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Angiostrongylus cantonensis

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J F Lindo – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • severe eosinophilic meningitis owing to Angiostrongylus cantonensis in young jamaican children case report and literature review
    Paediatrics and International Child Health, 2014
    Co-Authors: Tracy Evansgilbert, J F Lindo, Sonia Henry, Paul D Brown, C D C Christie

    Abstract:

    Eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis is an endemic and emerging disease that affects adults and children in Jamaica. Most cases resolve without sequelae, but young children are at high risk of neurological damage and death. Treatment with corticosteroids and albendazole is considered safe for adults and children, but protocols for its use in children have not been established. A 19-month-old infant with permanent neurological sequlae caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis meningitis is reported, and five other Jamaican cases are summarized. A review of the literature of children with permanent neurological sequlae and death is presented. Children <5 years (especially <2) were at increased risk of incomplete recovery and death if they presented with bulbar signs, flaccid paresis and coma. None of the severe or fatal cases received early intervention with anthelminthics, and disease progression was not altered with corticosteroids. In view of the pathophysiology, necropsy reports and...

  • human Angiostrongylus cantonensis jamaica
    Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2005
    Co-Authors: Cecelia A Waugh, Shira C Shafir, Matthew E Wise, R D Robinson, Mark L Eberhard, J F Lindo

    Abstract:

    To the Editor: Angiostrongylus cantonensis is the most common cause of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis worldwide (1). The parasite’s presence has been well documented in Jamaica in rats (definitive host) and a variety of mollusks (intermediate hosts); infections occur in humans sporadically on the island. However, the mode of transmission of infections to humans in Jamaica, where raw or undercooked mollusks are not usually eaten, is not well understood (2).

  • fatal autochthonous eosinophilic meningitis in a jamaican child caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis
    American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2004
    Co-Authors: J F Lindo, C T Escoffery, B Reid, G Codrington, C Cunninghammyrie, Mark L Eberhard

    Abstract:

    A fatal case of infection with Angiostrongylus cantonensis is reported in a 14-month-old Jamaican boy. Although infection with Angiostrongylus was not considered initially, sections of multiple worms were observed in the brain and lungs at autopsy and confirmed the infection. This is the first reported fatality due to this infection in the Western Hemisphere, and follows shortly after an outbreak of eosinophilic meningitis among a group of travelers to Jamaica. The source of infection in this case could not be determined.

Hsingchun Chung – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis after ingestion of raw frogs
    American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2007
    Co-Authors: Chuen Chin, Hsingchun Chung

    Abstract:

    Angiostrongylus cantonensis is the most common cause of eosinophilic meningitis in humans after ingestion of raw or inadequately cooked intermediate hosts or food contaminated with infective third-stage larvae. Frogs are known to be a paratenic host of A. cantonensis, but have never been reported as the infectious source of human angiostrongyliasis in Taiwan. We report the first case of eosinophilic meningitis caused by A. cantonensis after ingestion of raw frogs (Rana plancyi).

Kevin R Kazacos – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • central nervous system manifestations of Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection
    Acta Tropica, 2015
    Co-Authors: Yuri C Martins, Herbert B Tanowitz, Kevin R Kazacos

    Abstract:

    Over 20 species of Angiostrongylus have been described from around the world, but only Angiostrongylus cantonensis has been confirmed to cause central nervous system disease in humans. A neurotropic parasite that matures in the pulmonary arteries of rats, A. cantonensis is the most common cause of eosinophilic meningitis in southern Asia and the Pacific and Caribbean islands. The parasite can also cause encephalitis/encephalomyelitis and rarely ocular angiostrongyliasis. The present paper reviews the life cycle, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and prognosis of A. cantonesis infection. Emphasis is given on the spectrum of central nervous system manifestations and disease pathogenesis.