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Jie Tian – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • primary pm2 5 and trace gas emissions from residential coal combustion assessing semi coke briquette for emission reduction in the beijing tianjin hebei region china
    Atmospheric Environment, 2018
    Co-Authors: Jie Tian, Haiyan Ni, Zhenxing Shen, Qiyuan Wang, Xin Long, Yong Zhang

    Abstract:

    Abstract In response to severe haze pollution, the Chinese State Council set PM2.5 improvement targets for the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region in 2013. To achieve the targets for the residential sector, semi-coke briquettes are being considered as a replacement for traditional raw coals with the help of financial subsidy, but information on the emission from them and the impacts on the air quality is limited. Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine emission factors (EFs) for a typical semi-coke briquette, its parent material (bituminous raw-coal-chunk) and three types of traditional coals (bituminous raw-coal-chunk, Anthracite raw-coal-chunk and Anthracite coal-briquette) extensively used in BTH. Compared with the parent material, significant lower EFs of primary PM2.5, organic carbon (OC), element carbon (EC), the sum of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon components (PAHs), SO42−, NO3−, hazardous trace elements (HTEs) and NOx were found in semi-coke briquette. A scenario for the BTH region in 2015 in which raw coals were replaced with the semi-coke briquette showed that amounts of pollutants emitted from residential coal combustion could decrease by 91.6% for primary PM2.5, 94.0% for OC, 99.6% for EC, 99.9% for PAHs, 94.2% for NO3−, 45.6% for HTEs, 70.9% for NOx and 22.3% for SO2. However, SO42− loadings evidently would increase if raw coals were replaced with either semi-coke briquette or Anthracite coal-briquette. Geographic distributions of modeled reductions were developed to identify emission-reducing hot-spots and aid in the development of clean energy policies. Replacement of traditional raw coals with the semi-coke briquette apparently could lead to significant environmental improvements in BTH and other regions in China.

Wenxing Wang – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • emissions of fine particulate nitrated phenols from residential coal combustion in china
    Atmospheric Environment, 2019
    Co-Authors: Chunying Lu, Xinfeng Wang, Rui Li, Rongrong Gu, Yinxiao Zhang, Weijun Li, Bing Chen, Wenxing Wang

    Abstract:

    Abstract Nitrated phenols (NPs) are regarded as a major component of brown carbon and affect the earth environment. Previous studies have suggested that NPs in the atmosphere partially originate from coal combustion; however, the direct emissions have not been validated. In this study, the emissions of ten NPs from ten kinds of coal for residential use were investigated via laboratory combustion experiments in which PM2.5 samples were collected and analyzed by UHPLC-MS. The fine particulate NPs emitted from coal combustion were dominated by nitrocatechols and the methyl substituents under most conditions, while the emission profile of nitrated phenols varies with different rank of coals. Based on the emission ratios of NPs/PM2.5 obtained from this study and the PM2.5 emission factors in the literature, the emission factors of fine particulate NPs for chunks of lignite, bituminite, and Anthracite and for briquettes of Anthracite were calculated as 0.2–10.1 mg kg−1. According to the residential coal consumption in 30 provinces in China in 2016, the total emission of fine particulate NPs from the residential coal combustion was estimated to be 178 ± 42 Mg.

Xinfeng Wang – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • emissions of fine particulate nitrated phenols from residential coal combustion in china
    Atmospheric Environment, 2019
    Co-Authors: Chunying Lu, Xinfeng Wang, Rui Li, Rongrong Gu, Yinxiao Zhang, Weijun Li, Bing Chen, Wenxing Wang

    Abstract:

    Abstract Nitrated phenols (NPs) are regarded as a major component of brown carbon and affect the earth environment. Previous studies have suggested that NPs in the atmosphere partially originate from coal combustion; however, the direct emissions have not been validated. In this study, the emissions of ten NPs from ten kinds of coal for residential use were investigated via laboratory combustion experiments in which PM2.5 samples were collected and analyzed by UHPLC-MS. The fine particulate NPs emitted from coal combustion were dominated by nitrocatechols and the methyl substituents under most conditions, while the emission profile of nitrated phenols varies with different rank of coals. Based on the emission ratios of NPs/PM2.5 obtained from this study and the PM2.5 emission factors in the literature, the emission factors of fine particulate NPs for chunks of lignite, bituminite, and Anthracite and for briquettes of Anthracite were calculated as 0.2–10.1 mg kg−1. According to the residential coal consumption in 30 provinces in China in 2016, the total emission of fine particulate NPs from the residential coal combustion was estimated to be 178 ± 42 Mg.