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Addition of Matrix

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Alexander S Rosemurgy – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Addition of Matrix metalloproteinase inhibition to conventional cytotoxic therapy reduces tumor implantation and prolongs survival in a murine model of human pancreatic cancer
    Cancer Research, 2000
    Co-Authors: Alexis Shafii, Emmanuel E Zervos, Alexander S Rosemurgy

    Abstract:

    Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in basement membrane degradation, a critical step in invasion of cancer cells. We have previously shown that MMP inhibition of pancreatic cancers improves survival and decreases MMP production in vivo. The purpose of this study was to determine whether BB-94 was better than cytotoxic therapy and would increase the efficacy of cytotoxic therapy (gemcitabine) in a murine model of human pancreatic cancer. A human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line (HPAC) was injected into the pancreata of BALB/c nu/nu mice. The mice were randomized 7 days after cancer cell injection to receive vehicle control, BB-94, gemcitabine, or gemcitabine and BB-94 until death or sacrifice at 84 days. At necropsy, tumors were harvested, and the relative enzyme activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were determined by gelatin zymography. Active MMP-2 levels in serum were determined using an ELISA technique. Combination treatment with gemcitabine and BB-94 significantly reduced implantation rates and improved survival in mice with documented orthotopic tumors compared with either therapy alone or control. Tumor levels of active and latent MMP-2 were higher than those of MMP-9 in both treated and control mice. There was a significant reduction of tumor MMP-2 activity in mice treated with BB-94, gemcitabine, or gemcitabine and BB-94. Serum levels of active MMP-2 were reduced in all treated groups, with the greatest reduction occurring in mice treated with gemcitabine and BB-94. Combination therapy with gemcitabine and BB-94 reduces cancer implantation and improves survival compared to treatment with BB-94, gemcitabine, or vehicle control alone. MMP production was reduced in all treated groups, reflecting reduced tumor progression, which was particularly seen with combination therapy with gemcitabine and BB-94. This study supports combining MMP inhibition with cytotoxic therapy (gemcitabine) for patients with pancreatic cancer.

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  • Addition of Matrix metalloproteinase inhibition to conventional cytotoxic therapy reduces tumor implantation and prolongs survival in a murine model of human pancreatic cancer.
    Cancer research, 2000
    Co-Authors: Mahmudul Haq, Alexis Shafii, Emmanuel E Zervos, Alexander S Rosemurgy

    Abstract:

    Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in basement membrane degradation, a critical step in invasion of cancer cells. We have previously shown that MMP inhibition of pancreatic cancers improves survival and decreases MMP production in vivo. The purpose of this study was to determine whether BB-94 was better than cytotoxic therapy and would increase the efficacy of cytotoxic therapy (gemcitabine) in a murine model of human pancreatic cancer. A human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line (HPAC) was injected into the pancreata of BALB/c nu/nu mice. The mice were randomized 7 days after cancer cell injection to receive vehicle control, BB-94, gemcitabine, or gemcitabine and BB-94 until death or sacrifice at 84 days. At necropsy, tumors were harvested, and the relative enzyme activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were determined by gelatin zymography. Active MMP-2 levels in serum were determined using an ELISA technique. Combination treatment with gemcitabine and BB-94 significantly reduced implantation rates and improved survival in mice with documented orthotopic tumors compared with either therapy alone or control. Tumor levels of active and latent MMP-2 were higher than those of MMP-9 in both treated and control mice. There was a significant reduction of tumor MMP-2 activity in mice treated with BB-94, gemcitabine, or gemcitabine and BB-94. Serum levels of active MMP-2 were reduced in all treated groups, with the greatest reduction occurring in mice treated with gemcitabine and BB-94. Combination therapy with gemcitabine and BB-94 reduces cancer implantation and improves survival compared to treatment with BB-94, gemcitabine, or vehicle control alone. MMP production was reduced in all treated groups, reflecting reduced tumor progression, which was particularly seen with combination therapy with gemcitabine and BB-94. This study supports combining MMP inhibition with cytotoxic therapy (gemcitabine) for patients with pancreatic cancer.

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Shoujun Xiao – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • electroless plating of silver nanoparticles on porous silicon for laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry
    International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 2009
    Co-Authors: Hong Yan, Shoujun Xiao, Ning Xu, Wenyi Huang, Huanmei Han

    Abstract:

    An improved DIOS (desorption ionization on porous silicon) method for laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (LDI MS) by electroless plating of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on porous silicon (PSi) was developed. By Addition of 4-aminothiophenol (4-ATP) into the AgNO3 plating solution, the plating speed can be slowed down and simultaneously 4-ATP self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on AgNPs (4-ATP/AgNPs) were formed. Both AgNPs and 4-ATP/AgNPs coated PSi substrates present much higher stability, sensitivity and reproducibility for LDI MS than the un-treated porous silicon ones. Their shelf life in air was tested for several weeks to a month and their mass spectra still displayed the same high quality and sensitivity as the freshly prepared ones. And more 4-ATP SAMs partly play a role of Matrix to increase the ionization efficiency. A small organic molecule of tetrapyridinporphyrin (TPyP), oligomers of polyethylene glycol (PEG 400 and 2300), and a peptide of oxytocin were used as examples to demonstrate the feasibility of the silver-plated PSi as a Matrix-free-like method for LDI MS. This approach can obtain limits of detection to femtomoles for TPyP, subpicomoles for oxytocin, and picomoles for PEG 400 and 2300, comparable to the traditional Matrix method and much better than the DIOS method. It simplifies the sample preparation as a Matrix-free-like method without Addition of Matrix molecules and homogenizes the sample spread over the spot for better and more even mass signals.

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Alexis Shafii – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Addition of Matrix metalloproteinase inhibition to conventional cytotoxic therapy reduces tumor implantation and prolongs survival in a murine model of human pancreatic cancer
    Cancer Research, 2000
    Co-Authors: Alexis Shafii, Emmanuel E Zervos, Alexander S Rosemurgy

    Abstract:

    Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in basement membrane degradation, a critical step in invasion of cancer cells. We have previously shown that MMP inhibition of pancreatic cancers improves survival and decreases MMP production in vivo. The purpose of this study was to determine whether BB-94 was better than cytotoxic therapy and would increase the efficacy of cytotoxic therapy (gemcitabine) in a murine model of human pancreatic cancer. A human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line (HPAC) was injected into the pancreata of BALB/c nu/nu mice. The mice were randomized 7 days after cancer cell injection to receive vehicle control, BB-94, gemcitabine, or gemcitabine and BB-94 until death or sacrifice at 84 days. At necropsy, tumors were harvested, and the relative enzyme activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were determined by gelatin zymography. Active MMP-2 levels in serum were determined using an ELISA technique. Combination treatment with gemcitabine and BB-94 significantly reduced implantation rates and improved survival in mice with documented orthotopic tumors compared with either therapy alone or control. Tumor levels of active and latent MMP-2 were higher than those of MMP-9 in both treated and control mice. There was a significant reduction of tumor MMP-2 activity in mice treated with BB-94, gemcitabine, or gemcitabine and BB-94. Serum levels of active MMP-2 were reduced in all treated groups, with the greatest reduction occurring in mice treated with gemcitabine and BB-94. Combination therapy with gemcitabine and BB-94 reduces cancer implantation and improves survival compared to treatment with BB-94, gemcitabine, or vehicle control alone. MMP production was reduced in all treated groups, reflecting reduced tumor progression, which was particularly seen with combination therapy with gemcitabine and BB-94. This study supports combining MMP inhibition with cytotoxic therapy (gemcitabine) for patients with pancreatic cancer.

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  • Addition of Matrix metalloproteinase inhibition to conventional cytotoxic therapy reduces tumor implantation and prolongs survival in a murine model of human pancreatic cancer.
    Cancer research, 2000
    Co-Authors: Mahmudul Haq, Alexis Shafii, Emmanuel E Zervos, Alexander S Rosemurgy

    Abstract:

    Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in basement membrane degradation, a critical step in invasion of cancer cells. We have previously shown that MMP inhibition of pancreatic cancers improves survival and decreases MMP production in vivo. The purpose of this study was to determine whether BB-94 was better than cytotoxic therapy and would increase the efficacy of cytotoxic therapy (gemcitabine) in a murine model of human pancreatic cancer. A human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line (HPAC) was injected into the pancreata of BALB/c nu/nu mice. The mice were randomized 7 days after cancer cell injection to receive vehicle control, BB-94, gemcitabine, or gemcitabine and BB-94 until death or sacrifice at 84 days. At necropsy, tumors were harvested, and the relative enzyme activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were determined by gelatin zymography. Active MMP-2 levels in serum were determined using an ELISA technique. Combination treatment with gemcitabine and BB-94 significantly reduced implantation rates and improved survival in mice with documented orthotopic tumors compared with either therapy alone or control. Tumor levels of active and latent MMP-2 were higher than those of MMP-9 in both treated and control mice. There was a significant reduction of tumor MMP-2 activity in mice treated with BB-94, gemcitabine, or gemcitabine and BB-94. Serum levels of active MMP-2 were reduced in all treated groups, with the greatest reduction occurring in mice treated with gemcitabine and BB-94. Combination therapy with gemcitabine and BB-94 reduces cancer implantation and improves survival compared to treatment with BB-94, gemcitabine, or vehicle control alone. MMP production was reduced in all treated groups, reflecting reduced tumor progression, which was particularly seen with combination therapy with gemcitabine and BB-94. This study supports combining MMP inhibition with cytotoxic therapy (gemcitabine) for patients with pancreatic cancer.

    Free Register to Access Article