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Caco-2

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Thomas Y – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • mechanism of il 1β induced increase in intestinal epithelial tight junction permeability
    Journal of Immunology, 2008
    Co-Authors: Rana Alsadi, Dongmei Ye, Karol Dokladny, Thomas Y

    Abstract:

    The IL-1β-induced increase in intestinal epithelial tight junction (TJ) permeability has been postulated to be an important mechanism contributing to intestinal inflammation of Crohn’s disease and other inflammatory conditions of the gut. The intracellular and molecular mechanisms that mediate the IL-1β-induced increase in intestinal TJ permeability remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms that mediate the IL-1β-induced increase in intestinal TJ permeability. Specifically, the role of myosin L chain kinase (MLCK) was investigated. IL-1β caused a progressive increase in MLCK protein expression. The time course of IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK level correlated linearly with increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. Inhibition of the IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK protein expression prevented the increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. Inhibition of the IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK activity also prevented the increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. Additionally, knock-down of MLCK protein expression by small interference RNA prevented the IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. The IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK protein expression was preceded by an increase in MLCK mRNA expression. The IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK mRNA transcription and subsequent increase in MLCK protein expression and Caco-2 TJ permeability was mediated by activation of NF-κB. In conclusion, our data indicate that the IL-1β increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability was mediated by an increase in MLCK expression and activity. Our findings also indicate that the IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK protein expression and Caco-2 TJ permeability was mediated by an NF-κB-dependent increase in MLCK gene transcription.

  • il 1β causes an increase in intestinal epithelial tight junction permeability
    Journal of Immunology, 2007
    Co-Authors: Rana Alsadi, Thomas Y

    Abstract:

    IL-1β is a prototypical proinflammatory cytokine that plays a central role in the intestinal inflammation amplification cascade. Recent studies have indicated that a TNF-α- and IFN-γ-induced increase in intestinal epithelial paracellular permeability may be an important mechanism contributing to intestinal inflammation. Despite its central role in promoting intestinal inflammation, the role of IL-1β on intestinal epithelial tight junction (TJ) barrier function remains unclear. The major aims of this study were to determine the effect of IL-1β on intestinal epithelial TJ permeability and to elucidate the mechanisms involved in this process, using a well-established in vitro intestinal epithelial model system consisting of filter-grown Caco-2 intestinal epithelial monolayers. IL-1β (0–100 ng/ml) produced a concentration- and time-dependent decrease in Caco-2 transepithelial resistance. Conversely, IL-1β caused a progressive time-dependent increase in transepithelial permeability to paracellular marker inulin. IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability was accompanied by a rapid activation of NF-κB. NF-κB inhibitors, pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate and curcumin, prevented the IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. To further confirm the role of NF-κB in the IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability, NF-κB p65 expression was silenced by small interfering RNA transfection. NF-κB p65 depletion completely inhibited the IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. IL-1β did not induce apoptosis in the Caco-2 cell. In conclusion, our findings show for the first time that IL-1β at physiologically relevant concentrations causes an increase in intestinal epithelial TJ permeability. The IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability was mediated in part by the activation of NF-κB pathways but not apoptosis.

Rana Alsadi – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • mechanism of il 1β induced increase in intestinal epithelial tight junction permeability
    Journal of Immunology, 2008
    Co-Authors: Rana Alsadi, Dongmei Ye, Karol Dokladny, Thomas Y

    Abstract:

    The IL-1β-induced increase in intestinal epithelial tight junction (TJ) permeability has been postulated to be an important mechanism contributing to intestinal inflammation of Crohn’s disease and other inflammatory conditions of the gut. The intracellular and molecular mechanisms that mediate the IL-1β-induced increase in intestinal TJ permeability remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms that mediate the IL-1β-induced increase in intestinal TJ permeability. Specifically, the role of myosin L chain kinase (MLCK) was investigated. IL-1β caused a progressive increase in MLCK protein expression. The time course of IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK level correlated linearly with increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. Inhibition of the IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK protein expression prevented the increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. Inhibition of the IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK activity also prevented the increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. Additionally, knock-down of MLCK protein expression by small interference RNA prevented the IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. The IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK protein expression was preceded by an increase in MLCK mRNA expression. The IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK mRNA transcription and subsequent increase in MLCK protein expression and Caco-2 TJ permeability was mediated by activation of NF-κB. In conclusion, our data indicate that the IL-1β increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability was mediated by an increase in MLCK expression and activity. Our findings also indicate that the IL-1β-induced increase in MLCK protein expression and Caco-2 TJ permeability was mediated by an NF-κB-dependent increase in MLCK gene transcription.

