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Kenneth G. Gould – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Functional parameters of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) sperm from ejaculates collected by rectal probe electrostimulation and by Artificial Vagina.
    American journal of primatology, 1996
    Co-Authors: Kenneth G. Gould, Leona G. Young

    Abstract:

    This study compares functional parameters of sperm from ejaculates collected from 15 adult male chimpanzees using rectal probe electrostimulation (RPE) and from 10 adult male chimpanzees trained to use an Artificial Vagina (AV). Computer assisted motion analysis (CAMA) showed no significant differences in mean values for straight line velocity (VSL), linearity (LIN), curvilinear velocity (VCL), and lateral head movement (ALH) of sperm from ejaculates collected by RPE and by AV. There was, however, a significant difference (P < 0.01) in the population distribution for VSL and LIN, which indicates that sperm swim in a more convoluted manner in ejaculates collected by RPE than in ejaculates collected by AV. In the hamster zona-free ovum penetration assay (SPA), there were no significant differences in the percentages of hamster oocytes penetrated by sperm or in the number of sperm which penetrated each oocyte after 4 or 24 h incubation using sperm from ejaculates collected by RPE and by AV. Therefore, the lack of success using sperm from ejaculates collected by RPE to initiate pregnancy in the chimpanzee does not appear to result from abnormalities in sperm fertilizing capacity as measured in SPA. © 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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  • Characteristics of Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) Ejaculates Collected by Rectal Probe Electrostimulation and by Artificial Vagina
    American journal of primatology, 1995
    Co-Authors: Leona G. Young, Eleanor B. Smithwick, Kenneth G. Gould

    Abstract:

    This study compares characteristics of ejaculates collected from 16 adult male chimpanzees using rectal probe electrostimulation (RPE) and from 10 adult male chimpanzees trained to use an Artificial Vagina (AV). Ejaculate weight, semen volume, and sperm number were significantly lower (P < 0.01) and percentage liquefaction was significantly higher (P < 0.01) in ejaculates collected by RPE. Percentages of motile sperm and of live sperm in semen did not differ significantly between the two collection methods. Total amounts of protein and of α-glucosidase activity were significantly lower (P < 0.01) in seminal fluid from RPE samples. For ejaculates collected by RPE, semen volume correlated positively with protein (r = 0.8640, P < 0.001), fructose (r = 0.6976, P < 0.001), and citrate (r = 0.6976, P < 0.001); sperm number correlated positively with α-glucosidase activity (r = 0.6547, P < 0.001); and protein correlated positively with fructose (r = 0.5906, P < 0.002), citrate (r = 0.5926, P < 0.002) and α-glucosidase activity (r = 0.6006, P < 0.001). For ejaculates collected by AV, semen volume correlated positively with percentage liquefaction (r = 0.6058, P < 0.001), protein (r = 0.8055, P < 0.001), fructose (r = 0.6606, P < 0.001), and citrate (r = 0.8272, P < 0.001); sperm number correlated positively with percentage of motile sperm (r = 0.4196, P 0.004); percentage of motile sperm correlated positively with percentage of live sperm (r = 0.4388, P < 0.002); and, protein correlated positively with fructose (r = 0.6947, P < 0.002) and with citrate (r = 0.5926, P < 0.002). These data show that there is a significant difference in semen parameters and in biochemical parameters of ejaculates obtained by RPE and by AV. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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Leona G. Young – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Functional parameters of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) sperm from ejaculates collected by rectal probe electrostimulation and by Artificial Vagina.
    American journal of primatology, 1996
    Co-Authors: Kenneth G. Gould, Leona G. Young

    Abstract:

    This study compares functional parameters of sperm from ejaculates collected from 15 adult male chimpanzees using rectal probe electrostimulation (RPE) and from 10 adult male chimpanzees trained to use an Artificial Vagina (AV). Computer assisted motion analysis (CAMA) showed no significant differences in mean values for straight line velocity (VSL), linearity (LIN), curvilinear velocity (VCL), and lateral head movement (ALH) of sperm from ejaculates collected by RPE and by AV. There was, however, a significant difference (P < 0.01) in the population distribution for VSL and LIN, which indicates that sperm swim in a more convoluted manner in ejaculates collected by RPE than in ejaculates collected by AV. In the hamster zona-free ovum penetration assay (SPA), there were no significant differences in the percentages of hamster oocytes penetrated by sperm or in the number of sperm which penetrated each oocyte after 4 or 24 h incubation using sperm from ejaculates collected by RPE and by AV. Therefore, the lack of success using sperm from ejaculates collected by RPE to initiate pregnancy in the chimpanzee does not appear to result from abnormalities in sperm fertilizing capacity as measured in SPA. © 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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  • Characteristics of Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) Ejaculates Collected by Rectal Probe Electrostimulation and by Artificial Vagina
    American journal of primatology, 1995
    Co-Authors: Leona G. Young, Eleanor B. Smithwick, Kenneth G. Gould

