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Uno Wennergren – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
improvement of Animal welfare by strategic analysis and logistic optimisation of Animal Slaughter transportationAnimal Welfare, 2016Co-Authors: Nina Hakansson, Patrik Flisberg, Bo Algers, Annie Jonsson, Mikael Ronnqvist, Uno WennergrenAbstract:
The transportation of Animals to Slaughterhouses is a major welfare concern. The number of Slaughterhouses has decreased over time in Europe due to centralisation. This is expected to increase tran …
Jon Olaf Olaussen – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
On the tragedy of the commons: When predation and livestock loss may improve the economic lot of herdersAmbio, 2017Co-Authors: Anders Skonhoft, Anne Borge Johannesen, Jon Olaf OlaussenAbstract:
This paper studies the practice of semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer t. tarandus ) herding in Finnmark county in northern Norway. In this area, the Saami reindeer herders compete for space and grazing areas and keep large herds, while at the same time, the reindeer population is heavily exposed to carnivore predation by the lynx ( Lynx lynx ), the wolverine ( Gulo gulo ), and the golden eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos ). It is demonstrated that predation actually may improve the economic lot of livestock holders in this unmanaged local common setting. There are ecological as well as economic reasons as to why this happens. The ecological reason is that predation compensates for natural mortality; that is, increased predation reduces natural mortality, indicating that the net loss due to predation actually may be quite small. When predation reduces livestock density, the feeding conditions of the Animals will improve, resulting in increased livestock weight and higher per Animal Slaughter value. At the same time, a smaller stock reduces the operating costs of the herders.
Jeffrey B. Welty – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
Humane Slaughter LawsLaw and contemporary problems, 2007Co-Authors: Jeffrey B. WeltyAbstract:
Much recent scholarship has focused on the conditions under which farm Animals are raised.1 This article examines not how such Animals are kept, but how they are killed and how such killing is regulated by law. Animal Slaughter is a significant issue, in part because of the numbers involved: in the United States, over nine billion chickens are killed each year for food, along with more than a hundred million pigs, and tens of millions of cattle.2 According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the global figures for 2005 were 48 billion chickens, 1.3 billion pigs, and 301 million cattle.3 Still, it is not because of the numbers alone that the Slaughtering process is important. The potential for Animals to suffer stress, pain, and fear during Slaughter is unusually high. It is a critical stage in the life cycle of a farm Animal and therefore calls for the highest levels of care and compassion. This article has three purposes. First, it provides an introduction to the Slaughter process and to its regulation, principally in the United States, but with occasional discussion of international practices and laws. Second, it collects a considerable amount of data and legal authority regarding Animal Slaughter in a single location and so may be a platform for further scholarship. And third, it contains specific suggestions for reforms that will help the United States move closer to a system of humane Slaughter for farm Animals.