciplines, such as geography and landscape ecology.

Helene Rapey – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Farming systems designing landscapes: land management units at the interface between Agronomy and geography
    Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 2013
    Co-Authors: D. Rizzo, Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Elisa Marraccini, Marta Debolini, M. Benoît, Claudine Thenail
    Abstract:

    Agriculture faces big challenges, such as feeding a growing population and providing an increasing amount of biomass for energy production. Land is, however, a limited resource and intensification of agricultural practices is deprecated because of the negative impacts on natural resources. Effective answers should therefore be fostered by the development of smarter spatial configurations of agricultural activities. The improvement of farming systems therefore requires Agronomy to interact with geography and other disciplines that deal with spatially-explicit aspects of agricultural land management. Different research approaches have supported Agronomy in the development of a landscape approach and in this paper we focus on the interactions with geography fostering the enhancement of a common language about the way farming practices are observed and understood by the two disciplines. For this purpose, we compare land management units, identified in recent agronomic literature, with the aim to facilitate future synergies of landscape-oriented research about farming system design. We conclude by arguing for the enhancement of the interface between Agronomy and geography and discussing some perspectives on the use of the various land management units in the design of future farming systems with a landscape approach.

  • Landscape Agronomy: a new field for addressing agricultural landscape dynamics
    Landscape Ecology, 2012
    Co-Authors: Marc Benoit, Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Mariassunta Galli, Claudine Thenail, Elisa Marraccini, Davide Rizzo, Anna Camilla Moonen, Enrico Bonari
    Abstract:

    Landscape dynamics increasingly challenge agronomists to explain how and why agricultural landscapes are designed and managed by farmers. Nevertheless, Agronomy is rarely included in the wide range of disciplines involved in landscape research. In this paper, we describe how landscape Agronomy can help explain the relationship between farming systems and agricultural landscape dynamics. For this, we propose a conceptual model of agricultural landscape dynamics that illustrates the specific contribution of Agronomy to landscape research. This model describes the relationship between three elements: farming practices, landscape patterns and natural resources. It can stimulate agronomists to deal with research issues in agricultural landscape dynamics and enhance the interdisciplinary integration of farming systems in wider landscape research. On these premises, we discuss the main research issues that will benefit from an active involvement of Agronomy, to understand, but also to assess landscape dynamics and to design relevant decision support systems.

  • How can landscape management be enhanced by farming systems? A landscape Agronomy perspective
    , 2012
    Co-Authors: Davide Rizzo, Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Claudine Thenail, Elisa Marraccini, Marta Debolini, Marc Benoit
    Abstract:

    Agronomists are faced to the multiple stakeholders’ landscape design as a rising issue in the management of farming systems. Furthermore, the European Landscape Convention (ELC) has formally acknowledged the expectations of local stakeholders and decision-makers for a greater support to protect, manage and plan the landscapes. A renewed perspective of Agronomy on landscape research has recently tried to tackle this challenge. This perspective, called “landscape Agronomy” (LA), strives to widen again the agronomic spatial focus beyond the field or the farm to the landscape. For that, LA has proposed a conceptual model of agricultural landscapes to relate farming practices and natural resources with the continuous reshaping of land use patterns operated by farmers. Interpreting the ELC landscape definition accordingly, we consider that the character of agricultural landscapes results uppermost from farming practices. On this underpinning assumption we have further developed the LA conceptual model to characterize some land management units of rural spaces. Our aim is to articulate landscape management with farming systems. In this paper, after a short presentation of the LA conceptual model, we analyze the agricultural landscape features as example of elementary management unit. Finally, we discuss how the landscape management by farming systems can help to structure the interaction of Agronomy with other disciplines, such as geography and landscape ecology.

Enrico Bonari – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Landscape Agronomy: a new field for addressing agricultural landscape dynamics
    Landscape Ecology, 2012
    Co-Authors: Marc Benoit, Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Mariassunta Galli, Claudine Thenail, Elisa Marraccini, Davide Rizzo, Anna Camilla Moonen, Enrico Bonari
    Abstract:

    Landscape dynamics increasingly challenge agronomists to explain how and why agricultural landscapes are designed and managed by farmers. Nevertheless, Agronomy is rarely included in the wide range of disciplines involved in landscape research. In this paper, we describe how landscape Agronomy can help explain the relationship between farming systems and agricultural landscape dynamics. For this, we propose a conceptual model of agricultural landscape dynamics that illustrates the specific contribution of Agronomy to landscape research. This model describes the relationship between three elements: farming practices, landscape patterns and natural resources. It can stimulate agronomists to deal with research issues in agricultural landscape dynamics and enhance the interdisciplinary integration of farming systems in wider landscape research. On these premises, we discuss the main research issues that will benefit from an active involvement of Agronomy, to understand, but also to assess landscape dynamics and to design relevant decision support systems.

  • Experiences from a winter school on landscape Agronomy: stakes, difficulties, perspectives
    Empowerment of the rural actors: a renewal of farming systems perspectives: 8th European IFSA Symposium, Clermont-Ferrand, France, 6-10 July 2008, 2008
    Co-Authors: Helene Rapey, Sylvie Lardon, Mariassunta Galli, Camilla Moonen, Marc Benoit, Claudine Thenail, Paolo Bàrberi, Patrick Caron, Elisa Marraccini, Davide Rizzo, Enrico Bonari
    Abstract:

    In the latest fifteen years, agronomic research has shown a growing interest for studies which link farm or field scale to landscape scale. Thus, Agronomy is called to renew its research questions and methodologies, and as well its educational programmes. In this context, some French and Italian researchers interested in these topics, coming from different scientific fields but sharing interests on landscape scale issues in research and higher education, decided to join their efforts around a common one-week educational programme on Landscape Agronomy for undergraduate and PhD students. Their aim has been to develop a new form of knowledge transfer and application on Landscape Agronomy approaches to students of SSSA-Pisa (IT) and of the PhD School of ABIES-AgroParisTech-Paris (FR). The educational programme consisted of three phases: (1) some theoretical contributions supported by presentations on: issues regarding agriculture and farming practices at landscape level, main approaches on environmental functions of agriculture, changes in farmers practices driven by environmental questions, spatial organization of agricultural activities, role of farming in ecological dynamics, identification of complementarities among agro-environmental functions, environmental impacts of cropping systems, biodiversity influence on agro-ecosystem functions and vice-versa; (2) two case-studies: a “macro level” one (at landscape scale) to analyse the role of agriculture on landscape dynamics, and a “micro level” one (at farm scale) to analyse farming practices and their environmental impacts; (3) a final evaluation of the educational programme based on: contents of oral presentations on fieldwork results, global evaluation of the educational programme contents by all the participants, each individual ex-post analysis of fieldwork results. The evaluation of the students and teachers underlines benefits, requests and perspectives for education in landscape Agronomy. Furthermore, this experience stimulated a collective conceptual and methodological debate that confirmed the necessity to favour and organise experience exchanges on researching and learning in landscape Agronomy.