    Abstract:

    This study compares characteristics of ejaculates collected from 16 adult male chimpanzees using rectal probe electrostimulation (RPE) and from 10 adult male chimpanzees trained to use an Artificial Vagina (AV). Ejaculate weight, semen volume, and sperm number were significantly lower (P < 0.01) and percentage liquefaction was significantly higher (P < 0.01) in ejaculates collected by RPE. Percentages of motile sperm and of live sperm in semen did not differ significantly between the two collection methods. Total amounts of protein and of α-glucosidase activity were significantly lower (P < 0.01) in seminal fluid from RPE samples. For ejaculates collected by RPE, semen volume correlated positively with protein (r = 0.8640, P < 0.001), fructose (r = 0.6976, P < 0.001), and citrate (r = 0.6976, P < 0.001); sperm number correlated positively with α-glucosidase activity (r = 0.6547, P < 0.001); and protein correlated positively with fructose (r = 0.5906, P < 0.002), citrate (r = 0.5926, P < 0.002) and α-glucosidase activity (r = 0.6006, P < 0.001). For ejaculates collected by AV, semen volume correlated positively with percentage liquefaction (r = 0.6058, P < 0.001), protein (r = 0.8055, P < 0.001), fructose (r = 0.6606, P < 0.001), and citrate (r = 0.8272, P < 0.001); sperm number correlated positively with percentage of motile sperm (r = 0.4196, P 0.004); percentage of motile sperm correlated positively with percentage of live sperm (r = 0.4388, P < 0.002); and, protein correlated positively with fructose (r = 0.6947, P < 0.002) and with citrate (r = 0.5926, P < 0.002). These data show that there is a significant difference in semen parameters and in biochemical parameters of ejaculates obtained by RPE and by AV. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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Eleanor B. Smithwick – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Characteristics of Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) Ejaculates Collected by Rectal Probe Electrostimulation and by Artificial Vagina
    American journal of primatology, 1995
    Co-Authors: Leona G. Young, Eleanor B. Smithwick, Kenneth G. Gould

    Abstract:

    This study compares characteristics of ejaculates collected from 16 adult male chimpanzees using rectal probe electrostimulation (RPE) and from 10 adult male chimpanzees trained to use an Artificial Vagina (AV). Ejaculate weight, semen volume, and sperm number were significantly lower (P < 0.01) and percentage liquefaction was significantly higher (P < 0.01) in ejaculates collected by RPE. Percentages of motile sperm and of live sperm in semen did not differ significantly between the two collection methods. Total amounts of protein and of α-glucosidase activity were significantly lower (P < 0.01) in seminal fluid from RPE samples. For ejaculates collected by RPE, semen volume correlated positively with protein (r = 0.8640, P < 0.001), fructose (r = 0.6976, P < 0.001), and citrate (r = 0.6976, P < 0.001); sperm number correlated positively with α-glucosidase activity (r = 0.6547, P < 0.001); and protein correlated positively with fructose (r = 0.5906, P < 0.002), citrate (r = 0.5926, P < 0.002) and α-glucosidase activity (r = 0.6006, P < 0.001). For ejaculates collected by AV, semen volume correlated positively with percentage liquefaction (r = 0.6058, P < 0.001), protein (r = 0.8055, P < 0.001), fructose (r = 0.6606, P < 0.001), and citrate (r = 0.8272, P < 0.001); sperm number correlated positively with percentage of motile sperm (r = 0.4196, P 0.004); percentage of motile sperm correlated positively with percentage of live sperm (r = 0.4388, P < 0.002); and, protein correlated positively with fructose (r = 0.6947, P < 0.002) and with citrate (r = 0.5926, P < 0.002). These data show that there is a significant difference in semen parameters and in biochemical parameters of ejaculates obtained by RPE and by AV. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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