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Antimicrotubule Agent

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Motohiro Kobayashi – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • tumor specific antivascular effect of tzt 1027 soblidotin elucidated by magnetic resonance imaging and confocal laser scanning microscopy
    Cancer Science, 2007
    Co-Authors: Tsugitaka Natsume, Junichi Watanabe, Kenji Ogawa, Kazuhiko Yasumura, Motohiro Kobayashi

    Abstract:

    TZT-1027 (soblidotin), an Antimicrotubule Agent, has previously been evaluated in terms of its antivascular effects. In this study, Evans blue perfusion, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) were utilized to further elucidate the antivascular effect of TZT-1027 in female nude mice and rats bearing human breast tumor MX-1, as well as in female Sprague-Dawley rats that developed breast tumors induced by dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). Therapeutic doses of TZT-1027 caused nearly complete regression of implanted MX-1 tumors in nude mice and rats as well as DMBA-induced tumors in rats. The perfusion in MX-1 tumor implanted in nude mice was drastically reduced within 30 min after TZT-1027 administration and was completely inhibited after 6 h or more, although not reduced in normal tissue of kidney. The study using MRI demonstrated that rich blood flow within tumors was remarkably reduced 1-3 h after TZT-1027 administration both in nude rats bearing MX-1 tumors and in rats with DMBA-induced tumors. Furthermore, the study with CLSM in nude mice bearing MX-1 tumors revealed a disruption of tumor microvessels at 1 h and a destruction of tumor microvessel network at 3 h after TZT-1027 administration. In contrast, these types of vascular disorders were not observed in heart and kidney. These results suggest that TZT-1027 specifically damages tumor vasculatures, leading to extensive tumor necrosis within tolerable dose range, and confirms earlier observations that TZT-1027 exerts a considerable antivascular effect in addition to an excellent cytotoxic effect.

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  • Tumor‐specific antivascular effect of TZT‐1027 (Soblidotin) elucidated by magnetic resonance imaging and confocal laser scanning microscopy
    Cancer Science, 2007
    Co-Authors: Tsugitaka Natsume, Junichi Watanabe, Kenji Ogawa, Kazuhiko Yasumura, Motohiro Kobayashi

    Abstract:

    TZT-1027 (soblidotin), an Antimicrotubule Agent, has previously been evaluated in terms of its antivascular effects. In this study, Evans blue perfusion, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) were utilized to further elucidate the antivascular effect of TZT-1027 in female nude mice and rats bearing human breast tumor MX-1, as well as in female Sprague-Dawley rats that developed breast tumors induced by dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). Therapeutic doses of TZT-1027 caused nearly complete regression of implanted MX-1 tumors in nude mice and rats as well as DMBA-induced tumors in rats. The perfusion in MX-1 tumor implanted in nude mice was drastically reduced within 30 min after TZT-1027 administration and was completely inhibited after 6 h or more, although not reduced in normal tissue of kidney. The study using MRI demonstrated that rich blood flow within tumors was remarkably reduced 1-3 h after TZT-1027 administration both in nude rats bearing MX-1 tumors and in rats with DMBA-induced tumors. Furthermore, the study with CLSM in nude mice bearing MX-1 tumors revealed a disruption of tumor microvessels at 1 h and a destruction of tumor microvessel network at 3 h after TZT-1027 administration. In contrast, these types of vascular disorders were not observed in heart and kidney. These results suggest that TZT-1027 specifically damages tumor vasculatures, leading to extensive tumor necrosis within tolerable dose range, and confirms earlier observations that TZT-1027 exerts a considerable antivascular effect in addition to an excellent cytotoxic effect.

