Scan Science and Technology
Contact Leading Edge Experts & Companies
Ab Initio Calculation
The Experts below are selected from a list of 297 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform
Qing Liu – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

FTIR spectroscopy combined with DFT Calculation to explore solvent effects of vinyl acetate.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 2014CoAuthors: Yi Chen, Hui Zhang, Qing LiuAbstract:The infrared vibration frequencies of vinyl acetacetate (VAc) in 18 different solvents were theoretically computed at Density Function Theory (DFT) B3LYP/6311G(*) level based on PolarizAble Continuum Model (PCM) and experimentally recorded by FTIR specspectroscopy. The solventinduced longrange bulk electrostatic solvation free energies of VAc (ΔGelec) were calculated by the SMD model. The C=O stretching vibrvibration frequencies of VAc were utilized as a measure of the chemical reactivities of the CC group in VAc. The calculated and experimental C=O stretching vibrvibration frequencies of VAc (νcal(C=O) and νexp(C=O)) were correlated with empirical solvent parameters including the KBM equation, the Swain equation and the linear solvation energy relationships (LSER). Through Ab Initio Calculation, assignments of the two C=O Absorption bands of VAc in alcohol solvents were achieved. The PCM, SMD and Ab Initio Calculation offered supporting evidence to explain the FTIR experimental observations from differing aspects.

FTIR spectroscopy and DFT Calculation study on the solvent effects of benzaldehyde in organic solvents.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 2012CoAuthors: Yi Li, Hui Zhang, Qing LiuAbstract:FTIR spectra of benzaldehyde in 11 different organic solvents were recorded and analyzed. The density funcfunctional theory (DFT) B3LYP/631G* method was chosen to calculate the infrared spectrum of benzaldehyde in gaseous state. The electrostatic effects of different solvents in benzaldehyde solutions were calculated using DFT with the selfconsistent isodensity polarizAble continuum model (SCIPCM). Two remarkAble carbonyl (C=O) peaks of benzaldehyde were observed by FTIR in alcohol solvents, which were caused by different hydrogen bond species and explained by Ab Initio Calculation. The results showed that the combination of SCIPCM model and Ab Initio Calculation could give excellent agreements with FTIR spectra of title compound in solutions.
J Robertson – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

Ab Initio Calculation of electron affinities of diamond surfaces
Physical Review B, 1998CoAuthors: Michael J. Rutter, J RobertsonAbstract:The electron affiaffinity (EA) of various terminations of diamond surfaces has been calculated by the Ab Initio pseudopotential method. The bare, reconstructed (100) and (111) surfaces are found to have positive EA’s of 0.5 and 0.35 eV, respectively. The hydrogenterminated surfaces $1\ifmmode\times\else\texttimes\fi{}1(100):2\mathrm{H}$, $2\ifmmode\times\else\texttimes\fi{}1(100):\mathrm{H}$, and (111):H have sizAble negative EA’s of order $\ensuremath{}$2.4, $\ensuremath{}$2.0, and $\ensuremath{}$2.0 eV, respectively. A symmetrical canting was found to be the most stAble geometry for the $1\ifmmode\times\else\texttimes\fi{}1(100):2\mathrm{H}$ surface. The oxygenterminated surfaces have positive affinities of +2.6 eV for the more stAble ether configuration, while the OH termination has a negative EA. The various values can be understood in terms of the surface dipole of the terminating bond.

Ab Initio Calculation of electron affinities of diamond surfaces
Computational Materials Science, 1998CoAuthors: Michael J. Rutter, J RobertsonAbstract:Abstract Diamond surfaces combine chemical inertness with, in some cases, a negative electron affiaffinity. Such surfaces have great potential for use on cold cathodes in flat displays. We present Ab Initio plane wave electronic structure Calculations which enAble us to predict the electron affinities of many different diamond surfaces with various terminations and reconstructions. Such Calculations give good accuracy and enAble the study of perfect surfaces with a range of terminating species so that the effect of the passifying layer can be readily seen. Results for the (1 0 0) and (1 1 1) surfaces will be presented, giving a range of surfaces more comprehensive than previously published. We find that the electron affiaffinity varies by over 5.5 V between oxygen and hydrogen coverings, and that this magnitude of variation can be understood as simply a rising from surface dipoles as polarised covalent bonds would be expected to produce. A brief discussion of some of the technical points of performing such a Calculation is given, which combines Ab Initio LDA work with experimental results for the band gap for diamond in order to estimate accurately the position of the unoccupied levels.

