Serendipity

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Andrew Burtonjones - One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

• with a little help from my friends cultivating Serendipity in online shopping environments
Information & Management, 2019
Co-Authors: Camille Grange, Izak Benbasat, Andrew Burtonjones
Abstract:

Abstract Many important findings and discoveries in science and everyday life are the result of Serendipity, that is, the unanticipated occurrence of happy events such as the finding of valuable information. Consumers are increasingly seeking Serendipity in online shopping, where information clutter and preprogramed recommendation systems can make product choice frustrating or mundane. However, it is notoriously difficult to design online shopping environments that induce it. In this study, we explore how social media affordances such as obtaining access to peer-generated content and being connected to online friends can help create the right conditions for Serendipity in online shopping. We supplement this analysis with an account of two individual factors that are also likely to be instrumental in a shopping context, namely, the intensity of shoppers’ information search and their aversion to risk when faced with a product choice. Our investigation relies on a conceptualization of Serendipity that has two defining elements: unexpectedness and informational value. The results of an experimental study in which we manipulated an online product search environment reveal the superiority of designs that incorporate online friendships, and these results support the positive effects of search effort and risk aversion on Serendipity. This study contributes by developing a theoretical framework for the analysis of Serendipity and by explaining how social commerce, that is, the integration of social media and electronic commerce, can cultivate Serendipity.

• with a little help from my friends cultivating Serendipity in online shopping environments
Social Science Research Network, 2017
Co-Authors: Camille Grange, Izak Benbasat, Andrew Burtonjones
Abstract:

Many important findings and discoveries from science to everyday life are the result of Serendipity, that is, the occurrence and development of events by chance in a happy or beneficial way. Serendipity is increasingly sought for in the domain of online shopping, where informational clutter and predetermined decision support systems can make product discovery a frustrating endeavor, but it is notoriously difficult to design environments that induce it. In this study, we explore how social media affordances (i.e., obtaining access to peer-generated content and being connected to online friends) might contribute to create the appropriate conditions for Serendipity to manifest, and we supplement this analysis with an account of individual factors that are likely to be instrumental (intensity of shoppers’ search behaviors and shoppers’ risk aversion). Our investigation relies on a conceptualization of Serendipity that has two defining elements: unexpectedness and informational value. The results of an experimental study in which we manipulated a product search environment to test the hypotheses reveal the superiority of designs that incorporate online friendships. Overall, this study contributes by offering a theoretical framework for the study of Serendipity and by explaining how the integration of social media and electronic commerce affordances, and thus, social commerce, can cultivate it.

Wei Xue - One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

• Serendipity in dark photon searches
Journal of High Energy Physics, 2018
Co-Authors: Philip Ilten, Yotam Soreq, Mike Williams, Wei Xue
Abstract:

Searches for dark photons provide serendipitous discovery potential for other types of vector particles. We develop a framework for recasting dark photon searches to obtain constraints on more general theories, which includes a data-driven method for determining hadronic decay rates. We demonstrate our approach by deriving constraints on a vector that couples to the B-L current, a leptophobic B boson that couples directly to baryon number and to leptons via B - γ kinetic mixing, and on a vector that mediates a protophobic force. Our approach can easily be generalized to any massive gauge boson with vector couplings to the Standard Model fermions, and software to perform any such recasting is provided at https://gitlab.com/philten/darkcast .

• Serendipity in dark photon searches
arXiv: High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, 2018
Co-Authors: Philip Ilten, Yotam Soreq, Mike Williams, Wei Xue
Abstract:

Searches for dark photons provide serendipitous discovery potential for other types of vector particles. We develop a framework for recasting dark photon searches to obtain constraints on more general theories, which includes a data-driven method for determining hadronic decay rates. We demonstrate our approach by deriving constraints on a vector that couples to the $B\!-\!L$ current, a leptophobic $B$ boson that couples directly to baryon number and to leptons via $B$-$\gamma$ kinetic mixing, and on a vector that mediates a protophobic force. Our approach can easily be generalized to any massive gauge boson with vector couplings to the Standard Model fermions, and software to perform any such recasting is provided at this https URL .

