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Airway Pressure

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Ignacio E. Tapia – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Positive Airway Pressure for the treatment of the childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
    Pediatric pulmonology, 2021
    Co-Authors: Melissa S. Xanthopoulos, Ariel A. Williamson, Ignacio E. Tapia
    Abstract:

    In this review, we have summarized the benefits of treatment with positive Airway Pressure for the childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and presented a socio-ecological framework to enhance our understanding of positive Airway Pressure adherence predictors and important targets of comprehensive positive Airway Pressure treatment models across different pediatric populations. Although positive Airway Pressure is clearly a beneficial treatment for pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, additional research is needed to evaluate how socio-ecological factors may interact to predict positive Airway Pressure adherence, with more attention to the impact of the broader healthcare setting and on treatment approaches and outcomes in special pediatric populations.

Lisa J. Meltzer – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Effects of Positive Airway Pressure Therapy on Neurobehavioral Outcomes in Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
    American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 2012
    Co-Authors: Carole L. Marcus, Jerilynn Radcliffe, Sofia Konstantinopoulou, Suzanne E. Beck, Mary Anne Cornaglia, Joel Traylor, Natalie Difeo, Laurie Karamessinis, Paul R. Gallagher, Lisa J. Meltzer
    Abstract:

    Rationale: Positive Airway Pressure therapy is frequently used to treat obstructive sleep apnea in children. However, it is not known whether positive Airway Pressure therapy results in improvements in the neurobehavioral abnormalities associated with childhood sleep apnea.Objectives: We hypothesized that positive Airway Pressure therapy would be associated with improvements in attention, sleepiness, behavior, and quality of life, and that changes would be associated with therapy adherence.Methods: Neurobehavioral assessments were performed at baseline and after 3 months of positive Airway Pressure therapy in a heterogeneous group of 52 children and adolescents.Measurements and Main Results: Adherence varied widely (mean use, 170 ± 145 [SD] minutes per night). Positive Airway Pressure therapy was associated with significant improvements in attention deficits (P < 0.001); sleepiness on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (P < 0.001); behavior (P < 0.001); and caregiver- (P = 0.005) and child- (P < 0.001) reported...

Nicholas S Hill – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

Melissa S. Xanthopoulos – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Positive Airway Pressure for the treatment of the childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
    Pediatric pulmonology, 2021
    Co-Authors: Melissa S. Xanthopoulos, Ariel A. Williamson, Ignacio E. Tapia
    Abstract:

    In this review, we have summarized the benefits of treatment with positive Airway Pressure for the childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and presented a socio-ecological framework to enhance our understanding of positive Airway Pressure adherence predictors and important targets of comprehensive positive Airway Pressure treatment models across different pediatric populations. Although positive Airway Pressure is clearly a beneficial treatment for pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, additional research is needed to evaluate how socio-ecological factors may interact to predict positive Airway Pressure adherence, with more attention to the impact of the broader healthcare setting and on treatment approaches and outcomes in special pediatric populations.

Amir Sharafkhaneh – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Positive Airway Pressure therapy of OSA.
    Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 2005
    Co-Authors: Max Hirshkowitz, Amir Sharafkhaneh
    Abstract:

    Positive Airway Pressure is standard therapy for patients with obstructive sleep apnea. It comes in three basic varieties: (1) continuous positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), (2) bilevel positive Airway Pressure (BPAP), and (3) autotitrating positive Airway Pressure (APAP). When properly titrated, positive Airway Pressure devices minimize the number of sleep-related breathing disorder events, often producing dramatic results. Sleep-related breathing may completely normalize, specific stages of sleep may selectively rebound due to having been chronically suppressed, sleep microstructure may improve, and the patient may awaken feeling refreshed for the first time in years. The specific indications and criteria for recommending APAP, BPAP, and CPAP therapy are reviewed. The titration process is presented in a step-by-step manner and titration grading is explained. Issues surrounding the interface, acceptance, utilization, and side-effects are discussed. Finally, we present an assortment of approaches for troubleshooting clinical problems commonly encountered among patients being treated with positive Airway Pressure therapy.