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Aluminium Sulfate

The Experts below are selected from a list of 2043 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform

Daniel J Williams – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Aluminium Sulfate and sodium aluminate buffer solutions for the destruction of phosphorus based chemical warfare agents
    New Journal of Chemistry, 2009
    Co-Authors: Daniel J Williams, William R Creasy, David Mcgarvey, Vicky L H Bevilacqua, Dupont H Durst

    Abstract:

    Nerve agents VX and GB (sarin) are sequestered and removed by Aluminium Sulfate and sodium aluminate mixtures adjusted to pH 4 in solution. The products of hydrolysis are removed with the alum floc below NMR detection limits over time depending and the amount of Aluminium molar excess relative to agent. Half-lives for GB decomposition are 3.1 h and 1.1 h, respectively, for a 120 and a 1200 molar excess. For VX, the half-lives are 8.5 d and 2.9 d for a 240 and a 5000 molar Aluminium excess. In the case of GB, fluorine is sequestered as the hexafluoroaluminate ion. In the case of VX, no phosphorus containing hydrolysis products including the very toxic S-[2-(diisopropyl-amino)-ethyl]methylphosphonothiolate (EA-2192) are detected in the hydrolysate.

Yuquan Xu – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • removal of humic substances from soil dna using Aluminium Sulfate
    Journal of Microbiological Methods, 2006
    Co-Authors: Dexian Dong, Xuehong Zhang, Yuquan Xu

    Abstract:

    Abstract Direct extraction of soil DNA has become essential for the study of soil microorganisms. Humic substances co-extracted during DNA retrieval is a big problem because it greatly inhibits the enzymes involved in manipulating DNA. Popular commercial kits available for soil DNA extraction are unable to overcome this problem. Here we report an effective protocol for the removal of humic substance from soil DNA. The protocol involves flocculation of the humic substance by excessive Al 3+ , then removal of superfluous Al 3+ via pH adjustment and finally release of soil microbial DNA by SDS lysis. This technique is superior to that employed by the UltraClean Soil DNA Kit and can be applied to a wide variety of soils.

P K Mitra – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • thermal decomposition of precipitated low bulk density basic Aluminium Sulfate
    Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2004
    Co-Authors: I N Bhattacharya, P K Gochhayat, P S Mukherjee, S Paul, P K Mitra

    Abstract:

    Abstract Hydrated basic Aluminium Sulfates (BAS) are of great importance as precursor material for the preparation of activated and high pure calcined aluminas. Low bulk density category BAS powders have superior quality over higher bulk density varieties in terms of higher surface area, more active sites for adsorption, etc. A brief description on the processing route of low bulk density BAS powders utilizing Aluminium Sulfate and ammonia as hydrolyzing precipitant has been presented. Low Al 3+ concentration and pH of around 7–7.2 were found to be crucial for formation of such material. Characterization of this low bulk density material and its different calcined products was also carried out. The characterization was performed through XRD, FTIR and DTA studies. The XRD analysis indicated precipitated powder to be an amorphous material. Interestingly, this amorphous structure is retained till 800 °C. At 900 °C, η-Al 2 O 3 phase appears to be the only transitional phase during its transformation to α-Al 2 O 3 at 1100–1200 °C. FTIR study showed characteristic vibration modes related to molecular water, co-ordinated Sulfate and AlO bonds.