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Actual Molar

The Experts below are selected from a list of 105 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform

Sibudjing Kawi – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • ni and or ni cu alloys supported over sio2 catalysts synthesized via phyllosilicate structures for steam reforming of biomass tar reaction
    Catalysis Science & Technology, 2015
    Co-Authors: Jangam Ashok, Yasotha Kathiraser, Sibudjing Kawi

    Abstract:

    In this paper, we describe the synthesis of Ni/SiO2 and Ni–Cu/SiO2 catalysts derived from phyllosilicate structures (Ni/SiO2P and Ni–Cu/SiO2P, respectively) for steam reforming of biomass tar reaction. The steam reforming of biomass tar reaction was investigated with cellulose as a biomass model compound. The influence of steam-to-carbon ratio and reaction temperatures was also explored. Overall, the catalysts synthesized via phyllosilicate structures gave better catalytic performance than the catalysts prepared by the impregnation method. An optimum catalyst composition of 30Ni–5Cu/SiO2P gave superior catalytic performance in terms of stability and activity compared to all other catalysts. At 600 °C, about 78% of biomass was converted to gaseous products over 30Ni–5Cu/SiO2P, which is the highest among all the catalysts tested. Temperature-programmed reduction results indicate that the metal–support interaction of Ni/SiO2P catalyst prepared via phyllosilicate structures is stronger due to the unique layered structure compared to that prepared by conventional impregnation (10Ni/SiO2). The formation of a unique layered structure in Ni/SiO2P and Ni–Cu/SiO2P was also confirmed through TEM analysis. The surface elemental composition results obtained from XPS analysis show that the Cu/Ni surface Molar ratio for Ni–Cu/SiO2P catalysts is consistent with the Actual Molar ratio values obtained from SEM-EDX analysis. This result suggests that the bimetallic catalysts synthesized via the phyllosilicate structure route can yield uniformly distributed alloy species.

  • Ni and/or Ni–Cu alloys supported over SiO2 catalysts synthesized via phyllosilicate structures for steam reforming of biomass tar reaction
    Catalysis Science & Technology, 2015
    Co-Authors: Jangam Ashok, Yasotha Kathiraser, Sibudjing Kawi

    Abstract:

    In this paper, we describe the synthesis of Ni/SiO2 and Ni–Cu/SiO2 catalysts derived from phyllosilicate structures (Ni/SiO2P and Ni–Cu/SiO2P, respectively) for steam reforming of biomass tar reaction. The steam reforming of biomass tar reaction was investigated with cellulose as a biomass model compound. The influence of steam-to-carbon ratio and reaction temperatures was also explored. Overall, the catalysts synthesized via phyllosilicate structures gave better catalytic performance than the catalysts prepared by the impregnation method. An optimum catalyst composition of 30Ni–5Cu/SiO2P gave superior catalytic performance in terms of stability and activity compared to all other catalysts. At 600 °C, about 78% of biomass was converted to gaseous products over 30Ni–5Cu/SiO2P, which is the highest among all the catalysts tested. Temperature-programmed reduction results indicate that the metal–support interaction of Ni/SiO2P catalyst prepared via phyllosilicate structures is stronger due to the unique layered structure compared to that prepared by conventional impregnation (10Ni/SiO2). The formation of a unique layered structure in Ni/SiO2P and Ni–Cu/SiO2P was also confirmed through TEM analysis. The surface elemental composition results obtained from XPS analysis show that the Cu/Ni surface Molar ratio for Ni–Cu/SiO2P catalysts is consistent with the Actual Molar ratio values obtained from SEM-EDX analysis. This result suggests that the bimetallic catalysts synthesized via the phyllosilicate structure route can yield uniformly distributed alloy species.

Yizhak Marcus – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • On the surface tension of room temperature ionic liquids
    Fluid Phase Equilibria, 2017
    Co-Authors: Yizhak Marcus

    Abstract:

    Abstract Following previous workers, the surface tension of room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) is shown to depend reciprocally on the surface area of the void space in the RTILs. The void space in liquids in general and in RTILs in particular can be expressed in several manners. The fraction of free space in RTILs can be estimated well and most simply from their Actual Molar volumes and the ionic volumes of the constituting ions. The temperature dependence of the surface tension is explored and shown to be essentially independent on the natures of the RTILs.

