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Antibody Screening

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Stephen Henry – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • immunohematology novel Antibody Screening cells mut mur kodecytes created by attaching peptides onto red blood cells
    Transfusion, 2010
    Co-Authors: Damien Heathcote, Jui-jen Wang, Robert L. Flower, Igor Leonidovich Rodionov, Alexander B. Tuzikov, Nicolai V. Bovin, Tim Carroll, Stephen Henry

    Abstract:

    BACKGROUND: Antibody Screening and identification panels are generally limited by the natural antigenic phenotypes present in their source donor population. However, the recent ability to attach peptides to the surface of cells has opened up the opportunity to create red blood cells (RBCs) with antigen profiles specifically designed for Antibody Screening and identification in a target population.

    STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Clinically significant antibodies to variant glycophorins (GPs) such as GP.Mur are more commonly seen in certain Asian populations. Using peptides representative of the MNS antigens MUT and Mur, RBC Antibody Screening cells were created using KODE cell surface engineering constructs. MUT-, Mur-, and MUT+Mur-modified RBCs, known as kodecytes, were tested against monoclonal reagents and polyclonal sera with specificity for epitopes on GP.Mur-positive RBCs.

    RESULTS: Kodecytes retained their normal expression of intrinsic blood group antigens while expressing the new epitopes attached by KODE technology. The MUT, Mur, and MUT+Mur kodecytes, although unreactive with the various monoclonal reagents, were appropriately reactive with polyclonal sera containing antibodies reactive with GP.Mur-positive RBCs.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study used selected MUT and Mur peptides and KODE cell surface engineering technology to create MUT+Mur kodecytes suitable for the detection and identification of RBC antibodies in human serum or plasma. This technology has the potential to create a large range of specialized RBCs for Antibody Screening and identification.

  • novel Antibody Screening cells mut mur kodecytes created by attaching peptides onto red blood cells
    Transfusion, 2010
    Co-Authors: Damien Heathcote, Jui-jen Wang, Robert L. Flower, Igor Leonidovich Rodionov, Alexander B. Tuzikov, Nicolai V. Bovin, Tim Carroll, Stephen Henry

    Abstract:

    BACKGROUND: Antibody Screening and identification panels are generally limited by the natural antigenic phenotypes present in their source donor population. However, the recent ability to attach peptides to the surface of cells has opened up the opportunity to create red blood cells (RBCs) with antigen profiles specifically designed for Antibody Screening and identification in a target population. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Clinically significant antibodies to variant glycophorins (GPs) such as GP.Mur are more commonly seen in certain Asian populations. Using peptides representative of the MNS antigens MUT and Mur, RBC Antibody Screening cells were created using KODE cell surface engineering constructs. MUT-, Mur-, and MUT+Mur-modified RBCs, known as kodecytes, were tested against monoclonal reagents and polyclonal sera with specificity for epitopes on GP.Mur-positive RBCs. RESULTS: Kodecytes retained their normal expression of intrinsic blood group antigens while expressing the new epitopes attached by KODE technology. The MUT, Mur, and MUT+Mur kodecytes, although unreactive with the various monoclonal reagents, were appropriately reactive with polyclonal sera containing antibodies reactive with GP.Mur-positive RBCs. CONCLUSIONS: This study used selected MUT and Mur peptides and KODE cell surface engineering technology to create MUT+Mur kodecytes suitable for the detection and identification of RBC antibodies in human serum or plasma. This technology has the potential to create a large range of specialized RBCs for Antibody Screening and identification.

  • IMMUNOHEMATOLOGY: Novel Antibody Screening cells, MUT+Mur kodecytes, created by attaching peptides onto red blood cells: MUT+MUR KODECYTES, NOVEL Antibody Screening CELLS
    Transfusion, 2009
    Co-Authors: Damien Heathcote, Thomas L. Carroll, Jui-jen Wang, Robert L. Flower, Igor Leonidovich Rodionov, Alexander B. Tuzikov, Nicolai V. Bovin, Stephen Henry

    Abstract:

    BACKGROUND: Antibody Screening and identification panels are generally limited by the natural antigenic phenotypes present in their source donor population. However, the recent ability to attach peptides to the surface of cells has opened up the opportunity to create red blood cells (RBCs) with antigen profiles specifically designed for Antibody Screening and identification in a target population.

    STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Clinically significant antibodies to variant glycophorins (GPs) such as GP.Mur are more commonly seen in certain Asian populations. Using peptides representative of the MNS antigens MUT and Mur, RBC Antibody Screening cells were created using KODE cell surface engineering constructs. MUT-, Mur-, and MUT+Mur-modified RBCs, known as kodecytes, were tested against monoclonal reagents and polyclonal sera with specificity for epitopes on GP.Mur-positive RBCs.

