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Gregg T. Nagle – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • characterization of Aplysia enticin and temptin two novel water borne protein pheromones that act in concert with attractin to stimulate mate attraction
    Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2004
    Co-Authors: Scott F Cummins, Amy E. Nichols, Andinet Amare, Amanda B Hummon, Jonathan V Sweedler, Gregg T. Nagle

    Abstract:

    Abstract Mate attraction in Aplysia involves a long-distance water-borne signal (attractin) that is released during egg laying. Other pheromones are predicted to be released during egg laying that act in concert with albumen gland attractin to stimulate attraction, but their identities are unknown. To identify other candidate water-borne pheromones, we employed differential library screening of an albumen gland cDNA library, Northern blot analysis, purification, characterization, cloning, and expression of albumen gland proteins, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry, pheromone secretion assays, behavioral bioassays, immunolocalization studies, and comparative genomics. Four genes, Alb-23, Alb-24, Alb-69, and Alb-172, were highly expressed in Aplysia californica albumen glands and encoded novel proteins. The products of the Alb-24 (“enticin”) and Alb-172 (“temptin”) precursors were soluble and highly abundant in albumen gland extracts, whereas Alb-23 and Alb-69 were membrane-associated proteins. A comparative analysis showed that the predicted Aplysia brasiliana enticin and temptin proteins were 90 and 91% identical, respectively, to their A. californica homologs. T-maze attraction bioassay studies have previously demonstrated that egg cordons alone are attractive to Aplysia but that attractin alone is not. In the present study, however, the combination of attractin, enticin, and temptin was found to be significantly attractive to potential mates and doubled the number of animals attracted to this stimulus compared with control animals. The combined data strongly suggest that enticin and temptin are novel candidate water-borne protein pheromones that act in concert with attractin to attract Aplysia to form and maintain egglaying and mating aggregations.

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  • A conserved heptapeptide sequence in the waterborne attractin pheromone stimulates mate attraction in Aplysia
    Peptides, 2004
    Co-Authors: Scott F Cummins, Amy E. Nichols, Krishna Rajarathnam, Gregg T. Nagle

    Abstract:

    Mate attraction in the marine mollusk Aplysia involves long-distance waterborne chemical signaling via the release of the peptide pheromone attractin during egg laying. Aplysia californica attractin attracts conspecifics, reduces the latency to mating, and stimulates hermaphroditic mating. Four additional members of the Aplysia attractin family have recently been characterized from Aplysia brasiliana, Aplysia fasciata, Aplysia depilans, and Aplysia vaccaria. The five sequences differ significantly, but share six cysteine residues and the strictly conserved sequence Ile 30 -Glu-Glu-Cys-Lys-Thr-Ser 36 . Attractin is attractive to geographically and evolutionarily distant species, suggesting that the conserved heptapeptide region may be important for mate attraction. Consistent with this prediction, a synthetic constrained cyclic peptide that contains the conserved heptapeptide sequence is significantly attractive in T-maze bioassays. The attractins are the first family of waterborne peptide pheromones characterized in invertebrates and are unique in that family members are not species-specific pheromonal attractants. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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  • A conserved heptapeptide sequence in the waterborne attractin pheromone stimulates mate attraction in Aplysia.
    Peptides, 2004
    Co-Authors: Scott F Cummins, Amy E. Nichols, Krishna Rajarathnam, Gregg T. Nagle

    Abstract:

    Mate attraction in the marine mollusk Aplysia involves long-distance waterborne chemical signaling via the release of the peptide pheromone attractin during egg laying. Aplysia californica attractin attracts conspecifics, reduces the latency to mating, and stimulates hermaphroditic mating. Four additional members of the Aplysia attractin family have recently been characterized from Aplysia brasiliana, Aplysia fasciata, Aplysia depilans, and Aplysia vaccaria. The five sequences differ significantly, but share six cysteine residues and the strictly conserved sequence Ile30-Glu-Glu-Cys-Lys-Thr-Ser36. Attractin is attractive to geographically and evolutionarily distant species, suggesting that the conserved heptapeptide region may be important for mate attraction. Consistent with this prediction, a synthetic constrained cyclic peptide that contains the conserved heptapeptide sequence is significantly attractive in T-maze bioassays. The attractins are the first family of waterborne peptide pheromones characterized in invertebrates and are unique in that family members are not species-specific pheromonal attractants.