Ab Initio Calculation of electron affinities of diamond surfaces
Physical Review B, 1998CoAuthors: Michael J. Rutter, J RobertsonAbstract:The electron affiaffinity (EA) of various terminations of surfaces has been calculated by the Ab Initio pseudopotential method. The bare, reconstructed (100) and (111) surfaces are found to have positive EA’s of 0.5 and 0.35 eV, respectively. The hydrogenterminated surfaces
Michael J. Rutter – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

Ab Initio Calculation of electron affinities of diamond surfaces
Physical Review B, 1998CoAuthors: Michael J. Rutter, J RobertsonAbstract:The electron affinity (EA) of various terminations of diamond surfaces has been calculated by the Ab Initio pseudopotential method. The bare, reconstructed (100) and (111) surfaces are found to have positive EA’s of 0.5 and 0.35 eV, respectively. The hydrogenterminated surfaces $1\ifmmode\times\else\texttimes\fi{}1(100):2\mathrm{H}$, $2\ifmmode\times\else\texttimes\fi{}1(100):\mathrm{H}$, and (111):H have sizAble negative EA’s of order $\ensuremath{}$2.4, $\ensuremath{}$2.0, and $\ensuremath{}$2.0 eV, respectively. A symmetrical canting was found to be the most stAble geometry for the $1\ifmmode\times\else\texttimes\fi{}1(100):2\mathrm{H}$ surface. The oxygenterminated surfaces have positive affinities of +2.6 eV for the more stAble ether configuration, while the OH termination has a negative EA. The various values can be understood in terms of the surface dipole of the terminating bond.

Ab Initio Calculation of electron affinities of diamond surfaces
Computational Materials Science, 1998CoAuthors: Michael J. Rutter, J RobertsonAbstract:Abstract Diamond surfaces combine chemical inertness with, in some cases, a negative electron affinity. Such surfaces have great potential for use on cold cathodes in flat displays. We present Ab Initio plane wave electronic structure Calculations which enAble us to predict the electron affinities of many different diamond surfaces with various terminations and reconstructions. Such Calculations give good accuracy and enAble the study of perfect surfaces with a range of terminating species so that the effect of the passifying layer can be readily seen. Results for the (1 0 0) and (1 1 1) surfaces will be presented, giving a range of surfaces more comprehensive than previously published. We find that the electron affinity varies by over 5.5 V between oxygen and hydrogen coverings, and that this magnitude of variation can be understood as simply a rising from surface dipoles as polarised covalent bonds would be expected to produce. A brief discussion of some of the technical points of performing such a Calculation is given, which combines Ab Initio LDA work with experimental results for the band gap for diamond in order to estimate accurately the position of the unoccupied levels.

Ab Initio Calculation of electron affinities of diamond surfaces
Physical Review B, 1998CoAuthors: Michael J. Rutter, J RobertsonAbstract:The electron affinity (EA) of various terminations of surfaces has been calculated by the Ab Initio pseudopotential method. The bare, reconstructed (100) and (111) surfaces are found to have positive EA’s of 0.5 and 0.35 eV, respectively. The hydrogenterminated surfaces
Eite Tiesinga – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

Ab Initio Calculation of the KRb dipole moments
Phys. Rev. A, 2003CoAuthors: S Kotochigova, Paul S. Julienne, Eite TiesingaAbstract:The relativistic configuration interaction valencebond method has\nbeen used to calculate permanent and transition electric dipodipole moments\nof the KRb heteronuclear molecule as a function of internuclear separation.\nThe permanent dipole moment of the groundstate X 1?+ potential is\nfound to be 0.30(2) ea0 at the equilibrium internuclear separation\nwith excess negative charge on the potassium atom. For the a 3?+\npotential the dipole moment is an order of smaller magnitude (1 ea0=8.47835\n1030 Cm). In addition, we calculate transition dipole moments between\nthe two groundstate and excitedstate potentials that dissociate\nto the K(4s)+Rb(5p) limits. Using this data we propose a way to produce\nsinglet X 1?+ KRb molecules by a twophoton Raman process starting\nfrom an ultracold mixture of doubly spinpolarized ground state K\nand Rb atoms. This Raman process is only allowed due to relativistic\nspinorbit couplings and the Absence of geradeungerade selection\nrules in heteronuclear dimers.

