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Beate Huber – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Animal Fodder, origin – Demeter International 2005
    , 2006
    Co-Authors: Beate Huber

    Abstract:

    The amount of bought in feed for pigs may not exceed 50%. This rule applies to farms where an equivalent of more than 5 livestock units in pigs are kept. Feeding stuffs of conventional origin cannot be brought in. Conventional feed can be used up to 10% in the ration, if the feed was produced on an area of the Demeter farm itself, which was newly acquired and has not yet completed the first year of conversion period. In case of proven unavailability of Demeter certified feed, the respective organisation can allow the feeding of maximum 50% organic feed.
    (DI production standards, 5.5.8. Feeding of pigs)

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  • Animal Fodder, roughage requirement – Demeter International 2005
    , 2006
    Co-Authors: Beate Huber

    Abstract:

    At least 60% of the diet of herbivores must consist of roughage. In summer most of the diet must be fresh green feed, preferably pasture. In winter herbivores (except beef cattle) must be given hay (exemptions can be approved). A feed ration based on silage over the whole year is not allowed. The ration for beef cattle can be based on silage but green material must be given additionally in summer.
    (DI production standards, 5.5.2. Feeding of dairy cows, sheep, goats and horses;
    DI production standards, 5.5.3. Feeding of beef cattle)

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  • Animal Fodder, Animal origin – Demeter International 2005
    , 2006
    Co-Authors: Beate Huber

    Abstract:

    Feeding stuffs of Animal origin other than milk and milk products cannot be given to herbivores.
    (DI production standards, 5.5.2. Feeding of dairy cows, sheep, goats and horses;
    DI production standards, 5.5.4. Feeding of replacement calves, calves for fattening, foal, lambs and kids)

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Steve Lowman – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Animal Fodder, roughage requirement, ruminants – UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
    , 2005
    Co-Authors: Susanne Padel, Steve Lowman

    Abstract:

    Soil Association standards (Paragraphs 11.3.2) set a minimum proportion of fibrous feed and a maximum proportion of concentrate feed in the rations of cattle, sheep and goats after weaning.
    The Soil Association specifies a minimum of 60% roughage, fresh or dried Fodder, or silage for all cattle, sheep and goats (after weaning). In this case, the Soil Association complies with the UK Compendium of Organic Standards, Annex 1B, Paragraph 4.7.

    Soil Association Organic Standards. 11.3.5, and 12.3.7.

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  • Animal Fodder, Animal origin – UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
    , 2005
    Co-Authors: Susanne Padel, Steve Lowman

    Abstract:

    There is a limited list of feeds of Animal origin permitted for feeding to livestock. Certain items on this list are permitted to be fed only to non-herbivores. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 10.13.23.

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  • Animal Fodder, Animal origin, fish products – UK Soil Association Organic Standards 2005
    , 2005
    Co-Authors: Susanne Padel, Steve Lowman

    Abstract:

    There is a limited list of feeds of Animal origin permitted for feeding to Animals. Among these, any fish products must be either a by-product of fish for human consumption or from fisheries certified as being sustainably managed. Soil Association Organic Standards. Paragraph 10.13.23.

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Eva Mattsson – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Animal Fodder, origin – SE KRAV 2006
    , 2006
    Co-Authors: Eva Mattsson

    Abstract:

    50% of the feed should be grown on the farm. There are exceptions for small farms (for example 3 cows with off spring or 10 beef cattle or 3 sows with off spring). Cooperation on growing of feed can be done between neighbour farms, there is a need for a cooperation contract. Exceptions can be made special cases (KRAV standards paragraph 5.3.6).

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  • Animal Fodder, roughage requirement – SE KRAV 2006
    , 2006
    Co-Authors: Eva Mattsson

    Abstract:

    All Animals should have free access to roughage. In the diet for ruminants reared for meat there may be maximum 30% concentrate. For dairy Animals there may be maximum 40% concentrate except for the first three months in lactation when it may be 50%. (KRAV standards paragraph 5.3.10 and 5.3.11).

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  • Animal Fodder, Animal origin, – SE KRAV 2006
    , 2006
    Co-Authors: Eva Mattsson

    Abstract:

    Conventional feed of Animal origin is not allowed to be fed to ruminants, but may be fed to pigs and chickens. For ruminants, organic by-products from milk processing such as whey and skim milk may be used (KRAV standards paragraph 5.3.12).

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