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Patrick C. N. Rensen – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Inhibition of the central melanocortin system decreases brown adipose tissue activity
    Journal of lipid research, 2014
    Co-Authors: Sander Kooijman, Mariëtte R. Boon, Edwin T. Parlevliet, Janine J. Geerling, Vera Van De Pol, Johannes A. Romijn, Louis M. Havekes, I Meurs, Patrick C. N. Rensen

    Abstract:

    The melanocortin system is an important regulator of energy balance, and melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) deficiency is the most common monogenic cause of obesity. We investigated whether the relationship between melanocortin system activity and energy expenditure (EE) is mediated by brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity. Therefore, female APOE∗3-Leiden.CETP transgenic mice were fed a Western-type diet for 4 weeks and infused intracerebroventricularly with the melanocortin 3/4 receptor (MC3/4R) antagonist SHU9119 or vehicle for 2 weeks. SHU9119 increased food intake (+30%) and body fat (+50%) and decreased EE by reduction in fat oxidation (-42%). In addition, SHU9119 impaired the uptake of VLDL-TG by BAT. In line with this, SHU9119 decreased uncoupling protein-1 levels in BAT (-60%) and induced large intracellular lipid droplets, indicative of severely disturbed BAT activity. Finally, SHU9119-treated mice pair-fed to the vehicletreated group still exhibited these effects, indicating that MC4R inhibition impairs BAT activity independent of food intake. These effects were not specific to the APOE∗3-Leiden.CETP background as SHU9119 also inhibited BAT activity in wild-type mice. We conclude that inhibition of central MC3/4R signaling impairs BAT function, which is accompanied by reduced EE, thereby promoting adiposity. We anticipate that activation of MC4R is a promising strategy to combat obesity by increasing BAT activity. Chemicals/CAS: melanocortin 3 receptor, 189235-81-2; melanocortin 4 receptor, 201099-18-5; n acetyl Alpha Intermedin[4-10]cyclo[4 norleucine 5 aspartic acid 7 [3 (2 naphthyl)alanine] 10 lysinamide], 168482-23-3

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I Meurs – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Inhibition of the central melanocortin system decreases brown adipose tissue activity
    Journal of lipid research, 2014
    Co-Authors: Sander Kooijman, Mariëtte R. Boon, Edwin T. Parlevliet, Janine J. Geerling, Vera Van De Pol, Johannes A. Romijn, Louis M. Havekes, I Meurs, Patrick C. N. Rensen

    Abstract:

    The melanocortin system is an important regulator of energy balance, and melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) deficiency is the most common monogenic cause of obesity. We investigated whether the relationship between melanocortin system activity and energy expenditure (EE) is mediated by brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity. Therefore, female APOE∗3-Leiden.CETP transgenic mice were fed a Western-type diet for 4 weeks and infused intracerebroventricularly with the melanocortin 3/4 receptor (MC3/4R) antagonist SHU9119 or vehicle for 2 weeks. SHU9119 increased food intake (+30%) and body fat (+50%) and decreased EE by reduction in fat oxidation (-42%). In addition, SHU9119 impaired the uptake of VLDL-TG by BAT. In line with this, SHU9119 decreased uncoupling protein-1 levels in BAT (-60%) and induced large intracellular lipid droplets, indicative of severely disturbed BAT activity. Finally, SHU9119-treated mice pair-fed to the vehicletreated group still exhibited these effects, indicating that MC4R inhibition impairs BAT activity independent of food intake. These effects were not specific to the APOE∗3-Leiden.CETP background as SHU9119 also inhibited BAT activity in wild-type mice. We conclude that inhibition of central MC3/4R signaling impairs BAT function, which is accompanied by reduced EE, thereby promoting adiposity. We anticipate that activation of MC4R is a promising strategy to combat obesity by increasing BAT activity. Chemicals/CAS: melanocortin 3 receptor, 189235-81-2; melanocortin 4 receptor, 201099-18-5; n acetyl Alpha Intermedin[4-10]cyclo[4 norleucine 5 aspartic acid 7 [3 (2 naphthyl)alanine] 10 lysinamide], 168482-23-3

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Louis M. Havekes – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Inhibition of the central melanocortin system decreases brown adipose tissue activity
    Journal of lipid research, 2014
    Co-Authors: Sander Kooijman, Mariëtte R. Boon, Edwin T. Parlevliet, Janine J. Geerling, Vera Van De Pol, Johannes A. Romijn, Louis M. Havekes, I Meurs, Patrick C. N. Rensen

    Abstract:

    The melanocortin system is an important regulator of energy balance, and melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) deficiency is the most common monogenic cause of obesity. We investigated whether the relationship between melanocortin system activity and energy expenditure (EE) is mediated by brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity. Therefore, female APOE∗3-Leiden.CETP transgenic mice were fed a Western-type diet for 4 weeks and infused intracerebroventricularly with the melanocortin 3/4 receptor (MC3/4R) antagonist SHU9119 or vehicle for 2 weeks. SHU9119 increased food intake (+30%) and body fat (+50%) and decreased EE by reduction in fat oxidation (-42%). In addition, SHU9119 impaired the uptake of VLDL-TG by BAT. In line with this, SHU9119 decreased uncoupling protein-1 levels in BAT (-60%) and induced large intracellular lipid droplets, indicative of severely disturbed BAT activity. Finally, SHU9119-treated mice pair-fed to the vehicletreated group still exhibited these effects, indicating that MC4R inhibition impairs BAT activity independent of food intake. These effects were not specific to the APOE∗3-Leiden.CETP background as SHU9119 also inhibited BAT activity in wild-type mice. We conclude that inhibition of central MC3/4R signaling impairs BAT function, which is accompanied by reduced EE, thereby promoting adiposity. We anticipate that activation of MC4R is a promising strategy to combat obesity by increasing BAT activity. Chemicals/CAS: melanocortin 3 receptor, 189235-81-2; melanocortin 4 receptor, 201099-18-5; n acetyl Alpha Intermedin[4-10]cyclo[4 norleucine 5 aspartic acid 7 [3 (2 naphthyl)alanine] 10 lysinamide], 168482-23-3

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