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  • antivascular effects of tzt 1027 soblidotin on murine colon26 adenocarcinoma
    Cancer Science, 2006
    Co-Authors: Junichi Watanabe, Tsugitaka Natsume, Motohiro Kobayashi

    Abstract:

    We investigated the ability of TZT-1027 (Soblidotin), a novel Antimicrotubule Agent, to induce antivascular effects, because most vascular targeting Agents that selectively disrupt tumor vasculature also inhibit tubulin polymerization. Treatment with 10−7 g/mL TZT-1027 rapidly disrupted the microtubule cytoskeleton in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC), and significantly enhanced vascular permeability in HUVEC monolayers. In addition, single intravenous administration of 2 mg/kg TZT-1027 to mice bearing Colon26 tumors significantly reduced tumor perfusion and caused extravascular leakage of erythrocytes 1 h after administration. Subsequently, thrombus formation with deposition of fibrin and tumor necrosis was observed 3 and 24 h after administration, respectively. These results strongly suggest that TZT-1027 possesses antivascular effects. TZT-1027 induced apoptosis not only in HUVEC but also in C26 cancer cells (cell line of Colon26 solid tumor) in vitro, suggesting it exerts direct cytotoxicity against tumor cells in addition to its antivascular effects. A single intravenous administration of 1, 2 and 4 mg/kg TZT-1027 significantly prolonged the survival of mice with advanced-stage Colon26 tumors in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, TZT-1027 itself less markedly enhanced the permeability of normal vessels, but was additive with vascular endothelial growth factor, indicating the possibility that TZT-1027 selectively exerts its activity on tumor vessels. In summary, these results suggest that TZT-1027 exerts both an indirect antivascular effect and a direct cytotoxic effect, resulting in strong antitumor activity against advanced-stage tumors, and that TZT-1027 may be useful clinically for treating solid tumors. (Cancer Sci 2006; 97: 1410–1416)

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Tsugitaka Natsume – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • tumor specific antivascular effect of tzt 1027 soblidotin elucidated by magnetic resonance imaging and confocal laser scanning microscopy
    Cancer Science, 2007
    Co-Authors: Tsugitaka Natsume, Junichi Watanabe, Kenji Ogawa, Kazuhiko Yasumura, Motohiro Kobayashi

    Abstract:

    TZT-1027 (soblidotin), an Antimicrotubule Agent, has previously been evaluated in terms of its antivascular effects. In this study, Evans blue perfusion, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) were utilized to further elucidate the antivascular effect of TZT-1027 in female nude mice and rats bearing human breast tumor MX-1, as well as in female Sprague-Dawley rats that developed breast tumors induced by dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). Therapeutic doses of TZT-1027 caused nearly complete regression of implanted MX-1 tumors in nude mice and rats as well as DMBA-induced tumors in rats. The perfusion in MX-1 tumor implanted in nude mice was drastically reduced within 30 min after TZT-1027 administration and was completely inhibited after 6 h or more, although not reduced in normal tissue of kidney. The study using MRI demonstrated that rich blood flow within tumors was remarkably reduced 1-3 h after TZT-1027 administration both in nude rats bearing MX-1 tumors and in rats with DMBA-induced tumors. Furthermore, the study with CLSM in nude mice bearing MX-1 tumors revealed a disruption of tumor microvessels at 1 h and a destruction of tumor microvessel network at 3 h after TZT-1027 administration. In contrast, these types of vascular disorders were not observed in heart and kidney. These results suggest that TZT-1027 specifically damages tumor vasculatures, leading to extensive tumor necrosis within tolerable dose range, and confirms earlier observations that TZT-1027 exerts a considerable antivascular effect in addition to an excellent cytotoxic effect.

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  • Tumor‐specific antivascular effect of TZT‐1027 (Soblidotin) elucidated by magnetic resonance imaging and confocal laser scanning microscopy
    Cancer Science, 2007
    Co-Authors: Tsugitaka Natsume, Junichi Watanabe, Kenji Ogawa, Kazuhiko Yasumura, Motohiro Kobayashi

    Abstract:

