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Akt Signaling

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Akt Signaling – Free Register to Access Experts & Abstracts

Guanghui Yi – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • apoa i sr bi modulates s1p s1pr2 mediated inflammation through the pi3k Akt Signaling pathway in huvecs
    Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2017
    Co-Authors: Yanju Lu, Zhongcheng Mo, Zhenli Tang, Yue Jiang, Xiaoshan Peng, Li Li, Qinghai Zhang, Guanghui Yi
    Abstract:

    Endothelial dysfunction plays a vital role during the initial stage of atherosclerosis. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induces vascular endothelial injury and vessel wall inflammation. Sphingosine-1-phosphosphate (S1P) exerts numerous vasoprotective effects by binding to diverse S1P receptors (S1PRs; S1PR1-5). A number of studies have shown that in endothelial cells (ECs), S1PR2 acts as a pro-atherosclerotic mediator by stimulating vessel wall inflammation through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt Signaling pathway. Scavenger receptor class B member I (SR-BI), a high-affinity receptor for apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)/high-density lipolipoprotein (HDL), inhibits nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) translocation and decreases the plasma levels of inflammatory mediators via the PI3K/Akt pathway. We hypothesized that the inflammatory effects of S1P/S1PR2 on ECs may be regulated by apoA-I/SR-BI. The results showed that ox-LDL, a pro-inflammatory factor, augmented the S1PR2 level in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In addition, S1P/S1PR2 Signaling influenced the levels of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrnecrosistor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-10, aggravating inflammation in HUVECs. Moreover, the pro-inflammatory effects induced by S1P/S1PR2 were attenuated by SR-BI overexpression and enhanced by an SR-BI inhibitor, BLT-1. Further experiments showed that the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway was involved in this process. Taken together, these results demonstrate that apoA-I/SR-BI negatively regulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation in HUVECs by activating the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway.

  • ApoA-I/SR-BI modulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation through the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway in HUVECs.
    Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2017
    Co-Authors: Yanju Lu, Zhongcheng Mo, Zhenli Tang, Yue Jiang, Xiaoshan Peng, Li Li, Qinghai Zhang, Guanghui Yi
    Abstract:

    Endothelial dysfunction plays a vital role during the initial stage of atherosclerosis. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induces vascular endothelial injury and vessel wall inflammation. Sphingosine-1-phosphosphate (S1P) exerts numerous vasoprotective effects by binding to diverse S1P receptors (S1PRs; S1PR1-5). A number of studies have shown that in endothelial cells (ECs), S1PR2 acts as a pro-atherosclerotic mediator by stimulating vessel wall inflammation through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt Signaling pathway. Scavenger receptor class B member I (SR-BI), a high-affinity receptor for apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)/high-density lipolipoprotein (HDL), inhibits nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) translocation and decreases the plasma levels of inflammatory mediators via the PI3K/Akt pathway. We hypothesized that the inflammatory effects of S1P/S1PR2 on ECs may be regulated by apoA-I/SR-BI. The results showed that ox-LDL, a pro-inflammatory factor, augmented the S1PR2 level in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In addition, S1P/S1PR2 Signaling influenced the levels of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrnecrosistor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-10, aggravating inflammation in HUVECs. Moreover, the pro-inflammatory effects induced by S1P/S1PR2 were attenuated by SR-BI overexpression and enhanced by an SR-BI inhibitor, BLT-1. Further experiments showed that the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway was involved in this process. Taken together, these results demonstrate that apoA-I/SR-BI negatively regulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation in HUVECs by activating the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway.

Yanju Lu – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • apoa i sr bi modulates s1p s1pr2 mediated inflammation through the pi3k Akt Signaling pathway in huvecs
    Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2017
    Co-Authors: Yanju Lu, Zhongcheng Mo, Zhenli Tang, Yue Jiang, Xiaoshan Peng, Li Li, Qinghai Zhang, Guanghui Yi
    Abstract:

