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Bart Elias – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Securing General Aviation
    , 2010
    Co-Authors: Bart Elias

    Abstract : General aviation (GA)–a catch-all category that includes about 54% of all civilian aviation activity within the United States–encompasses a wide range of Airports, Aircraft, and flight operations. Because GA plays a small but important role in the U.S. economy, improving upon GA security without unduly impeding Air Commerce or limiting the freedom of movement by Air remains a significant challenge. However, policymakers have received mixed signals about the relative security risk posed by GA, due to its diversity and a general lack of detailed information regarding the threat and vulnerability of various GA operations. While some recent high-profile breaches of GA security point to persisting vulnerabilities and limited intelligence information suggest a continued terrorist interest in using GA Aircraft, it is evident that GA Airports, Aircraft, and operations vary considerably with regard to security risk. While the small size and slow speed of most GA Aircraft significantly limit the risk they pose, some experts still fear that they could be used as a platform for a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear attack. Certain sectors of GA, such as crop dusters and larger business Aircraft, present more specific risks because of their unique capabilities and Aircraft characteristics.

  • Homeland Security: Protecting Airspace in the National Capital Region
    , 2005
    Co-Authors: Bart Elias

    Abstract : Since September 11 2001, several actions have been taken to monitor and protect the Airspace around Washington, DC. However, many general aviation (GA) interests have protested that extensive Airspace restrictions and complex procedures exceed what is necessary to protect critical assets from possible terrorist attacks using Aircraft. Policymakers have struggled to address Airspace protection needs without unduly impeding Air Commerce or compromising safety. While the administration is currently seeking to make the Airspace restrictions in the National Capital Region permanent, Congress has pushed for an easing of restrictions on GA Aircraft at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA) and nearby GA Airports through legislation and oversight. However, a few high profile Airspace breaches have prompted some in Congress to seek stiffer penalties for violators and mandatory training for pilots (see H.R. 3465). Better pilot training and technologies to improve pilot situational awareness may help curtail inadvertent Airspace violations that complicate surveillance and protection efforts. Further assessment of Airspace design and special flight procedures around Washington, DC, may be undertaken to determine whether an appropriate balance exists between homeland security and defense requirements and Air Commerce and safety. This report will be updated as needed.

Peter P. C. Haanappel – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • The Law and Policy of Air Space and Outer Space: A Comparative Approach
    , 2003
    Co-Authors: Peter P. C. Haanappel

    This is a policy oriented and comparatively oriented textbook on Air and space law for students and practitioners. It covers the history and development of Air and space law; their interrelationships; their relationships with the law of the seas and the law of Antarctica; institutions working in the field of Air and space law; sovereignty in national Airspace; freedom of exploration and use of outer space; public international Air law; penal Air law; private international Air law, especially liability law; and public and private space law. Much attention is devoted to the law of Air Commerce: bilateral Air services agreements; inter-Airline co-operation; the effects of competition, antitrust and European Union law; deregulation, privatisation and commercialisation of Air transport; ownership and control of Airlines, and Airline alliances; multilateralisation of Air transport; and congestion and environmental controls. The last chapter of the book briefly deals with the legal aspects of commercial outer space applications. Increasingly, Air transport, both in fact and in law, is becoming an ordinary industry like any other and is being treated as such. Rapidly, commercial outer space activities are being privatised and commercialised.

Eugene Sochor – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • International Aviation and the Third World: The Politics of Equal Opportunity
    The Politics of International Aviation, 1991
    Co-Authors: Eugene Sochor

    The international system which evolved from the Chicago Convention and was institutionalised in ICAO was meant to protect the sovereign rights of states and assure the safety, regularity and orderly development of civil aviation on the basis of equality of opportunity.1 The principle of national sovereignty over the Airspace is important in the regulatory context because it is at the heart of the regime governing the bilateral negotiation of traffic rights between states. As Ronald Bickley has pointed out, it ensured wide participation in international Air Commerce as states seized the opportunity to develop Air services which complement their national aspirations and their commercial needs.2

G S Mercer – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

Alan P. Dobson – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Forming U.S. International Aviation Policy— December 1941–May 1943
    FDR and Civil Aviation, 2011
    Co-Authors: Alan P. Dobson

    With entry into war, overseas U.S. Air routes and a growing series of Air bases proliferated in response to strategic demands. They were under military wartime management, but their potential for future peacetime use was never overlooked, and eventually, they prompted thoughts about postwar civil aviation. On the domestic front, the system was frozen in place with a CAB announcement on December 12, 1941, that it would not consider applications for new certificates of convenience and necessity. The existing system continued to operate smoothly within the well-established framework established by the 1938 Aeronautics Act, though now subject to overall direction by the secretary of state for war.2 In the war years, the only issues arising for the domestic Airlines concerned their possible entry into international Air Commerce. However, following Pearl Harbor, all civil aviation policy issues were pushed aside. It was not until 1943 that they again came into high-level focus, and then international policy monopolized attention, though to imagine that what began to take shape was policy in the singular would be to ignore the fact that several positions vied for dominance. The problem was that this was largely virgin territory. Past and present practice did not provide adequate guidelines for the future, and conflicting arguments emerged from key figures within the administration, from Congress, and from influential opinion formers about what to do.