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Biosphere Reserve

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David Vačkář – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Modelling regulating ecosystem services trade-offs across landscape scenarios in Třeboňsko Wetlands Biosphere Reserve, Czech Republic
    Ecological Modelling, 2015
    Co-Authors: Zuzana V. Harmáčková, David Vačkář

    Abstract:

    This study aims to contribute to current discussions on ecosystem-service related decision-making by conducting an assessment of trade-offs between alternative land use scenarios in the Třeboňsko Wetlands Biosphere Reserve, the Czech Republic, in terms of regulating ecosystem services provision. To achieve this, we created three land use change scenarios (Business-as-Usual, Protection, and Exploitation, respectively), based on participation of local stakeholders. Consequently, we evaluated the levels of two vital wetland regulating ecosystem services – climate regulation, and water quality improvement – under each scenario using the InVEST modelling suite, additionally performing an economic assessment for climate regulation. The highest level of climate regulation was achieved under the Protection scenario (5.29% improvement of carbon stocks, with corresponding economic value of 16.6 million EUR). The impact of the Exploitation scenario on climate regulation was the most substantial, with net loss of carbon stocks representing 13.58% decrease in comparison with the current state (40.0 million EUR). The change in water quality in terms of nitrogen discharge ranged between an exacerbation of 7.87% and an improvement of 15.55% among all three scenarios. Our results showed that noticeable trade-offs occur between the scenarios in terms of regulating ecosystem services, which should be accounted for in local landscape conservation decisions. The Třeboňsko Biosphere Reserve has been frequently used as a pilot area for socio-ecological research and we discuss implications of ecosystem services as an integrative concept for the long-term socio-ecological research in this area.

  • Modelling regulating ecosystem services trade-offs across landscape scenarios in Třeboňsko Wetlands Biosphere Reserve, Czech Republic
    Ecological Modelling, 2015
    Co-Authors: Zuzana V. Harmáčková, David Vačkář

    Abstract:

    This study aims to contribute to current discussions on ecosystem-service related decision-making by conducting an assessment of trade-offs between alternative land use scenarios in the Třeboňsko Wetlands Biosphere Reserve, the Czech Republic, in terms of regulating ecosystem services provision. To achieve this, we created three land use change scenarios (Business-as-Usual, Protection, and Exploitation, respectively), based on participation of local stakeholders. Consequently, we evaluated the levels of two vital wetland regulating ecosystem services – climate regulation, and water quality improvement – under each scenario using the InVEST modelling suite, additionally performing an economic assessment for climate regulation. The highest level of climate regulation was achieved under the Protection scenario (5.29% improvement of carbon stocks, with corresponding economic value of 16.6 million EUR). The impact of the Exploitation scenario on climate regulation was the most substantial, with net loss of carbon stocks representing 13.58% decrease in comparison with the current state (40.0 million EUR). The change in water quality in terms of nitrogen discharge ranged between an exacerbation of 7.87% and an improvement of 15.55% among all three scenarios. Our results showed that noticeable trade-offs occur between the scenarios in terms of regulating ecosystem services, which should be accounted for in local landscape conservation decisions. The Třeboňsko Biosphere Reserve has been frequently used as a pilot area for socio-ecological research and we discuss implications of ecosystem services as an integrative concept for the long-term socio-ecological research in this area.

Martin Hansen – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • pharmaceutical residues affecting the unesco Biosphere Reserve kristianstads vattenrike wetlands sources and sinks
    Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2016
    Co-Authors: Erland Bjorklund, Ola Svahn, Soren Alex Bak, Samuel Oppong Bekoe, Martin Hansen

    Abstract:

