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Avena Nuda

The Experts below are selected from a list of 297 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform

Thava Vasanthan – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • studies on isolation and characterization of starch from oat Avena Nuda grains
    Carbohydrate Polymers, 1992
    Co-Authors: R Hoover, Thava Vasanthan

    Abstract:

    Starch from AC Hill oat grains (Avena Nuda) was isolated and some of the characteristics determined. The yield of starch was 23·4% on a whole grain basis. The shape of the granule was polyhedral to irregular, with granules 6–10 μm in diameter. Lipids were extracted by acid hydrolysis and by selective solvent extraction with chloroform-methanol 2:1 v/v (CM) at ambient temperature, followed by n-propanol-water 3:1 v/v (PW) at 90–100°C. The acid hydrolyzed extracts which represented the total starch lipids (TSL) was 1·13%. The free lipids in the CM extract (1% TSL) was 6·2%, whereas the free and bound lipids in the PW extracts was 93.0%. Neutral lipids formed the major lipid class in the CM and PW extracts. The monoacyl lipid content in both CM and PW extracts was 61·0%. The total amylose content was 19·4%, of which 13·9% was complexed by native lipids. X-ray diffraction was of the ‘A’ type. Oat starch differed from wheat starch in showing a higher swelling factor, decreased amylose leaching, coleaching of a branched starch component and amylose during the pasting process, higher peak viscosity and set-back, low gel rigidity, greater susceptibility towards acid hydrolysis, greater resistance to α-amylase action and a higher freeze-thaw stability. Furthermore, in comparison to wheat starch, the amylose chains of oat starch appear to be more loosely arranged in the amorphous regions, whereas in crystalline regions, oat starch chains are more compactly packed. Lipid removal from oat and wheat starches decreased their swelling factor, peak viscosity, set-back, gelatinization temperatures, freeze-thaw stability and paste clarity (at pH > 4·0), and increased their thermal stability, amylose leaching, enthalpy of gelatinization, susceptibility towards α-amylase and paste clarity (at pH < 4·0). The results also showed that the properties of AC Hill oat starch is not representative of oat starch in general.

Yang Xiaohong – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • effect of different sowing date and densities to the yield of Avena Nuda l variety huazao no 2
    Rain Fed Crops, 2008
    Co-Authors: Yang Xiaohong

    Abstract:

    In order to make Avena Nuda L.variety Huazao No.2 have the highest yield,we planted Huazao No.2 in different sowing date and diffenrent densities in 2007,make clear that the variety trend of yield of Huazao No.2 primarily,resulted that the best sowing date and the best sowing density of Huazao No.2.

  • study on limit sowing date and optimum sowing date of Avena Nuda varieties with no tillage in autumn in northwest hebei
    Journal of Hebei Agricultural Sciences, 2008
    Co-Authors: Yang Xiaohong

    Abstract:

    On the basis of the previous studies,the limit late sowing date and optimum sowing date of the varieties which have been extended and the excellent variety series in northwest of Hebei were studied.The result indicated that all of the 6 variety series could be mature naturally when they were planted before June 20.The limit late sowing date of Pin No.2,Huazao No.2 and Baiyan No.2 was July 10.The natural mature date of Bayou No.1 was June 30.The optimum sowing date of Pin No.2,Bayou No.1,Huazao No.2,Baiyan No.2 were June 18,June 17,June 15 and June 18.However,the optimum sowing date of S016 and H44 should be earlier than June 5.

Fengmin Li – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Uptake and distribution of stable strontium in 26 cultivars of three crop species: oats, wheat, and barley for their potential use in phytoremediation.
    International journal of phytoremediation, 2020
    Co-Authors: Lin Qi, Fengmin Li, Kadambot H M Siddique, Helmut Brandl, Jinzhang Xu, Xiaogang Li

    Abstract:

    The main objective of this study was to investigate the accumulation and distribution of strontium (Sr) in 26 cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), husk oat (Avena sativa L) and naked oat (Avena Nuda), and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) for their potential use in phytoremediation.Sr levels had no effect on the accumulation of shoot biomass at tillering or at maturity. Mean shoot Sr concentration of naked oat and barley at tillering was significantly (P

  • recently released genotypes of naked oat Avena Nuda l out yield early releases under water limited conditions by greater reproductive allocation and desiccation tolerance
    Field Crops Research, 2017
    Co-Authors: Tao Wang, Yanlei Du, Jin He, Neil C Turner, Bing Ru Wang, Cong Zhang, Fengmin Li

    Abstract:

    Naked oat (Avena Nuda L) is becoming increasingly popular because of its high nutritive value and increased yields. As naked oat is grown in marginal environments, one of the limitations to yield is drought stress. In this study conducted in the field and a rainout shelter, the yield, water relations, and physiological and biochemical responses to drought of six genotypes, three released since 2008 (recently released, RR) and three genotypes released at least 60 years earlier (early-released, ER) were compared. The grain yield, harvest index (HI) and water use efficiency for grain were higher in the RR than ER genotypes under rainfed and irrigated conditions in the field and under drought and well-watered conditions in the rainout shelter. Aboveground biomass and HI had significant direct effects on grain yield, while leaf dry weight was negatively associated with grain yield in the rainout shelter. During a progressive soil drying experiment, the threshold soil water content (SWC) when stomatal conductance and photosynthesis began to decrease was lower in the RR [48-52% field capacity (FC)] than ER (54-58% FC) genotypes, but whole plant transpiration began to decrease when the leaf water potential and relative water content began to decrease at a threshold SWC of 31-44% FC in both the RR and ER genotypes. The beginning of the decrease in stomatal conductance and photosynthesis was associated with the increase in leaf abscisic acid concentration, but higher osmolyte accumulation, greater osmotic adjustment and less lipid peroxidation in the RR genotypes than the ER genotypes occurred at low SWC (below 30% FC) and are associated with greater desiccation tolerance in the RR genotypes. We conclude that the higher yields in the RR genotypes of naked oat are associated with selection for higher reproductive allocation and desiccation tolerance. The role of stomatal closure and osmotic adjustment on adaptation to drought are discussed. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • Uptake and Distribution of Stable Strontium in 26 Cultivars of Three Crop Species: Oats, Wheat, and Barley for Their Potential Use in Phytoremediation
    International Journal of Phytoremediation, 2014
    Co-Authors: Lin Qi, Fengmin Li, Kadambot H M Siddique, Helmut Brandl, Jinzhang Xu, Xiaogang Li

    Abstract:

    The main objective of this study was to investigate the accumulation and distribution of strontium (Sr) in 26 cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), husk oat (Avena sativa L) and naked oat (Avena Nuda), and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) for their potential use in phytoremediation. Sr levels had no effect on the accumulation of shoot biomass at tillering or at maturity. Mean shoot Sr concentration of naked oat and barley at tillering was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of wheat; Neimengkeyimai-1, a naked oat cultivar, had the highest Sr concentrations. At maturity, of four naked oat cultivars, Neimengkeyimai-1 had the highest Sr content at all measured Sr levels. Leaves had the highest Sr concentrations, followed by roots and straw, and then grain with the lowest. Mean enrichment coefficients from soil to shoots ranged from 0.521 to 1.343; the percentage of stable Sr removed from the soil to the shoots at harvest time was more than 1.4% after 120 days. Neimengkeyimai-1 could be used as a model for further research to find more effective cultivars; and naked oat plants could be selected for phytoremediation to clean up contaminated soil.