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Autopoietic System

The Experts below are selected from a list of 177 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform

Kaj U Koskinen – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • supply chain as an Autopoietic learning System
    Supply Chain Management, 2014
    Co-Authors: Rainer Breite, Kaj U Koskinen

    Abstract:

    Purpose – This paper seeks to present a comprehensive overview of the supply chain as an Autopoietic System. The new Autopoietic approach suggests a transition from traditional cognitivist epistemology to the theory of learning as a creational matter, and this type of thinking can potentially shed light on the role of knowledge creation as a part of supply chain management. Design/methodology/approach – The paper is structured as follows: the first section describes the theoretical background of the concept of knowledge management in the supply chain. After that, the paper examines the general Systems theory and the role of an Autopoietic System within it. Then the paper addresses Autopoietic epistemology. In particular, the notions of knowledge, learning, and knowledge flows are described so that the focus is on the context of the supply chain and supply chain management at operational level. Findings – The supplier’s, customer’s, and firm’s own organization and parts of the organization have autonomy sy…

  • observation s role in technically complex project implementation the social Autopoietic System view
    International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 2013
    Co-Authors: Kaj U Koskinen

    Abstract:

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore what the role of individuals’ observations is in the implementation of technically complex projects.Design/methodology/approach – Initially essential theoretical information is presented, by reviewing the concepts of Systemic view and autopoiesis. Then the notion of communication is described focusing on Niklas Luhmann’s theory on communication in social Autopoietic Systems. After that follows an illustration of the concept of technical complexity in projects. Next notions of problem and problem solving are highlighted. Then follows the main content of this paper; namely descriptions of the concepts of observation and distinction making focusing particularly on the Spencer Brown’s ideas of these concepts. And finally, the paper deals with the notion of importance of shared understanding.Findings – The project team members act under the limitations of their subjective observations. However, individuals’ observations play an important role in the implementat…

  • the project based company as an Autopoietic knowledge System
    International Journal of Knowledge and Learning, 2012
    Co-Authors: Kaj U Koskinen

    Abstract:

    As discussed autonomous or controlled (cf. chapter 4), autopoiesis theory is a relational theory. The focus and level of observation determine whether a project-based company should be regarded as autonomous or controlled. The control and autonomy approaches complement each other. A project-based company may be seen as an autonomous whole while simultaneously its projects may be seen as input-process-output Systems from the control perspective (cf. Varela, 1979). This means that it is possible to regard a project-based company simultaneously as an autonomous, Autopoietic System capable of self-production, and as a controlled System.

John Mingers – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Self-Producing Systems Implications and Applications of Autopoiesis / – Self-Producing Systems—Implications and Applications of Autopoiesis
    Journal of the Operational Research Society, 1997
    Co-Authors: John Mingers

    Abstract:

    Autopoiesis in the Physical Domain: The Organization of Living Systems. The Implications of Autopoiesis. Mathematics and Models of Autopoiesis. Theories of Cognition: The Organization of the Nervous System. Language and the Emergence of the Observer. Philosophical Implications. Applications of Autopoiesis: Autopoietic Organizations and Social Systems. Law as an Autopoietic System. Family Therapy. Information Systems, Cognitive Science, and Artificial Intelligence. Conclusions. Index.

  • Autopoietic Organizations and Social Systems
    Self-Producing Systems, 1995
    Co-Authors: John Mingers

    Abstract:

    The concept of autopoiesis clearly was developed in order to explain the specific domain of physical, living Systems. However, from the start it has been suggested that other types of entities, particularly human Organizations (“Organization” will refer to clubs, businesses, etc., while “organization” will mean Maturana’s and Varela’s term) and societies exhibit the same characteristics that autopoiesis explains in physical, living Systems; namely, autonomy and the persistence and maintenance of identity despite wholesale changes of structure and turnover of components. Therefore, might they too be Autopoietic? Various authors have considered this question, and Stafford Beer was characteristically enthusiastic in his Preface to “Autopoietic Systems” (1975, p. 70):
    I ask for permission actively to enter this arena of discussion. … For I am quite sure of the answer: yes, human societies are biological Systems. … any cohesive social institution is an Autopoietic System—because it survives, because its methods of survival answer the Autopoietic criteria, and because it may well change its entire appearance and its apparent purpose in the process. As examples I list: firms and industries, schools and universities, clinics and hospitals, professional bodies, departments of state and whole countries.

  • law as an Autopoietic System
    , 1995
    Co-Authors: John Mingers

    Abstract:

    The application of autopoiesis to law has developed from Luhmann’s work on social autopoiesis, described in Chapter 8. As we saw, he analyzed society into a number of different functional subSystems, each based on a particular mode of communication. One of these was law. Luhmann had developed a sociology of law, published in 1972 as Rechtssoziologie, before he utilized autopoiesis. An English translation appeared in 1985 (A Sociological Theory of Law), and this contained an extra chapter incorporating the basic notions of autopoiesis. Since then Luhmann has written further papers (1985c, 1987b, 1987c, 1989, 1992a, b); the idea has been taken up especially by Teubner (1984, 1987b, 1987c, 1989, 1990, 1993) and has generated a good deal of controversy (Teubner 1987a; Cardozo Law Review 13(5), 1992; Amselek and Mac-Cormick, 1991) within law. Teubner has applied it to the problems of legal regulation (1985, 1987d), Power (1994) to accounting and the environment, and King and Piper (1990) have explored this characterization of law in a book about how the law “thinks” about children.

R D King – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • What Kind of Autopoietic System, If Any, Can a Perspective Actually Be?
    Constructivist Foundations, 2020
    Co-Authors: R D King

    Abstract:

    > upshot • The authors propose that a perspective is an Autopoietic System. This commentary challenges the feasibility of this claim by pointing out the conceptual difficulties associated with such a proposal. But even granting that a perspective is, or can be, an Autopoietic System, what sort of Autopoietic System might best ground the authors’ concept of perspective? This last question is also pursued here.

  • what kind of Autopoietic System if any can a perspective actually be
    Constructivist Foundations, 2014
    Co-Authors: R D King

    Abstract:

    > upshot • The authors propose that a perspective is an Autopoietic System. This commentary challenges the feasibility of this claim by pointing out the conceptual difficulties associated with such a proposal. But even granting that a perspective is, or can be, an Autopoietic System, what sort of Autopoietic System might best ground the authors’ concept of perspective? This last question is also pursued here.