    This study is the first to investigate the pharmaceutical burden from point sources affecting the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Kristianstads Vattenrike, Sweden. The investigated Biosphere Reserve is a >1000 km2 wetland system with inflows from lakes, rivers, leachate from landfill, and wastewater-treatment plants (WWTPs). We analysed influent and treated wastewater, leachate water, lake, river, and wetland water alongside sediment for six model pharmaceuticals. The two WWTPs investigated released pharmaceutical residues at levels close to those previously observed in Swedish monitoring exercises. Compound-dependent WWTP removal efficiencies ranging from 12 to 100 % for bendroflumethiazide, oxazepam, atenolol, carbamazepine, and diclofenac were observed. Surface-water concentrations in the most affected lake were ≥100 ng/L for the various pharmaceuticals with atenolol showing the highest levels (>300 ng/L). A small risk assessment showed that adverse single-substance toxicity on aquatic organisms within the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve is unlikely. However, the effects of combinations of a large number of known and unknown pharmaceuticals, metals, and nutrients are still unknown.

Zuzana V. Harmáčková – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Modelling regulating ecosystem services trade-offs across landscape scenarios in Třeboňsko Wetlands Biosphere Reserve, Czech Republic
    Ecological Modelling, 2015
    Co-Authors: Zuzana V. Harmáčková, David Vačkář

    Abstract:

    This study aims to contribute to current discussions on ecosystem-service related decision-making by conducting an assessment of trade-offs between alternative land use scenarios in the Třeboňsko Wetlands Biosphere Reserve, the Czech Republic, in terms of regulating ecosystem services provision. To achieve this, we created three land use change scenarios (Business-as-Usual, Protection, and Exploitation, respectively), based on participation of local stakeholders. Consequently, we evaluated the levels of two vital wetland regulating ecosystem services – climate regulation, and water quality improvement – under each scenario using the InVEST modelling suite, additionally performing an economic assessment for climate regulation. The highest level of climate regulation was achieved under the Protection scenario (5.29% improvement of carbon stocks, with corresponding economic value of 16.6 million EUR). The impact of the Exploitation scenario on climate regulation was the most substantial, with net loss of carbon stocks representing 13.58% decrease in comparison with the current state (40.0 million EUR). The change in water quality in terms of nitrogen discharge ranged between an exacerbation of 7.87% and an improvement of 15.55% among all three scenarios. Our results showed that noticeable trade-offs occur between the scenarios in terms of regulating ecosystem services, which should be accounted for in local landscape conservation decisions. The Třeboňsko Biosphere Reserve has been frequently used as a pilot area for socio-ecological research and we discuss implications of ecosystem services as an integrative concept for the long-term socio-ecological research in this area.

  • Modelling regulating ecosystem services trade-offs across landscape scenarios in Třeboňsko Wetlands Biosphere Reserve, Czech Republic
    Ecological Modelling, 2015
    Co-Authors: Zuzana V. Harmáčková, David Vačkář

    Abstract:

    This study aims to contribute to current discussions on ecosystem-service related decision-making by conducting an assessment of trade-offs between alternative land use scenarios in the Třeboňsko Wetlands Biosphere Reserve, the Czech Republic, in terms of regulating ecosystem services provision. To achieve this, we created three land use change scenarios (Business-as-Usual, Protection, and Exploitation, respectively), based on participation of local stakeholders. Consequently, we evaluated the levels of two vital wetland regulating ecosystem services – climate regulation, and water quality improvement – under each scenario using the InVEST modelling suite, additionally performing an economic assessment for climate regulation. The highest level of climate regulation was achieved under the Protection scenario (5.29% improvement of carbon stocks, with corresponding economic value of 16.6 million EUR). The impact of the Exploitation scenario on climate regulation was the most substantial, with net loss of carbon stocks representing 13.58% decrease in comparison with the current state (40.0 million EUR). The change in water quality in terms of nitrogen discharge ranged between an exacerbation of 7.87% and an improvement of 15.55% among all three scenarios. Our results showed that noticeable trade-offs occur between the scenarios in terms of regulating ecosystem services, which should be accounted for in local landscape conservation decisions. The Třeboňsko Biosphere Reserve has been frequently used as a pilot area for socio-ecological research and we discuss implications of ecosystem services as an integrative concept for the long-term socio-ecological research in this area.