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Atractylodes

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Xuebo Hu – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • the transcript profile of a traditional chinese medicine Atractylodes lancea revealing its sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis of the major active components
    PLOS ONE, 2016
    Co-Authors: Shakeel Ahmed, Chuansong Zhan, Yanyan Yang, Xuekui Wang, Tewu Yang, Zeying Zhao, Qiyun Zhang, Xiaohua Li, Xuebo Hu

    Abstract:

    Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC., named “Cangzhu” in China, which belongs to the Asteraceae family. In some countries of Southeast Asia (China, Thailand, Korea, Japan etc.) its rhizome, commonly called rhizoma atractylodis, is used to treat many diseases as it contains a variety of sesquiterpenoids and other components of medicinal importance. Despite its medicinal value, the information of the sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the transcriptome analysis of different tissues of non-model plant A. lancea by using short read sequencing technology (Illumina). We found 62,352 high quality unigenes with an average sequence length of 913 bp in the transcripts of A. Lancea. Among these, 43,049 (69.04%), 30,264 (48.53%), 26,233 (42.07%), 17,881 (28.67%) and 29,057(46.60%) unigenes showed significant similarity (E-value<1e-5) to known proteins in Nr, KEGG, SWISS-PROT, GO, and COG databases, respectively. Of the total 62,352 unigenes, 43,049 (Nr Database) open reading frames were predicted. On the basis of different bioinformatics tools we identify all the enzymes that take part in the terpenoid biosynthesis as well as five different known sesquiterpenoids via cytosolic mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway and plastidal methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathways. In our study, 6, 864 Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) were also found as great potential markers in A. lancea. This transcriptomic resource of A. lancea provides a great contribution in advancement of research for this specific medicinal plant and more specifically for the gene mining of different classes of terpenoids and other chemical compounds that have medicinal as well as economic importance.

Juiwei Liang – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • sesquiterpenoids from Atractylodes macrocephala act as farnesoid x receptor and progesterone receptor modulators
    Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 2012
    Co-Authors: Chiajui Tsai, Juiwei Liang

    Abstract:

    Two sesquiterpenoids, atractylenolide II and III, were isolated and identified from Atractylodes macrocephala (Asteraceae) to be subsequently evaluated for their activity against farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and progesterone receptor (PR) by transient transfection reporter assays. These sesquiterpenoids did not exert significant agonistic effect but antagonized the activity of chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), an endogenous FXR agonist, for FXR driven SHP promoter transactivation. Additionally, they transactivated CYP7A1 gene promoter activity by antagonizing FXR. Apart from acting as a FXR antagonist, atractylenolide III also showed agonistic activity against PR. All these results demonstrated that atractylenolide II and III are the active components of Atractylodes macrocephala to exert specific pharmacologic effects.

Shakeel Ahmed – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • the transcript profile of a traditional chinese medicine Atractylodes lancea revealing its sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis of the major active components
    PLOS ONE, 2016
    Co-Authors: Shakeel Ahmed, Chuansong Zhan, Yanyan Yang, Xuekui Wang, Tewu Yang, Zeying Zhao, Qiyun Zhang, Xiaohua Li, Xuebo Hu

    Abstract:

    Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC., named “Cangzhu” in China, which belongs to the Asteraceae family. In some countries of Southeast Asia (China, Thailand, Korea, Japan etc.) its rhizome, commonly called rhizoma atractylodis, is used to treat many diseases as it contains a variety of sesquiterpenoids and other components of medicinal importance. Despite its medicinal value, the information of the sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the transcriptome analysis of different tissues of non-model plant A. lancea by using short read sequencing technology (Illumina). We found 62,352 high quality unigenes with an average sequence length of 913 bp in the transcripts of A. Lancea. Among these, 43,049 (69.04%), 30,264 (48.53%), 26,233 (42.07%), 17,881 (28.67%) and 29,057(46.60%) unigenes showed significant similarity (E-value<1e-5) to known proteins in Nr, KEGG, SWISS-PROT, GO, and COG databases, respectively. Of the total 62,352 unigenes, 43,049 (Nr Database) open reading frames were predicted. On the basis of different bioinformatics tools we identify all the enzymes that take part in the terpenoid biosynthesis as well as five different known sesquiterpenoids via cytosolic mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway and plastidal methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathways. In our study, 6, 864 Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) were also found as great potential markers in A. lancea. This transcriptomic resource of A. lancea provides a great contribution in advancement of research for this specific medicinal plant and more specifically for the gene mining of different classes of terpenoids and other chemical compounds that have medicinal as well as economic importance.