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3 Aminopropyltriethoxysilane

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Jeffrey P Youngblood – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Surface Modification of Polymers with 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane as a General Pretreatment for Controlled Wettability
    Macromolecules, 2007
    Co-Authors: John A. Howarter, Jeffrey P Youngblood
    Abstract:

    Various polymer surfaces were analyzed for reactivity toward 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). Results indicate that the method described here is useful as a general surface-selective modification technique for polar polymers such as polyesters, polyamides, polycarbonates, polyimides, cellulosics, polyacrylics, etc. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed an average of 10% silicon and nitrogen atomic concentrations at 75° takeoff for all successfully modified surfaces. The APTES multilayers were subsequently hydrophobized with perfluorinated chlorosilanes giving 40% fluorine atomic concentration by XPS and 120°/90° (advancing/receding) dynamic contact angle averages. APTES modifications were successful in all solvents with the exception of protic solvents. On the basis of these and other observations, a new model for the reaction pathway is proposed. We propose the reaction proceeds by initial APTES adsorption (likely through hydrogen bonding by the amine) to the substrate, lateral bond formatio…

  • Optimization of silica silanization by 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane
    Langmuir, 2006
    Co-Authors: John A. Howarter, Jeffrey P Youngblood
    Abstract:

    Thin films of 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) are commonly used to promote adhesion between silica substrates and organic or metallic materials with applications ranging from advanced composites to biomolecular lab-on-a-chip. Unfortunately, there is confusion as to which reaction conditions will result in consistently aminated surfaces. A wide range of conflicting experimental methods are used with researchers often assuming the creation of smooth self-assembled monolayers. A range of film morphologies based on the film deposition conditions are presented here to establish an optimized method of APTES film formation. The effect of reaction temperature, solution concentration, and reaction time on the structure and morphology was studied for the system of APTES on silica. Three basic morphologies were observed: smooth thin film, smooth thick film, and roughened thick film.

Masahiro Tatsumisago – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • proton conductive inorganic organic hybrid membranes prepared from 3 Aminopropyltriethoxysilane and phosphoric acid by the sol gel method
    Solid State Ionics, 2008
    Co-Authors: Teruaki Tezuka, Kiyoharu Tadanaga, Akitoshi Hayashi, Masahiro Tatsumisago
    Abstract:

    Abstract Proton conductive inorganic–organic hybrid membranes with acid–base pairs have been prepared from 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane and phosphoric acid by the sol–gel method. The self-standing membranes obtained are represented as poly(3-aminopropylsilsesquioxane)-H3PO4 (PAPS–H3PO4) membranes. Infrared absorption spectra of the PAPS–H3PO4 films showed that amino groups of PAPS were protonated by phosphoric acid, indicating the formation of acid–base pairs. X-ray diffraction patterns of the PAPS–H3PO4 membranes showed diffraction peaks attributed to hexagonal structure, which is probably formed by stacking of rodlike polysiloxane with the acid–base pairs extruded outside. The conductivities of the PAPS–H3PO4 membranes with a molar ratio of H3PO4/APTES = 1.0 was 4 × 10− 4 S cm− 1 at 150 °C under dry condition.

  • inorganic organic hybrid membranes prepared from 3 Aminopropyltriethoxysilane and sulfuric acid as anhydrous proton conductors
    Solid State Ionics, 2007
    Co-Authors: Teruaki Tezuka, Kiyoharu Tadanaga, Akitoshi Hayashi, Masahiro Tatsumisago
    Abstract:

    Abstract We have prepared novel proton conducting inorganic–organic hybrid membranes from 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and H 2 SO 4 by the sol–gel method. The resulting poly(3-aminopropylsilsesquioxane sulfate or hydrogensulfate) (PAPS-SO 4 /-HSO 4 ) membranes were thermally stable up to 300 °C. From the results of IR spectra, it was confirmed that sulfuric acids in the membranes react with amino groups of PAPS to form ion complexes. XRD patterns of the PAPS-SO 4 /-HSO 4 membranes showed diffraction peaks assigned to hexagonal structure, which is probably formed by stacking of rodlike polysiloxanes with the ion complexes extruded outside. The PAPS-SO 4 /-HSO 4 membranes with a molar ratio of H 2 SO 4 /APTES = 1.0 showed high proton conductivities of 2 × 10 − 3  S cm − 1 at 200 °C under dry condition.

  • Inorganic-organic hybrid membranes with anhydrous proton conduction prepared from 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane and sulfuric acid by the sol-gel method.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2006
    Co-Authors: Teruaki Tezuka, Kiyoharu Tadanaga, And Akitoshi Hayashi, Masahiro Tatsumisago
    Abstract:

    Inorganic−organic hybrid membranes with anhydrous proton conduction were prepared from 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane and H2SO4 by the sol−gel method. The membrane has a unique structure:  a hexagonal phase formed by the stacking of rodlike polysiloxanes with ion complexes of ammonium groups and HSO4- extruded outside. The membranes showed high conductivity of 2 × 10-3 S cm-1 at 200 °C under dry atmosphere. In the membrane, protons probably migrate through the outside of the rodlike polysiloxanes along hydrogen-bond chains formed among HSO4- anions.

John A. Howarter – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Surface Modification of Polymers with 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane as a General Pretreatment for Controlled Wettability
    Macromolecules, 2007
    Co-Authors: John A. Howarter, Jeffrey P Youngblood
    Abstract:

    Various polymer surfaces were analyzed for reactivity toward 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). Results indicate that the method described here is useful as a general surface-selective modification technique for polar polymers such as polyesters, polyamides, polycarbonates, polyimides, cellulosics, polyacrylics, etc. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed an average of 10% silicon and nitrogen atomic concentrations at 75° takeoff for all successfully modified surfaces. The APTES multilayers were subsequently hydrophobized with perfluorinated chlorosilanes giving 40% fluorine atomic concentration by XPS and 120°/90° (advancing/receding) dynamic contact angle averages. APTES modifications were successful in all solvents with the exception of protic solvents. On the basis of these and other observations, a new model for the reaction pathway is proposed. We propose the reaction proceeds by initial APTES adsorption (likely through hydrogen bonding by the amine) to the substrate, lateral bond formatio…

  • Optimization of silica silanization by 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane
    Langmuir, 2006
    Co-Authors: John A. Howarter, Jeffrey P Youngblood
    Abstract:

    Thin films of 3Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) are commonly used to promote adhesion between silica substrates and organic or metallic materials with applications ranging from advanced composites to biomolecular lab-on-a-chip. Unfortunately, there is confusion as to which reaction conditions will result in consistently aminated surfaces. A wide range of conflicting experimental methods are used with researchers often assuming the creation of smooth self-assembled monolayers. A range of film morphologies based on the film deposition conditions are presented here to establish an optimized method of APTES film formation. The effect of reaction temperature, solution concentration, and reaction time on the structure and morphology was studied for the system of APTES on silica. Three basic morphologies were observed: smooth thin film, smooth thick film, and roughened thick film.