    RESULTS: Kodecytes retained their normal expression of intrinsic blood group antigens while expressing the new epitopes attached by KODE technology. The MUT, Mur, and MUT+Mur kodecytes, although unreactive with the various monoclonal reagents, were appropriately reactive with polyclonal sera containing antibodies reactive with GP.Mur-positive RBCs.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study used selected MUT and Mur peptides and KODE cell surface engineering technology to create MUT+Mur kodecytes suitable for the detection and identification of RBC antibodies in human serum or plasma. This technology has the potential to create a large range of specialized RBCs for Antibody Screening and identification.

Angelika Reil – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • recommendations of the isbt working party on granulocyte immunobiology for leucocyte Antibody Screening in the investigation and prevention of Antibody mediated transfusion related acute lung injury
    Vox Sanguinis, 2009
    Co-Authors: Philippe Bierling, Jurgen Bux, Brian R Curtis, Brigitte K Flesch, L Fung, Geoff Lucas, M Macek, Eduardo Munizdiaz, Leendert Porcelijn, Angelika Reil

    Abstract:

    Background  Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is currently one of the most common causes of transfusion-related major morbidity and death. Among the many TRALI mediators, leucocyte antibodies have been identified as important triggers of severe TRALI.

    Study Design and Methods  These recommendations were compiled by experts of the ISBT Working Party on Granulocyte Immunobiology, based on the results obtained in eight international granulocyte immunology workshops, their personal experiences and on published study results.

    Results  Leucocyte Antibody Screening has to include the detection of human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class I, class II and human neutrophil alloantigen antibodies using established and validated techniques. HLA class I Antibody detection should be restricted to antibodies clinically relevant for TRALI. To avoid unnecessary workload, TRALI diagnosis should be assessed by consultation with the reporting clinician and thorough exclusion of transfusion-associated circulatory overload/cardiac insufficiency. In patients diagnosed with TRALI having donors with detectable leucocyte antibodies, evidence of leucocyte incompatibility should be provided by either cross-matching or typing of patient for cognate antigen.

    Conclusion  Leucocyte Antibody Screening for the immunological clarification of TRALI cases as well as for identification of potentially alloimmunized blood donors is feasible and can be performed in a reasonable and quality assured manner. This practice can contribute to the prevention of Antibody-mediated TRALI.

  • specificities of leucocyte alloantibodies in transfusion related acute lung injury and results of leucocyte Antibody Screening of blood donors
    Vox Sanguinis, 2008
    Co-Authors: Angelika Reil, Brigitte Kellerstanislawski, S Gunay

    Abstract:

    Background  Antibody-mediated transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is an important cause of transfusion-associated morbidity and death. Preventive strategies are currently a matter of debate.

    Methods  Specificities of leucocyte antibodies implicated in previous severe TRALI reactions were determined using standard techniques. Based on these results, a leucocyte Antibody Screening strategy for the testing of parous female donors was introduced.

    Results  Of 36 TRALI cases, 17, 12, four and three were due to human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class II, human neutrophil alloantigen (HNA), HLA class I, and mixtures of HLA class I and II antibodies, respectively. HNA-3a antibodies accounted for 10 of 12 HNA Antibody-mediated reactions and 6 of 10 fatalities including one after transfusion of red blood cells. Investigation 5332 parous female donors showed leucocyte antibodies in 473 samples, resulting in an alloimmunization rate of 8·9%. Sixty-one per cent of these donors presented HLA class I, 19% class II, 12% HLA class I and II antibodies and 5% HNA antibodies. Additional HLA class I antibodies were found in 39% of HLA class II and in 17% of HNA antibodies containing sera. Our restrictive plasma strategy did not result in a shortage of plasma or platelets. No Antibody-mediated TRALI case was observed since introduction of the policy of plasma from male, nulliparous or tested multiparous donors.

    Conclusion  Compared to HLA class I antibodies, those directed against HLA class II and HNA-3a were of greater clinical relevance. Isolated HLA class I Antibody Screening was found to be insufficient for leucocyte Antibody Screening.

Damien Heathcote – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • immunohematology novel Antibody Screening cells mut mur kodecytes created by attaching peptides onto red blood cells
    Transfusion, 2010
    Co-Authors: Damien Heathcote, Jui-jen Wang, Robert L. Flower, Igor Leonidovich Rodionov, Alexander B. Tuzikov, Nicolai V. Bovin, Tim Carroll, Stephen Henry

    Abstract:

    BACKGROUND: Antibody Screening and identification panels are generally limited by the natural antigenic phenotypes present in their source donor population. However, the recent ability to attach peptides to the surface of cells has opened up the opportunity to create red blood cells (RBCs) with antigen profiles specifically designed for Antibody Screening and identification in a target population.

    STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Clinically significant antibodies to variant glycophorins (GPs) such as GP.Mur are more commonly seen in certain Asian populations. Using peptides representative of the MNS antigens MUT and Mur, RBC Antibody Screening cells were created using KODE cell surface engineering constructs. MUT-, Mur-, and MUT+Mur-modified RBCs, known as kodecytes, were tested against monoclonal reagents and polyclonal sera with specificity for epitopes on GP.Mur-positive RBCs.

    RESULTS: Kodecytes retained their normal expression of intrinsic blood group antigens while expressing the new epitopes attached by KODE technology. The MUT, Mur, and MUT+Mur kodecytes, although unreactive with the various monoclonal reagents, were appropriately reactive with polyclonal sera containing antibodies reactive with GP.Mur-positive RBCs.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study used selected MUT and Mur peptides and KODE cell surface engineering technology to create MUT+Mur kodecytes suitable for the detection and identification of RBC antibodies in human serum or plasma. This technology has the potential to create a large range of specialized RBCs for Antibody Screening and identification.

  • novel Antibody Screening cells mut mur kodecytes created by attaching peptides onto red blood cells
    Transfusion, 2010
    Co-Authors: Damien Heathcote, Jui-jen Wang, Robert L. Flower, Igor Leonidovich Rodionov, Alexander B. Tuzikov, Nicolai V. Bovin, Tim Carroll, Stephen Henry

    Abstract:

    BACKGROUND: Antibody Screening and identification panels are generally limited by the natural antigenic phenotypes present in their source donor population. However, the recent ability to attach peptides to the surface of cells has opened up the opportunity to create red blood cells (RBCs) with antigen profiles specifically designed for Antibody Screening and identification in a target population. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Clinically significant antibodies to variant glycophorins (GPs) such as GP.Mur are more commonly seen in certain Asian populations. Using peptides representative of the MNS antigens MUT and Mur, RBC Antibody Screening cells were created using KODE cell surface engineering constructs. MUT-, Mur-, and MUT+Mur-modified RBCs, known as kodecytes, were tested against monoclonal reagents and polyclonal sera with specificity for epitopes on GP.Mur-positive RBCs. RESULTS: Kodecytes retained their normal expression of intrinsic blood group antigens while expressing the new epitopes attached by KODE technology. The MUT, Mur, and MUT+Mur kodecytes, although unreactive with the various monoclonal reagents, were appropriately reactive with polyclonal sera containing antibodies reactive with GP.Mur-positive RBCs. CONCLUSIONS: This study used selected MUT and Mur peptides and KODE cell surface engineering technology to create MUT+Mur kodecytes suitable for the detection and identification of RBC antibodies in human serum or plasma. This technology has the potential to create a large range of specialized RBCs for Antibody Screening and identification.

  • IMMUNOHEMATOLOGY: Novel Antibody Screening cells, MUT+Mur kodecytes, created by attaching peptides onto red blood cells: MUT+MUR KODECYTES, NOVEL Antibody Screening CELLS
    Transfusion, 2009
    Co-Authors: Damien Heathcote, Thomas L. Carroll, Jui-jen Wang, Robert L. Flower, Igor Leonidovich Rodionov, Alexander B. Tuzikov, Nicolai V. Bovin, Stephen Henry

    Abstract:

    BACKGROUND: Antibody Screening and identification panels are generally limited by the natural antigenic phenotypes present in their source donor population. However, the recent ability to attach peptides to the surface of cells has opened up the opportunity to create red blood cells (RBCs) with antigen profiles specifically designed for Antibody Screening and identification in a target population.

    STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Clinically significant antibodies to variant glycophorins (GPs) such as GP.Mur are more commonly seen in certain Asian populations. Using peptides representative of the MNS antigens MUT and Mur, RBC Antibody Screening cells were created using KODE cell surface engineering constructs. MUT-, Mur-, and MUT+Mur-modified RBCs, known as kodecytes, were tested against monoclonal reagents and polyclonal sera with specificity for epitopes on GP.Mur-positive RBCs.

    RESULTS: Kodecytes retained their normal expression of intrinsic blood group antigens while expressing the new epitopes attached by KODE technology. The MUT, Mur, and MUT+Mur kodecytes, although unreactive with the various monoclonal reagents, were appropriately reactive with polyclonal sera containing antibodies reactive with GP.Mur-positive RBCs.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study used selected MUT and Mur peptides and KODE cell surface engineering technology to create MUT+Mur kodecytes suitable for the detection and identification of RBC antibodies in human serum or plasma. This technology has the potential to create a large range of specialized RBCs for Antibody Screening and identification.