Camille Grange - One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

• with a little help from my friends cultivating Serendipity in online shopping environments
Information & Management, 2019
Co-Authors: Camille Grange, Izak Benbasat, Andrew Burtonjones
Abstract:

Abstract Many important findings and discoveries in science and everyday life are the result of Serendipity, that is, the unanticipated occurrence of happy events such as the finding of valuable information. Consumers are increasingly seeking Serendipity in online shopping, where information clutter and preprogramed recommendation systems can make product choice frustrating or mundane. However, it is notoriously difficult to design online shopping environments that induce it. In this study, we explore how social media affordances such as obtaining access to peer-generated content and being connected to online friends can help create the right conditions for Serendipity in online shopping. We supplement this analysis with an account of two individual factors that are also likely to be instrumental in a shopping context, namely, the intensity of shoppers’ information search and their aversion to risk when faced with a product choice. Our investigation relies on a conceptualization of Serendipity that has two defining elements: unexpectedness and informational value. The results of an experimental study in which we manipulated an online product search environment reveal the superiority of designs that incorporate online friendships, and these results support the positive effects of search effort and risk aversion on Serendipity. This study contributes by developing a theoretical framework for the analysis of Serendipity and by explaining how social commerce, that is, the integration of social media and electronic commerce, can cultivate Serendipity.

• with a little help from my friends cultivating Serendipity in online shopping environments
Social Science Research Network, 2017
Co-Authors: Camille Grange, Izak Benbasat, Andrew Burtonjones
Abstract:

Many important findings and discoveries from science to everyday life are the result of Serendipity, that is, the occurrence and development of events by chance in a happy or beneficial way. Serendipity is increasingly sought for in the domain of online shopping, where informational clutter and predetermined decision support systems can make product discovery a frustrating endeavor, but it is notoriously difficult to design environments that induce it. In this study, we explore how social media affordances (i.e., obtaining access to peer-generated content and being connected to online friends) might contribute to create the appropriate conditions for Serendipity to manifest, and we supplement this analysis with an account of individual factors that are likely to be instrumental (intensity of shoppers’ search behaviors and shoppers’ risk aversion). Our investigation relies on a conceptualization of Serendipity that has two defining elements: unexpectedness and informational value. The results of an experimental study in which we manipulated a product search environment to test the hypotheses reveal the superiority of designs that incorporate online friendships. Overall, this study contributes by offering a theoretical framework for the study of Serendipity and by explaining how the integration of social media and electronic commerce affordances, and thus, social commerce, can cultivate it.

Gerard Awanou - One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

• G.: Finite element differential forms on cubical meshes
2014
Co-Authors: Douglas N. Arnold, Gerard Awanou
Abstract:

Abstract. We develop a family of finite element spaces of differential forms defined on cubical meshes in any number of dimensions. The family contains el-ements of all polynomial degrees and all form degrees. In two dimensions, these include the Serendipity finite elements and the rectangular BDM elements. In three dimensions they include a recent generalization of the Serendipity spaces, and new H(curl) and H(div) finite element spaces. Spaces in the family can be combined to give finite element subcomplexes of the de Rham complex which satisfy the basic hypotheses of the finite element exterior calculus, and hence can be used for stable discretization of a variety of problems. The construction and properties of the spaces are established in a uniform manner using finite element exterior calculus. 1

• The Serendipity Family of Finite Elements
Foundations of Computational Mathematics, 2011
Co-Authors: Douglas N. Arnold, Gerard Awanou
Abstract:

We give a new, simple, dimension-independent definition of the Serendipity finite element family. The shape functions are the span of all monomials which are linear in at least s − r of the variables where s is the degree of the monomial or, equivalently, whose superlinear degree (total degree with respect to variables entering at least quadratically) is at most r . The degrees of freedom are given by moments of degree at most r −2 d on each face of dimension d . We establish unisolvence and a geometric decomposition of the space.

Spiros Batas - One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

• invs and decoding the three roles of social capital with network closure and structure
Co-Authors: Spiros Batas, Tanja Leppaaho, Mahmoud Khalik
Abstract:

The purpose of this article is to examine how the three different roles of social capital, the efficacy, Serendipity and liability roles interact with network closure and structure. We decode the interrelation between strong, weak, formal, informal and intermediary ties and the three roles of social capital in the internationalization process of nine high technology INVs in Greece and Scotland. We found that the efficacy role of social capital is mainly associated with strong and formal ties, the Serendipity role is related to weak, informal and intermediary ties and finally the liability role is associated with weak and formal ties. We also observed that the efficacious role was the most frequent role, whereas the liability role was the least frequent role.

• the role of network relationships and social capital in early and later foreign market entries of high technology invs
2015
Co-Authors: Spiros Batas, Tanja Leppaaho
Abstract:

Social capital and its dynamic nature can offer plausible explanations to the rapid internationalization of International New Ventures (INVs). This paper tries to shed light on the impact of the three roles of social capital, efficacy role, Serendipity role and liability role on international market entries of nine Scottish and Greek high technology INVs. We observed that the efficacious role of social capital occurred more times in both early and later foreign market entries. The liability role had a very limited effect on internationalization. The Serendipity role played an important role in countries with high psychic distance.