    TZT-1027 (soblidotin), an Antimicrotubule Agent, has previously been evaluated in terms of its antivascular effects. In this study, Evans blue perfusion, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) were utilized to further elucidate the antivascular effect of TZT-1027 in female nude mice and rats bearing human breast tumor MX-1, as well as in female Sprague-Dawley rats that developed breast tumors induced by dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). Therapeutic doses of TZT-1027 caused nearly complete regression of implanted MX-1 tumors in nude mice and rats as well as DMBA-induced tumors in rats. The perfusion in MX-1 tumor implanted in nude mice was drastically reduced within 30 min after TZT-1027 administration and was completely inhibited after 6 h or more, although not reduced in normal tissue of kidney. The study using MRI demonstrated that rich blood flow within tumors was remarkably reduced 1-3 h after TZT-1027 administration both in nude rats bearing MX-1 tumors and in rats with DMBA-induced tumors. Furthermore, the study with CLSM in nude mice bearing MX-1 tumors revealed a disruption of tumor microvessels at 1 h and a destruction of tumor microvessel network at 3 h after TZT-1027 administration. In contrast, these types of vascular disorders were not observed in heart and kidney. These results suggest that TZT-1027 specifically damages tumor vasculatures, leading to extensive tumor necrosis within tolerable dose range, and confirms earlier observations that TZT-1027 exerts a considerable antivascular effect in addition to an excellent cytotoxic effect.

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  • antivascular effects of tzt 1027 soblidotin on murine colon26 adenocarcinoma
    Cancer Science, 2006
    Co-Authors: Junichi Watanabe, Tsugitaka Natsume, Motohiro Kobayashi

    Abstract:

    We investigated the ability of TZT-1027 (Soblidotin), a novel Antimicrotubule Agent, to induce antivascular effects, because most vascular targeting Agents that selectively disrupt tumor vasculature also inhibit tubulin polymerization. Treatment with 10−7 g/mL TZT-1027 rapidly disrupted the microtubule cytoskeleton in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC), and significantly enhanced vascular permeability in HUVEC monolayers. In addition, single intravenous administration of 2 mg/kg TZT-1027 to mice bearing Colon26 tumors significantly reduced tumor perfusion and caused extravascular leakage of erythrocytes 1 h after administration. Subsequently, thrombus formation with deposition of fibrin and tumor necrosis was observed 3 and 24 h after administration, respectively. These results strongly suggest that TZT-1027 possesses antivascular effects. TZT-1027 induced apoptosis not only in HUVEC but also in C26 cancer cells (cell line of Colon26 solid tumor) in vitro, suggesting it exerts direct cytotoxicity against tumor cells in addition to its antivascular effects. A single intravenous administration of 1, 2 and 4 mg/kg TZT-1027 significantly prolonged the survival of mice with advanced-stage Colon26 tumors in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, TZT-1027 itself less markedly enhanced the permeability of normal vessels, but was additive with vascular endothelial growth factor, indicating the possibility that TZT-1027 selectively exerts its activity on tumor vessels. In summary, these results suggest that TZT-1027 exerts both an indirect antivascular effect and a direct cytotoxic effect, resulting in strong antitumor activity against advanced-stage tumors, and that TZT-1027 may be useful clinically for treating solid tumors. (Cancer Sci 2006; 97: 1410–1416)

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Junichi Watanabe – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • tumor specific antivascular effect of tzt 1027 soblidotin elucidated by magnetic resonance imaging and confocal laser scanning microscopy
    Cancer Science, 2007
    Co-Authors: Tsugitaka Natsume, Junichi Watanabe, Kenji Ogawa, Kazuhiko Yasumura, Motohiro Kobayashi

    Abstract:

    TZT-1027 (soblidotin), an Antimicrotubule Agent, has previously been evaluated in terms of its antivascular effects. In this study, Evans blue perfusion, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) were utilized to further elucidate the antivascular effect of TZT-1027 in female nude mice and rats bearing human breast tumor MX-1, as well as in female Sprague-Dawley rats that developed breast tumors induced by dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). Therapeutic doses of TZT-1027 caused nearly complete regression of implanted MX-1 tumors in nude mice and rats as well as DMBA-induced tumors in rats. The perfusion in MX-1 tumor implanted in nude mice was drastically reduced within 30 min after TZT-1027 administration and was completely inhibited after 6 h or more, although not reduced in normal tissue of kidney. The study using MRI demonstrated that rich blood flow within tumors was remarkably reduced 1-3 h after TZT-1027 administration both in nude rats bearing MX-1 tumors and in rats with DMBA-induced tumors. Furthermore, the study with CLSM in nude mice bearing MX-1 tumors revealed a disruption of tumor microvessels at 1 h and a destruction of tumor microvessel network at 3 h after TZT-1027 administration. In contrast, these types of vascular disorders were not observed in heart and kidney. These results suggest that TZT-1027 specifically damages tumor vasculatures, leading to extensive tumor necrosis within tolerable dose range, and confirms earlier observations that TZT-1027 exerts a considerable antivascular effect in addition to an excellent cytotoxic effect.