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Scott F Cummins – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • characterization of Aplysia enticin and temptin two novel water borne protein pheromones that act in concert with attractin to stimulate mate attraction
    Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2004
    Co-Authors: Scott F Cummins, Amy E. Nichols, Andinet Amare, Amanda B Hummon, Jonathan V Sweedler, Gregg T. Nagle

    Abstract:

    Abstract Mate attraction in Aplysia involves a long-distance water-borne signal (attractin) that is released during egg laying. Other pheromones are predicted to be released during egg laying that act in concert with albumen gland attractin to stimulate attraction, but their identities are unknown. To identify other candidate water-borne pheromones, we employed differential library screening of an albumen gland cDNA library, Northern blot analysis, purification, characterization, cloning, and expression of albumen gland proteins, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry, pheromone secretion assays, behavioral bioassays, immunolocalization studies, and comparative genomics. Four genes, Alb-23, Alb-24, Alb-69, and Alb-172, were highly expressed in Aplysia californica albumen glands and encoded novel proteins. The products of the Alb-24 (“enticin”) and Alb-172 (“temptin”) precursors were soluble and highly abundant in albumen gland extracts, whereas Alb-23 and Alb-69 were membrane-associated proteins. A comparative analysis showed that the predicted Aplysia brasiliana enticin and temptin proteins were 90 and 91% identical, respectively, to their A. californica homologs. T-maze attraction bioassay studies have previously demonstrated that egg cordons alone are attractive to Aplysia but that attractin alone is not. In the present study, however, the combination of attractin, enticin, and temptin was found to be significantly attractive to potential mates and doubled the number of animals attracted to this stimulus compared with control animals. The combined data strongly suggest that enticin and temptin are novel candidate water-borne protein pheromones that act in concert with attractin to attract Aplysia to form and maintain egglaying and mating aggregations.

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  • structural and functional analysis of Aplysia attractins a family of water borne protein pheromones with interspecific attractiveness
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2004
    Co-Authors: Sherry D Painter, Scott F Cummins, Amy E. Nichols, David B G Akalal, Catherine H Schein, Werner Braun, John S Smith, Abraham J Susswein, Miriam Levy, Pamela A C M De Boer

    Abstract:

    Mate attraction in Aplysia involves a long-distance water-borne signal (the protein pheromone attractin), which is released during egg laying. Aplysia californica attractin attracts species that produce closely related attractins, such as Aplysia brasiliana, whose geographic distribution does not overlap that of A. californica. This finding suggests that other mollusks release attractin-related pheromones to form and maintain breeding aggregations. We describe four additional members of the attractin family: A. brasiliana, Aplysia fasciata, Aplysia depilans (which aggregates with A. fasciata aggregations), and Aplysia vaccaria (which aggregates with A. californica aggregations). On the basis of their sequence similarity with A. californica attractin, the attractin proteins fall into two groups: A. californica, A. brasiliana, and A. fasciata (91-95% identity), and A. depilans and A. vaccaria (41-43% identity). The sequence similarity within the attractin family, the conserved six cysteines, and the compact fold of the NMR solution structure of A. californica attractin suggest a common fold for this pheromone family containing two antiparallel helices. The second helix contains the IEECKTS sequence conserved in Aplysia attractins. Mutating surface-exposed charged residues within this heptapeptide sequence abolishes attractin activity, suggesting that the second helix is an essential part of the receptor-binding interface.

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  • A conserved heptapeptide sequence in the waterborne attractin pheromone stimulates mate attraction in Aplysia
    Peptides, 2004
    Co-Authors: Scott F Cummins, Amy E. Nichols, Krishna Rajarathnam, Gregg T. Nagle

    Abstract:

    Mate attraction in the marine mollusk Aplysia involves long-distance waterborne chemical signaling via the release of the peptide pheromone attractin during egg laying. Aplysia californica attractin attracts conspecifics, reduces the latency to mating, and stimulates hermaphroditic mating. Four additional members of the Aplysia attractin family have recently been characterized from Aplysia brasiliana, Aplysia fasciata, Aplysia depilans, and Aplysia vaccaria. The five sequences differ significantly, but share six cysteine residues and the strictly conserved sequence Ile 30 -Glu-Glu-Cys-Lys-Thr-Ser 36 . Attractin is attractive to geographically and evolutionarily distant species, suggesting that the conserved heptapeptide region may be important for mate attraction. Consistent with this prediction, a synthetic constrained cyclic peptide that contains the conserved heptapeptide sequence is significantly attractive in T-maze bioassays. The attractins are the first family of waterborne peptide pheromones characterized in invertebrates and are unique in that family members are not species-specific pheromonal attractants. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Amy E. Nichols – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • characterization of Aplysia enticin and temptin two novel water borne protein pheromones that act in concert with attractin to stimulate mate attraction
    Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2004
    Co-Authors: Scott F Cummins, Amy E. Nichols, Andinet Amare, Amanda B Hummon, Jonathan V Sweedler, Gregg T. Nagle