    Endothelial dysfunction plays a vital role during the initial stage of atherosclerosis. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induces vascular endothelial injury and vessel wall inflammation. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) exerts numerous vasoprotective effects by binding to diverse S1P receptors (S1PRs; S1PR1-5). A number of studies have shown that in endothelial cells (ECs), S1PR2 acts as a pro-atherosclerotic mediator by stimulating vessel wall inflammation through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt Signaling pathway. Scavenger receptor class B member I (SR-BI), a high-affinity receptor for apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL), inhibits nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) translocation and decreases the plasma levels of inflammatory mediators via the PI3K/Akt pathway. We hypothesized that the inflammatory effects of S1P/S1PR2 on ECs may be regulated by apoA-I/SR-BI. The results showed that ox-LDL, a pro-inflammatory factor, augmented the S1PR2 level in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In addition, S1P/S1PR2 Signaling influenced the levels of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-10, aggravating inflammation in HUVECs. Moreover, the pro-inflammatory effects induced by S1P/S1PR2 were attenuated by SR-BI overexpression and enhanced by an SR-BI inhibitor, BLT-1. Further experiments showed that the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway was involved in this process. Taken together, these results demonstrate that apoA-I/SR-BI negatively regulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation in HUVECs by activating the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway.

  • ApoA-I/SR-BI modulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation through the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway in HUVECs.
    Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2017
    Co-Authors: Yanju Lu, Zhongcheng Mo, Zhenli Tang, Yue Jiang, Xiaoshan Peng, Li Li, Qinghai Zhang, Guanghui Yi
    Abstract:

    Endothelial dysfunction plays a vital role during the initial stage of atherosclerosis. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induces vascular endothelial injury and vessel wall inflammation. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) exerts numerous vasoprotective effects by binding to diverse S1P receptors (S1PRs; S1PR1-5). A number of studies have shown that in endothelial cells (ECs), S1PR2 acts as a pro-atherosclerotic mediator by stimulating vessel wall inflammation through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt Signaling pathway. Scavenger receptor class B member I (SR-BI), a high-affinity receptor for apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL), inhibits nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) translocation and decreases the plasma levels of inflammatory mediators via the PI3K/Akt pathway. We hypothesized that the inflammatory effects of S1P/S1PR2 on ECs may be regulated by apoA-I/SR-BI. The results showed that ox-LDL, a pro-inflammatory factor, augmented the S1PR2 level in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In addition, S1P/S1PR2 Signaling influenced the levels of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-10, aggravating inflammation in HUVECs. Moreover, the pro-inflammatory effects induced by S1P/S1PR2 were attenuated by SR-BI overexpression and enhanced by an SR-BI inhibitor, BLT-1. Further experiments showed that the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway was involved in this process. Taken together, these results demonstrate that apoA-I/SR-BI negatively regulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation in HUVECs by activating the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway.

Annlii Cheng – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase Akt Signaling pathway mediates acquired resistance to sorafenib in hepatocellular carcinoma cells
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 2011
    Co-Authors: Kuenfeng Chen, Huiling Chen, Wenchi Feng, Peijer Chen, Annlii Cheng
    Abstract:

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common potentially lethal human malignancies worldwide. Sorafenib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was recently approved by the FDA for HCC. In this study, we established two sorafenib-resistant HCC cell lines from Huh7, a human HCC cell line, by chronic exposure of cells to sorafenib. Sorafenib induced significant apoptosis in Huh7 cells, however, Huh7-R1 and Huh7-R2 showed significant resistance to sorafenib-induced apoptosis at the clinical relevant concentrations (up to 10 µgM). Thorough comparisons of the molecular changes between Huh7 and resistant cells showed that the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway played a significant role in mediating acquired resistance to sorafenib in Huh7-R1 and Huh7-R2 cells. Phospho-Akt and p85 (a regulatory subunit of PI3K) were up-regulated, while tumor suppressor phosphates and tensin homolog (PTEN) was down-regulated in these resistant cells. In addition, ectopic expression of constitutive Akt in Huh7 demonstrated similar resistance to sorafenib. Knock down of Akt by RNA-interference reversed resistance to sorafenib in Huh7-R1 cells, indicating the importance of Akt in drug sensitivity. Furthermore, the combination of MK-2206, a novel allosteric Akt inhibitor, and sorafenib restored the sensitivity of resistant cells to sorafenib-induced apoptosis. In conclusion, activation of PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway mediates acquired resistance to sorafenib in HCC and the combination of sorafenib and MK-2206, an Akt inhibitor, overcomes the resistance at clinical achievable concentrations.