  • Ionic and Molar volumes of room temperature ionic liquids
    Journal of Molecular Liquids, 2015
    Co-Authors: Yizhak Marcus

    Abstract:

    Abstract A large set of ionic volumes of the constituent ions of a variety of (non-protic) RTILs is used for the estimation of their Molar volumes, hence their densities, at various temperatures by means of two fitting parameters only. The difference between the sum of the ionic volumes of the cation and the anion per mole and the Actual Molar volume is ascribed to the expansion of the RTIL on melting.

Jangam Ashok – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • ni and or ni cu alloys supported over sio2 catalysts synthesized via phyllosilicate structures for steam reforming of biomass tar reaction
    Catalysis Science & Technology, 2015
    Co-Authors: Jangam Ashok, Yasotha Kathiraser, Sibudjing Kawi

    Abstract:

    In this paper, we describe the synthesis of Ni/SiO2 and Ni–Cu/SiO2 catalysts derived from phyllosilicate structures (Ni/SiO2P and Ni–Cu/SiO2P, respectively) for steam reforming of biomass tar reaction. The steam reforming of biomass tar reaction was investigated with cellulose as a biomass model compound. The influence of steam-to-carbon ratio and reaction temperatures was also explored. Overall, the catalysts synthesized via phyllosilicate structures gave better catalytic performance than the catalysts prepared by the impregnation method. An optimum catalyst composition of 30Ni–5Cu/SiO2P gave superior catalytic performance in terms of stability and activity compared to all other catalysts. At 600 °C, about 78% of biomass was converted to gaseous products over 30Ni–5Cu/SiO2P, which is the highest among all the catalysts tested. Temperature-programmed reduction results indicate that the metal–support interaction of Ni/SiO2P catalyst prepared via phyllosilicate structures is stronger due to the unique layered structure compared to that prepared by conventional impregnation (10Ni/SiO2). The formation of a unique layered structure in Ni/SiO2P and Ni–Cu/SiO2P was also confirmed through TEM analysis. The surface elemental composition results obtained from XPS analysis show that the Cu/Ni surface Molar ratio for Ni–Cu/SiO2P catalysts is consistent with the Actual Molar ratio values obtained from SEM-EDX analysis. This result suggests that the bimetallic catalysts synthesized via the phyllosilicate structure route can yield uniformly distributed alloy species.

  • Ni and/or Ni–Cu alloys supported over SiO2 catalysts synthesized via phyllosilicate structures for steam reforming of biomass tar reaction
    Catalysis Science & Technology, 2015
    Co-Authors: Jangam Ashok, Yasotha Kathiraser, Sibudjing Kawi

    Abstract:

    In this paper, we describe the synthesis of Ni/SiO2 and Ni–Cu/SiO2 catalysts derived from phyllosilicate structures (Ni/SiO2P and Ni–Cu/SiO2P, respectively) for steam reforming of biomass tar reaction. The steam reforming of biomass tar reaction was investigated with cellulose as a biomass model compound. The influence of steam-to-carbon ratio and reaction temperatures was also explored. Overall, the catalysts synthesized via phyllosilicate structures gave better catalytic performance than the catalysts prepared by the impregnation method. An optimum catalyst composition of 30Ni–5Cu/SiO2P gave superior catalytic performance in terms of stability and activity compared to all other catalysts. At 600 °C, about 78% of biomass was converted to gaseous products over 30Ni–5Cu/SiO2P, which is the highest among all the catalysts tested. Temperature-programmed reduction results indicate that the metal–support interaction of Ni/SiO2P catalyst prepared via phyllosilicate structures is stronger due to the unique layered structure compared to that prepared by conventional impregnation (10Ni/SiO2). The formation of a unique layered structure in Ni/SiO2P and Ni–Cu/SiO2P was also confirmed through TEM analysis. The surface elemental composition results obtained from XPS analysis show that the Cu/Ni surface Molar ratio for Ni–Cu/SiO2P catalysts is consistent with the Actual Molar ratio values obtained from SEM-EDX analysis. This result suggests that the bimetallic catalysts synthesized via the phyllosilicate structure route can yield uniformly distributed alloy species.