    Abstract:

    Abstract Mate attraction in Aplysia involves a long-distance water-borne signal (attractin) that is released during egg laying. Other pheromones are predicted to be released during egg laying that act in concert with albumen gland attractin to stimulate attraction, but their identities are unknown. To identify other candidate water-borne pheromones, we employed differential library screening of an albumen gland cDNA library, Northern blot analysis, purification, characterization, cloning, and expression of albumen gland proteins, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry, pheromone secretion assays, behavioral bioassays, immunolocalization studies, and comparative genomics. Four genes, Alb-23, Alb-24, Alb-69, and Alb-172, were highly expressed in Aplysia californica albumen glands and encoded novel proteins. The products of the Alb-24 (“enticin”) and Alb-172 (“temptin”) precursors were soluble and highly abundant in albumen gland extracts, whereas Alb-23 and Alb-69 were membrane-associated proteins. A comparative analysis showed that the predicted Aplysia brasiliana enticin and temptin proteins were 90 and 91% identical, respectively, to their A. californica homologs. T-maze attraction bioassay studies have previously demonstrated that egg cordons alone are attractive to Aplysia but that attractin alone is not. In the present study, however, the combination of attractin, enticin, and temptin was found to be significantly attractive to potential mates and doubled the number of animals attracted to this stimulus compared with control animals. The combined data strongly suggest that enticin and temptin are novel candidate water-borne protein pheromones that act in concert with attractin to attract Aplysia to form and maintain egglaying and mating aggregations.

    Free Register to Access Article

  • structural and functional analysis of Aplysia attractins a family of water borne protein pheromones with interspecific attractiveness
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2004
    Co-Authors: Sherry D Painter, Scott F Cummins, Amy E. Nichols, David B G Akalal, Catherine H Schein, Werner Braun, John S Smith, Abraham J Susswein, Miriam Levy, Pamela A C M De Boer

    Abstract:

    Mate attraction in Aplysia involves a long-distance water-borne signal (the protein pheromone attractin), which is released during egg laying. Aplysia californica attractin attracts species that produce closely related attractins, such as Aplysia brasiliana, whose geographic distribution does not overlap that of A. californica. This finding suggests that other mollusks release attractin-related pheromones to form and maintain breeding aggregations. We describe four additional members of the attractin family: A. brasiliana, Aplysia fasciata, Aplysia depilans (which aggregates with A. fasciata aggregations), and Aplysia vaccaria (which aggregates with A. californica aggregations). On the basis of their sequence similarity with A. californica attractin, the attractin proteins fall into two groups: A. californica, A. brasiliana, and A. fasciata (91-95% identity), and A. depilans and A. vaccaria (41-43% identity). The sequence similarity within the attractin family, the conserved six cysteines, and the compact fold of the NMR solution structure of A. californica attractin suggest a common fold for this pheromone family containing two antiparallel helices. The second helix contains the IEECKTS sequence conserved in Aplysia attractins. Mutating surface-exposed charged residues within this heptapeptide sequence abolishes attractin activity, suggesting that the second helix is an essential part of the receptor-binding interface.

    Free Register to Access Article

  • A conserved heptapeptide sequence in the waterborne attractin pheromone stimulates mate attraction in Aplysia
    Peptides, 2004
    Co-Authors: Scott F Cummins, Amy E. Nichols, Krishna Rajarathnam, Gregg T. Nagle

    Abstract:

    Mate attraction in the marine mollusk Aplysia involves long-distance waterborne chemical signaling via the release of the peptide pheromone attractin during egg laying. Aplysia californica attractin attracts conspecifics, reduces the latency to mating, and stimulates hermaphroditic mating. Four additional members of the Aplysia attractin family have recently been characterized from Aplysia brasiliana, Aplysia fasciata, Aplysia depilans, and Aplysia vaccaria. The five sequences differ significantly, but share six cysteine residues and the strictly conserved sequence Ile 30 -Glu-Glu-Cys-Lys-Thr-Ser 36 . Attractin is attractive to geographically and evolutionarily distant species, suggesting that the conserved heptapeptide region may be important for mate attraction. Consistent with this prediction, a synthetic constrained cyclic peptide that contains the conserved heptapeptide sequence is significantly attractive in T-maze bioassays. The attractins are the first family of waterborne peptide pheromones characterized in invertebrates and are unique in that family members are not species-specific pheromonal attractants. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Free Register to Access Article