  • il 1β causes an increase in intestinal epithelial tight junction permeability
    Journal of Immunology, 2007
    Co-Authors: Rana Alsadi, Thomas Y

    Abstract:

    IL-1β is a prototypical proinflammatory cytokine that plays a central role in the intestinal inflammation amplification cascade. Recent studies have indicated that a TNF-α- and IFN-γ-induced increase in intestinal epithelial paracellular permeability may be an important mechanism contributing to intestinal inflammation. Despite its central role in promoting intestinal inflammation, the role of IL-1β on intestinal epithelial tight junction (TJ) barrier function remains unclear. The major aims of this study were to determine the effect of IL-1β on intestinal epithelial TJ permeability and to elucidate the mechanisms involved in this process, using a well-established in vitro intestinal epithelial model system consisting of filter-grown Caco-2 intestinal epithelial monolayers. IL-1β (0–100 ng/ml) produced a concentration- and time-dependent decrease in Caco-2 transepithelial resistance. Conversely, IL-1β caused a progressive time-dependent increase in transepithelial permeability to paracellular marker inulin. IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability was accompanied by a rapid activation of NF-κB. NF-κB inhibitors, pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate and curcumin, prevented the IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. To further confirm the role of NF-κB in the IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability, NF-κB p65 expression was silenced by small interfering RNA transfection. NF-κB p65 depletion completely inhibited the IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability. IL-1β did not induce apoptosis in the Caco-2 cell. In conclusion, our findings show for the first time that IL-1β at physiologically relevant concentrations causes an increase in intestinal epithelial TJ permeability. The IL-1β-induced increase in Caco-2 TJ permeability was mediated in part by the activation of NF-κB pathways but not apoptosis.

Yasufumi Sawada – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Transcellular transport of genistein, a soybean‐derived isoflavone, across human colon carcinoma cell line (Caco‐2)
    Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition, 2020
    Co-Authors: Masataka Oitate, Rie Nakaki, Noriko Koyabu, Hitomi Takanaga, Hirotami Matsuo, Hisakazu Ohtani, Yasufumi Sawada

    Abstract:

    Genistein, a soybean-derived isoflavone, is thought to have an anticarcinogenic action, but little is known about the cellular mechanisms of its intestinal absorption. This study was designed to investigate the absorption mechanisms of genistein using human colon carcinoma cell line, Caco-2 cells. The apical-to-basolateral transcellular transport of genistein across a Caco-2 cell monolayer was significantly greater than that in the opposite direction. An uptake experiment revealed that cellular uptake of genistein by Caco-2 cells was concentrative. The transcellular transport of genistein was saturable and temperature-dependent, and was inhibited by other flavonoids such as rutin, quercetin, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin. These results suggest that genistein is transported across Caco-2 cells by a carrier-mediated system, located on the apical membrane.

  • transcellular transport of genistein a soybean derived isoflavone across human colon carcinoma cell line caco 2
    Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition, 2001
    Co-Authors: Masataka Oitate, Rie Nakaki, Noriko Koyabu, Hitomi Takanaga, Hirotami Matsuo, Hisakazu Ohtani, Yasufumi Sawada

    Abstract:

    Genistein, a soybean-derived isoflavone, is thought to have an anticarcinogenic action, but little is known about the cellular mechanisms of its intestinal absorption. This study was designed to investigate the absorption mechanisms of genistein using human colon carcinoma cell line, Caco-2 cells. The apical-to-basolateral transcellular transport of genistein across a Caco-2 cell monolayer was significantly greater than that in the opposite direction. An uptake experiment revealed that cellular uptake of genistein by Caco-2 cells was concentrative. The transcellular transport of genistein was saturable and temperature-dependent, and was inhibited by other flavonoids such as rutin, quercetin, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin. These results suggest that genistein is transported across Caco-2 cells by a carrier-mediated system, located on the apical membrane.