  • activation of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase Akt Signaling pathway mediates acquired resistance to sorafenib in hepatocellular carcinoma cells
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 2011
    Co-Authors: Kuenfeng Chen, Huiling Chen, Wenchi Feng, Peijer Chen, Weitien Tai, Chihhung Hsu, Annlii Cheng
    Abstract:

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common potentially lethal human malignancies worldwide. Sorafenib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was recently approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for HCC. In this study, we established two sorafenib-resistant HCC cell lines from Huh7, a human HCC cell line, by long-term exposure of cells to sorafenib. Sorafenib induced significant apoptosis in Huh7 cells; however, Huh7-R1 and Huh7-R2 showed significant resistance to sorafenib-induced apoptosis at the clinical relevant concentrations (up to 10 μM). Thorough comparisons of the molecular changes between Huh7 and resistant cells showed that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt Signaling pathway played a significant role in mediating acquired resistance to sorafenib in Huh7-R1 and Huh7-R2 cells. Phospho-Akt and p85 (a regulatory subunit of PI3K) were up-regulated, whereas tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog were down-regulated in these resistant cells. In addition, ectopic expression of constitutive Akt in Huh7 demonstrated similar resistance to sorafenib. The knockdown of Akt by RNA interference reversed resistance to sorafenib in Huh7-R1 cells, indicating the importance of Akt in drug sensitivity. Furthermore, the combination of 8-[4-(1-aminocyclobutyl)phenyl]-9-phenyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-f][1,6]naphthyridin-3(2H)-one dihydrochloride (MK-2206), a novel allosteric Akt inhibitor, and sorafenib restored the sensitivity of resistant cells to sorafenib-induced apoptosis. In conclusion, activation of PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway mediates acquired resistance to sorafenib in HCC, and the combination of sorafenib and MK-2206, an Akt inhibitor, overcomes the resistance at clinical achievable concentrations.

Qinghai Zhang – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • apoa i sr bi modulates s1p s1pr2 mediated inflammation through the pi3k Akt Signaling pathway in huvecs
    Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2017
    Co-Authors: Yanju Lu, Zhongcheng Mo, Zhenli Tang, Yue Jiang, Xiaoshan Peng, Li Li, Qinghai Zhang, Guanghui Yi
    Abstract:

    Endothelial dysfunction plays a vital role during the initial stage of atherosclerosis. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induces vascular endothelial injury and vessel wall inflammation. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) exerts numerous vasoprotective effects by binding to diverse S1P receptors (S1PRs; S1PR1-5). A number of studies have shown that in endothelial cells (ECs), S1PR2 acts as a pro-atherosclerotic mediator by stimulating vessel wall inflammation through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt Signaling pathway. Scavenger receptor class B member I (SR-BI), a high-affinity receptor for apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL), inhibits nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) translocation and decreases the plasma levels of inflammatory mediators via the PI3K/Akt pathway. We hypothesized that the inflammatory effects of S1P/S1PR2 on ECs may be regulated by apoA-I/SR-BI. The results showed that ox-LDL, a pro-inflammatory factor, augmented the S1PR2 level in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In addition, S1P/S1PR2 Signaling influenced the levels of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-10, aggravating inflammation in HUVECs. Moreover, the pro-inflammatory effects induced by S1P/S1PR2 were attenuated by SR-BI overexpression and enhanced by an SR-BI inhibitor, BLT-1. Further experiments showed that the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway was involved in this process. Taken together, these results demonstrate that apoA-I/SR-BI negatively regulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation in HUVECs by activating the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway.