    Free Register to Access Article

  • Tumor‐specific antivascular effect of TZT‐1027 (Soblidotin) elucidated by magnetic resonance imaging and confocal laser scanning microscopy
    Cancer Science, 2007
    Co-Authors: Tsugitaka Natsume, Junichi Watanabe, Kenji Ogawa, Kazuhiko Yasumura, Motohiro Kobayashi

    Abstract:

    TZT-1027 (soblidotin), an Antimicrotubule Agent, has previously been evaluated in terms of its antivascular effects. In this study, Evans blue perfusion, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) were utilized to further elucidate the antivascular effect of TZT-1027 in female nude mice and rats bearing human breast tumor MX-1, as well as in female Sprague-Dawley rats that developed breast tumors induced by dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). Therapeutic doses of TZT-1027 caused nearly complete regression of implanted MX-1 tumors in nude mice and rats as well as DMBA-induced tumors in rats. The perfusion in MX-1 tumor implanted in nude mice was drastically reduced within 30 min after TZT-1027 administration and was completely inhibited after 6 h or more, although not reduced in normal tissue of kidney. The study using MRI demonstrated that rich blood flow within tumors was remarkably reduced 1-3 h after TZT-1027 administration both in nude rats bearing MX-1 tumors and in rats with DMBA-induced tumors. Furthermore, the study with CLSM in nude mice bearing MX-1 tumors revealed a disruption of tumor microvessels at 1 h and a destruction of tumor microvessel network at 3 h after TZT-1027 administration. In contrast, these types of vascular disorders were not observed in heart and kidney. These results suggest that TZT-1027 specifically damages tumor vasculatures, leading to extensive tumor necrosis within tolerable dose range, and confirms earlier observations that TZT-1027 exerts a considerable antivascular effect in addition to an excellent cytotoxic effect.

    Free Register to Access Article

  • antivascular effects of tzt 1027 soblidotin on murine colon26 adenocarcinoma
    Cancer Science, 2006
    Co-Authors: Junichi Watanabe, Tsugitaka Natsume, Motohiro Kobayashi

    Abstract:

    We investigated the ability of TZT-1027 (Soblidotin), a novel Antimicrotubule Agent, to induce antivascular effects, because most vascular targeting Agents that selectively disrupt tumor vasculature also inhibit tubulin polymerization. Treatment with 10−7 g/mL TZT-1027 rapidly disrupted the microtubule cytoskeleton in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC), and significantly enhanced vascular permeability in HUVEC monolayers. In addition, single intravenous administration of 2 mg/kg TZT-1027 to mice bearing Colon26 tumors significantly reduced tumor perfusion and caused extravascular leakage of erythrocytes 1 h after administration. Subsequently, thrombus formation with deposition of fibrin and tumor necrosis was observed 3 and 24 h after administration, respectively. These results strongly suggest that TZT-1027 possesses antivascular effects. TZT-1027 induced apoptosis not only in HUVEC but also in C26 cancer cells (cell line of Colon26 solid tumor) in vitro, suggesting it exerts direct cytotoxicity against tumor cells in addition to its antivascular effects. A single intravenous administration of 1, 2 and 4 mg/kg TZT-1027 significantly prolonged the survival of mice with advanced-stage Colon26 tumors in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, TZT-1027 itself less markedly enhanced the permeability of normal vessels, but was additive with vascular endothelial growth factor, indicating the possibility that TZT-1027 selectively exerts its activity on tumor vessels. In summary, these results suggest that TZT-1027 exerts both an indirect antivascular effect and a direct cytotoxic effect, resulting in strong antitumor activity against advanced-stage tumors, and that TZT-1027 may be useful clinically for treating solid tumors. (Cancer Sci 2006; 97: 1410–1416)

    Free Register to Access Article