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Awareness Material

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Florian Arendt – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Investigating the Negation of Media Stereotypes
    Journal of Media Psychology, 2019
    Co-Authors: Florian Arendt

    Abstract:

    Abstract. We investigated the negation of media stereotypes. Negation refers to an internal attempt to negate stereotypic content (“No! This is not true!”). The process of negation is important because a critical assessment of stereotypic content can be beneficial for stereotype and prejudice reduction. This fact is a crucial reason why readers’ disagreement regarding simplified stereotypic depictions is of central interest for mass communication research and media literacy campaigns. Importantly, factors that can increase negation are of special interest. Although the ability and motivation to process stereotypic content can be theoretically identified as potential influencing factors, media-stereotype research has not yet tested the influence of these factors on negation. In Experiment 1 (N = 347), we manipulated the motivation to negate by presenting Awareness Material. We informed some of the participants that the news media often do not represent the world as it is, but sometimes do so in a stereotyp…

  • Effects of Awareness Material on suicide-related knowledge and the intention to provide adequate help to suicidal individuals
    Crisis-the Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 2017
    Co-Authors: Florian Arendt, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Sebastian Scherr, Sabrina Krallmann, Benedikt Till

    Abstract:

    Abstract. Background: Little is known about the impact of educative media reports on the intention to provide help to suicidal individuals and on suicide-related knowledge. Aims: To test whether Material debunking widely shared myths influences knowledge and the intention to provide adequate help to others, and if such information reduces reading enjoyment. Method: A randomized controlled trial was utilized. Participants allocated to the intervention group were exposed to Awareness Material explicitly addressing suicide myths. Results: Analyses show that exposure to printed Awareness Material increased knowledge, which in turn positively influenced intentions to provide help. The inclusion of information regarding suicide myths did not reduce reading enjoyment. Limitations: The Awareness Material used in this study only addressed two suicide myths that were considered to be especially important. Conclusion: Information debunking suicide myths in suicide-related media reports is therefore both feasible and…

  • Supporting Reporting: On the Positive Effects of Text- and Video-Based Awareness Material on Responsible Journalistic Suicide News Writing
    Archives of Suicide Research, 2016
    Co-Authors: Sebastian Scherr, Florian Arendt, Markus Schäfer

    Abstract:

    Suicide is a global public health problem. Media impact on suicide is well confirmed and there are several recommendations on how media should and should not report on suicide to minimize the risk of copycat behavior. Those media guidelines have been developed to improve responsible reporting on suicide (RRS). Although such guidelines are used in several countries, we lack empirical evidence on their causal effect on actual journalistic news writing. We conducted an experiment with journalism students (N = 78) in Germany in which we tested whether exposure to Awareness Material promoting RRS influences news writing. As a supplement to the widely used text-based Material, we tested the impact of a video in which a suicide expert presents the guidelines. A video was used as a supplement to text partly due to its potential benefit for prevention efforts over the Internet. We chose a low-budget production process allowing easy reproduction in different countries by local suicide experts. In the experiment, participants were either exposed to written, audio-visual, or no Awareness Material. Afterwards, participants read numerous facts of an ostensible suicide event and were asked to write a factual suicide news story based on these facts. Analyses indicate that Awareness Material exposure helped to improve RRS with the Awareness video showing the strongest effects. We recommend that suicide prevention should use instructive Awareness videos about RRS complementary to text-based Awareness Material.

Benedikt Till – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Effects of Awareness Material featuring individuals with experience of depression and suicidal thoughts on an audience with depressive symptoms: Randomized controlled trial
    Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 2019
    Co-Authors: Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Benedikt Till

    Abstract:

    Abstract Background and objective Suicide prevention plans support individuals with personal experience of mental disorders and suicidality to provide their narratives of coping in the media. The evidence how such portrayals impact on individuals with similar symptoms is limited and there are concerns about unwanted side effects. Methods This was a double-blinded randomized controlled online trial conducted from August to November 2018. N = 158 young adults aged 18–24 with current depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts were randomized to watch a short film featuring a young individual with personal experience of depression and suicidality (n = 81), or a thematically unrelated control film (n = 77) with similar stylistic elements. Questionnaire data were collected before and immediately after exposure and analysed with ANOVA. The primary outcome was suicidal ideation; secondary outcomes were depressed mood and help-seeking intentions. We also tested the moderating effects of the degree of depressive symptoms on the effects. Results Depressed mood was significantly lower, with small-to medium effect size, in the intervention group compared to the control group (F(1,111) = 4.13, P  Limitations Self-reported variables in an online setting. Conclusions Videos featuring personal experience of coping with depression appear safe for young individuals with similar or higher symptoms of depression and suicidal ideation on the short run, and might have some benefits. Trial registration German Clinical Trial Registry, DRKS00015095 (registration date: 2018-07-16).