  • ApoA-I/SR-BI modulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation through the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway in HUVECs.
    Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2017
    Co-Authors: Yanju Lu, Zhongcheng Mo, Zhenli Tang, Yue Jiang, Xiaoshan Peng, Li Li, Qinghai Zhang, Guanghui Yi
    Abstract:

    Endothelial dysfunction plays a vital role during the initial stage of atherosclerosis. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induces vascular endothelial injury and vessel wall inflammation. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) exerts numerous vasoprotective effects by binding to diverse S1P receptors (S1PRs; S1PR1-5). A number of studies have shown that in endothelial cells (ECs), S1PR2 acts as a pro-atherosclerotic mediator by stimulating vessel wall inflammation through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt Signaling pathway. Scavenger receptor class B member I (SR-BI), a high-affinity receptor for apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL), inhibits nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) translocation and decreases the plasma levels of inflammatory mediators via the PI3K/Akt pathway. We hypothesized that the inflammatory effects of S1P/S1PR2 on ECs may be regulated by apoA-I/SR-BI. The results showed that ox-LDL, a pro-inflammatory factor, augmented the S1PR2 level in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In addition, S1P/S1PR2 Signaling influenced the levels of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-10, aggravating inflammation in HUVECs. Moreover, the pro-inflammatory effects induced by S1P/S1PR2 were attenuated by SR-BI overexpression and enhanced by an SR-BI inhibitor, BLT-1. Further experiments showed that the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway was involved in this process. Taken together, these results demonstrate that apoA-I/SR-BI negatively regulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation in HUVECs by activating the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway.

Xiaoshan Peng – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • apoa i sr bi modulates s1p s1pr2 mediated inflammation through the pi3k Akt Signaling pathway in huvecs
    Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2017
    Co-Authors: Yanju Lu, Zhongcheng Mo, Zhenli Tang, Yue Jiang, Xiaoshan Peng, Li Li, Qinghai Zhang, Guanghui Yi
    Abstract:

    Endothelial dysfunction plays a vital role during the initial stage of atherosclerosis. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induces vascular endothelial injury and vessel wall inflammation. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) exerts numerous vasoprotective effects by binding to diverse S1P receptors (S1PRs; S1PR1-5). A number of studies have shown that in endothelial cells (ECs), S1PR2 acts as a pro-atherosclerotic mediator by stimulating vessel wall inflammation through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt Signaling pathway. Scavenger receptor class B member I (SR-BI), a high-affinity receptor for apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL), inhibits nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) translocation and decreases the plasma levels of inflammatory mediators via the PI3K/Akt pathway. We hypothesized that the inflammatory effects of S1P/S1PR2 on ECs may be regulated by apoA-I/SR-BI. The results showed that ox-LDL, a pro-inflammatory factor, augmented the S1PR2 level in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In addition, S1P/S1PR2 Signaling influenced the levels of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-10, aggravating inflammation in HUVECs. Moreover, the pro-inflammatory effects induced by S1P/S1PR2 were attenuated by SR-BI overexpression and enhanced by an SR-BI inhibitor, BLT-1. Further experiments showed that the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway was involved in this process. Taken together, these results demonstrate that apoA-I/SR-BI negatively regulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation in HUVECs by activating the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway.

  • ApoA-I/SR-BI modulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation through the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway in HUVECs.
    Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2017
    Co-Authors: Yanju Lu, Zhongcheng Mo, Zhenli Tang, Yue Jiang, Xiaoshan Peng, Li Li, Qinghai Zhang, Guanghui Yi
    Abstract:

    Endothelial dysfunction plays a vital role during the initial stage of atherosclerosis. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induces vascular endothelial injury and vessel wall inflammation. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) exerts numerous vasoprotective effects by binding to diverse S1P receptors (S1PRs; S1PR1-5). A number of studies have shown that in endothelial cells (ECs), S1PR2 acts as a pro-atherosclerotic mediator by stimulating vessel wall inflammation through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt Signaling pathway. Scavenger receptor class B member I (SR-BI), a high-affinity receptor for apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL), inhibits nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) translocation and decreases the plasma levels of inflammatory mediators via the PI3K/Akt pathway. We hypothesized that the inflammatory effects of S1P/S1PR2 on ECs may be regulated by apoA-I/SR-BI. The results showed that ox-LDL, a pro-inflammatory factor, augmented the S1PR2 level in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In addition, S1P/S1PR2 Signaling influenced the levels of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-10, aggravating inflammation in HUVECs. Moreover, the pro-inflammatory effects induced by S1P/S1PR2 were attenuated by SR-BI overexpression and enhanced by an SR-BI inhibitor, BLT-1. Further experiments showed that the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway was involved in this process. Taken together, these results demonstrate that apoA-I/SR-BI negatively regulates S1P/S1PR2-mediated inflammation in HUVECs by activating the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway.