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Air Operation

The Experts below are selected from a list of 120 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform

Alexander Dyck – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • demonstrating feasibility of a high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell Operation with natural gas reformate composition
    International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2017
    Co-Authors: Javier F Pinar, Maren Rastedt, Nadine Pilinski, Peter Wagner, Alexander Dyck

    Abstract:

    Abstract Experimental data on the performance of a single cell PBI-based HT-PEMFC operated with a fuel composition similar to natural gas reformate and oxygen enriched cathode Air are presented. A test studying the effect of CO2, H2O and CO in the fuel on fuel cell performance revealed that the presence of CO2 mainly worsens mass transport, H2O improves proton conduction and CO influences reaction kinetics as well as causing mass transport limitations. A small increase of the O2 concentration in the oxidant provided a boost on performance. Electrical efficiency of the fuel cell was improved from 36.6% with H2/Air Operation up to 38.2% with synthetic reformate gas/30% O2 enriched Air. Three 1000 h long-term tests at constant load conditions were performed. The first test showed a degradation rate of −21.4 μV/h and was operated with H2/30% O2. The second test was performed with the same kind of MEA but different fuel composition (54% H2, 15% CO2 and 31% H2O) and exhibited a reduction of the degradation rate to −5.5 μV/h. The main reason for this lifetime improvement is H2O because its transport from anode to cathode may sweep along PA that soaks catalyst active sites and limits HOR. Moreover, water in rich H2 reformate streams also relieves formation of CO from CO2 via RWGS. The third test was performed with a different kind of MEA (extra PTFE content in GDE) but the same fuel composition than the second one. A higher degradation rate of −22.2 μV/h was observed but it was mainly caused by unprotected shut-downs during Operation. Two preliminary long-term tests were also performed with a fuel composition similar to natural gas reformate (54% H2, 14% CO2, 1% CO and 31% H2O). These latest tests revealed that the fuel cell should be operated at higher temperatures to diminish CO catalyst coverage, and that anode purge with dry gases avoids water condensation in gas pipes. In addition, CO poisoning on anode catalyst is time dependent and Operation at high current densities enhances CO catalyst coverage.

Javier F Pinar – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • demonstrating feasibility of a high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell Operation with natural gas reformate composition
    International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2017
    Co-Authors: Javier F Pinar, Maren Rastedt, Nadine Pilinski, Peter Wagner, Alexander Dyck

    Abstract:

    Abstract Experimental data on the performance of a single cell PBI-based HT-PEMFC operated with a fuel composition similar to natural gas reformate and oxygen enriched cathode Air are presented. A test studying the effect of CO2, H2O and CO in the fuel on fuel cell performance revealed that the presence of CO2 mainly worsens mass transport, H2O improves proton conduction and CO influences reaction kinetics as well as causing mass transport limitations. A small increase of the O2 concentration in the oxidant provided a boost on performance. Electrical efficiency of the fuel cell was improved from 36.6% with H2/Air Operation up to 38.2% with synthetic reformate gas/30% O2 enriched Air. Three 1000 h long-term tests at constant load conditions were performed. The first test showed a degradation rate of −21.4 μV/h and was operated with H2/30% O2. The second test was performed with the same kind of MEA but different fuel composition (54% H2, 15% CO2 and 31% H2O) and exhibited a reduction of the degradation rate to −5.5 μV/h. The main reason for this lifetime improvement is H2O because its transport from anode to cathode may sweep along PA that soaks catalyst active sites and limits HOR. Moreover, water in rich H2 reformate streams also relieves formation of CO from CO2 via RWGS. The third test was performed with a different kind of MEA (extra PTFE content in GDE) but the same fuel composition than the second one. A higher degradation rate of −22.2 μV/h was observed but it was mainly caused by unprotected shut-downs during Operation. Two preliminary long-term tests were also performed with a fuel composition similar to natural gas reformate (54% H2, 14% CO2, 1% CO and 31% H2O). These latest tests revealed that the fuel cell should be operated at higher temperatures to diminish CO catalyst coverage, and that anode purge with dry gases avoids water condensation in gas pipes. In addition, CO poisoning on anode catalyst is time dependent and Operation at high current densities enhances CO catalyst coverage.

Peng Xingpu – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • dc brushless motor system for drainage motor and dc brushless motor control method and control apparatus for drainage motor
    , 2015
    Co-Authors: Wang Chenguang, Wang De-sheng, Peng Xingpu

    Abstract:

    The invention discloses a DC brushless motor control method and control apparatus for a drainage pump, and a DC brushless motor system for a drainage motor. The DC brushless motor control method for the drainage pump comprises the following steps: after the rotating speed of a DC brushless motor reaches a first predetermined rotating speed, comparing the duty ratio of voltage pulses supplying power to a stator winding of the DC brushless motor with a first critical duty ratio; and under the condition that the duty ratio of the voltage pulses is lower than the first critical duty ratio, determining that the drainage pump enters a half-water half-Air Operation state, and arranging the target rotating speed of the DC brushless motor to be a second predetermined rotating speed, wherein the second predetermined rotating speed is lower than the first predetermined rotating speed. According to the invention, the half-water half-Air state of the drainage pump is identified according to the duty ratio of the voltage pulses supplying power to the stator winding, and through reducing the target rotating speed of the DC brushless motor at the state, half-water half-Air noise is reduced.