\textit{Ab Initio} Calculation of the KRb dipole moments
Physical Review A, 2003CoAuthors: S Kotochigova, Paul S. Julienne, Eite TiesingaAbstract:The relativistic configuration interaction valencebond method has been used to calculate permanent and transition electric dipodipole moments of the KRb heteronuclear molecule as a function of internuclear separation. The permanent dipole moment of the groundstate X1Σ+ potential is found to be 0.30(2) ea0 at the equilibrium internuclear separation with excess negative charge on the potassium atom. For the a3Σ+ potential the dipole moment is an order of smaller magnitude (1 ea0=8.478351030Cm). In addition, we calculate transition dipole moments between the two groundstate and excitedstate potentials that dissociate to the K(4s)+Rb(5p) limits. Using this data we propose a way to produce singlet X1Σ+ KRb molecules by a twophoton Raman process starting from an ultracold mixture of doubly spinpolarized ground state K and Rb atoms. This Raman process is only allowed due to relativistic spinorbit couplings and the Absence of geradeungerade selection rules in heteronuclear dimers.
J.w. Jiang – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

Systematic Investigation of Nitrile Based Ionic Liquids for CO2 Capture: A Combination of Molecular Simulation and Ab Initio Calculation
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2014CoAuthors: K. M. Gupta, J.w. JiangAbstract:Molecular simulation and Ab Initio Calculation are performed to investigate CO2 capture in four nitrile (?CN) based ionic liquids (ILs), namely 1nbutyl3methylimidazolium thiocyanate [BMIM][SCN], 1nbutyl3methylimidazolium dicyanamide [BMIM][N(CN)2], 1nbutyl3methylimidazolium tricyanomethane [BMIM][C(CN)3], and 1nbutyl3methylimidazolium tetracyanoborate [BMIM][B(CN)4]. In neat ILs, the simulated densities match well with experimental data, and the cation?anion interaction becomes weaker with increasing number of ?CN. In CO2/IL systems, CO2 molecules are preferentially located at the CO2/IL interface, which is consistent with the observed minimum in the potential of mean force. The solubility and diffusivity of CO2 in the four ILs increase as [BMIM][SCN] < [BMIM][N(CN)2] < [BMIM][C(CN)3] < [BMIM][B(CN)4], thus increasing number of ?CN is beneficial for CO2 capture. CO2 solubility is identified to be governed by the binding energy of cation?anion, rather than the binding energy of CO2?anion. The computational study provides quantitative microscopic insight into the role of ?CN in CO2 sorption and diffusion, and it suggests that [BMIM][B(CN)4] might be an interesting candidate for CO2 capture.

Functionalized metalorganic framework MIL101 for CO2 capture: multiscale modeling from Ab Initio Calculation and molecular simulation to breakthrough prediction
Crystengcomm, 2013CoAuthors: Kang Zhang, Y. F Chen, Anjaiah Nalaparaju, J.w. JiangAbstract:By synergizing Ab Initio Calculation, molecular simulation and breakthrough prediction, we investigate CO2 capture in metalorganic framework MIL101 functionalized by a series of groups (NH2, CH3, Cl, NO2 and CN). CO2 uptake and isosteric heat in a lowpressure regime increase in the order of MIL101 < MIL101CN < MIL101NO2 < MIL101Cl < MIL101CH3 < MIL101NH2. This order follows the strength of the binding energies between CO2 and the functional groups. However, the effect of the functional groups is marginal for N2 adsorption. In terms of the separation of a CO2/N2 mixture, CO2/N2 selectivity is enhanced by functionalization following the order of MIL101 < MIL101CN < MIL101CH3 < MIL101NO2 < MIL101Cl < MIL101NH2. At an infinite dilution, the enhancement of CO2/N2 selectivity is 2.5 times. The predicted breakthrough time is extended by functionalization, and the longest breakthrough time in MIL101NH2 is 2 times that in MIL101. Furthermore, the working capacity of CO2 increases by approximately 40%. This multiscale modeling study suggests that CO2 capture in MIL101 can be considerAbly improved by functionalization, in terms of CO2 capacity, CO2/N2 selectivity, breakthrough time and working capacity.