  • Effects of Awareness Material on suicide-related knowledge and the intention to provide adequate help to suicidal individuals
    Crisis-the Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 2017
    Co-Authors: Florian Arendt, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Sebastian Scherr, Sabrina Krallmann, Benedikt Till

    Abstract:

    Abstract. Background: Little is known about the impact of educative media reports on the intention to provide help to suicidal individuals and on suicide-related knowledge. Aims: To test whether Material debunking widely shared myths influences knowledge and the intention to provide adequate help to others, and if such information reduces reading enjoyment. Method: A randomized controlled trial was utilized. Participants allocated to the intervention group were exposed to Awareness Material explicitly addressing suicide myths. Results: Analyses show that exposure to printed Awareness Material increased knowledge, which in turn positively influenced intentions to provide help. The inclusion of information regarding suicide myths did not reduce reading enjoyment. Limitations: The Awareness Material used in this study only addressed two suicide myths that were considered to be especially important. Conclusion: Information debunking suicide myths in suicide-related media reports is therefore both feasible and…

  • Predicting Intentions to Read Suicide Awareness Stories. The Role of Depression and Characteristics of the Suicidal Role Model.
    Crisis-the Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 2015
    Co-Authors: Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Florian Arendt, Benedikt Till

    Abstract:

    Abstract. Background: Research on factors that influence the intention to read suicide Awareness Material is lacking. Aims: To identify how social and state similarities between the featured protagonist of a suicide Awareness story and the audience impact on the intent to read similar stories. Method: Laboratory experiment with n = 104 students. Participants were randomly assigned to study groups. In the first group, the role model provided his personal story of crisis and was a student. In the second group, the content was identical but the model was socially dissimilar. The third group read about a topic unrelated to suicide. Depression, identification, and exposure intent were measured after the experiment. Conditional process analysis was carried out. Results: In the group featuring a once-suicidal role model with high social similarity, depression in the audience increased the intention to read similar Material in the future via identification with the role model; 82% of individuals wanted to read si…

Thomas Niederkrotenthaler – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Effects of Awareness Material featuring individuals with experience of depression and suicidal thoughts on an audience with depressive symptoms: Randomized controlled trial
    Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 2019
    Co-Authors: Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Benedikt Till

    Abstract:

    Abstract Background and objective Suicide prevention plans support individuals with personal experience of mental disorders and suicidality to provide their narratives of coping in the media. The evidence how such portrayals impact on individuals with similar symptoms is limited and there are concerns about unwanted side effects. Methods This was a double-blinded randomized controlled online trial conducted from August to November 2018. N = 158 young adults aged 18–24 with current depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts were randomized to watch a short film featuring a young individual with personal experience of depression and suicidality (n = 81), or a thematically unrelated control film (n = 77) with similar stylistic elements. Questionnaire data were collected before and immediately after exposure and analysed with ANOVA. The primary outcome was suicidal ideation; secondary outcomes were depressed mood and help-seeking intentions. We also tested the moderating effects of the degree of depressive symptoms on the effects. Results Depressed mood was significantly lower, with small-to medium effect size, in the intervention group compared to the control group (F(1,111) = 4.13, P  Limitations Self-reported variables in an online setting. Conclusions Videos featuring personal experience of coping with depression appear safe for young individuals with similar or higher symptoms of depression and suicidal ideation on the short run, and might have some benefits. Trial registration German Clinical Trial Registry, DRKS00015095 (registration date: 2018-07-16).

  • Effects of Awareness Material on suicide-related knowledge and the intention to provide adequate help to suicidal individuals
    Crisis-the Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 2017
    Co-Authors: Florian Arendt, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Sebastian Scherr, Sabrina Krallmann, Benedikt Till

    Abstract:

    Abstract. Background: Little is known about the impact of educative media reports on the intention to provide help to suicidal individuals and on suicide-related knowledge. Aims: To test whether Material debunking widely shared myths influences knowledge and the intention to provide adequate help to others, and if such information reduces reading enjoyment. Method: A randomized controlled trial was utilized. Participants allocated to the intervention group were exposed to Awareness Material explicitly addressing suicide myths. Results: Analyses show that exposure to printed Awareness Material increased knowledge, which in turn positively influenced intentions to provide help. The inclusion of information regarding suicide myths did not reduce reading enjoyment. Limitations: The Awareness Material used in this study only addressed two suicide myths that were considered to be especially important. Conclusion: Information debunking suicide myths in suicide-related media reports is therefore both feasible and…

  • Predicting Intentions to Read Suicide Awareness Stories. The Role of Depression and Characteristics of the Suicidal Role Model.
    Crisis-the Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 2015
    Co-Authors: Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Florian Arendt, Benedikt Till

    Abstract:

    Abstract. Background: Research on factors that influence the intention to read suicide Awareness Material is lacking. Aims: To identify how social and state similarities between the featured protagonist of a suicide Awareness story and the audience impact on the intent to read similar stories. Method: Laboratory experiment with n = 104 students. Participants were randomly assigned to study groups. In the first group, the role model provided his personal story of crisis and was a student. In the second group, the content was identical but the model was socially dissimilar. The third group read about a topic unrelated to suicide. Depression, identification, and exposure intent were measured after the experiment. Conditional process analysis was carried out. Results: In the group featuring a once-suicidal role model with high social similarity, depression in the audience increased the intention to read similar Material in the future via identification with the role model; 82% of individuals wanted to read si…