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Bioclimatic Architecture

The Experts below are selected from a list of 414 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform

M Santamouris – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • on the use of Bioclimatic Architecture principles in order to improve thermal comfort conditions in outdoor spaces
    Building and Environment, 2007
    Co-Authors: N Gaitani, G Mihalakakou, M Santamouris

    Abstract:

    Abstract The present paper describes a process for designing and applying several techniques based on Bioclimatic Architecture criteria and on passive cooling and energy conservation principles in order to improve the thermal comfort conditions in an outdoor space location located in the Great Athens area. For that reason, the thermal comfort conditions in 12 different outdoor space points in the experimented location have been calculated using two different thermal comfort Bioclimatic indices developed to be used for outdoor spaces. The used indices were the following: (a) “Comfa”, which is based on estimating the energy budget of a person in an outdoor environment and (b) “thermal sensation”, based on the satisfaction or dissatisfaction sensation under the prevailing climatic conditions of the outdoor spaces. Calculations were performed during the summer period and two different scenarios of the constructed space parameters have been considered. The first scenario consists of a conventionally constructed space, while the second one includes various architectural improvements according to the Bioclimatic design principles. The two Bioclimatic indicators were used for calculating the outdoor thermal comfort conditions in the above-mentioned outdoor space locations for both scenarios and the effect of the Bioclimatic design architectural improvements on the human thermal comfort sensation was presented and analysed.

Amós García-cruz – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Review of Bioclimatic Architecture strategies for achieving thermal comfort
    Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015
    Co-Authors: Francisco Manzano-agugliaro, Francisco G. Montoya, Andrés Sabio-ortega, Amós García-cruz

    Abstract:

    The residential sector consumes a significant amount of energy worldwide. Therefore, it is important to study, analyse and implement Bioclimatic architectural systems that contribute to the reduction of energy consumption while considering the possible construction solutions offered at both passive and active levels. The present study conducted a comprehensive analysis that was stratified into three large blocks. The first block examined the concept of Bioclimatic Architecture. The second examined the Bioclimatic Architecture construction strategies as a function of each climate zone with the objective of achieving the greatest climate comfort level within a specific building. Fourteen climate zones were established and recommended according to the possible strategies that would facilitate reductions in energy consumption. The third block analysed the principal scientific research trends in this field and highlighted the use of vernacular Architecture strategies, experimentation with Bioclimatic Architecture construction, application of innovative Bioclimatic Architecture strategies, promotion of Bioclimatic Architecture, use of Bioclimatic Architecture in urban planning, inclusion of Bioclimatic lessons in study plans and development of energy saving technologies to support Bioclimatic Architecture. The extensive review described in this paper allowed us to conclude that certain Bioclimatic Architecture strategies that have been adopted in specific countries could be exported to other areas with similar climates because they were proven to be good functional design strategies that resulted in large energy saving measures (each in its corresponding climate) related to solar protection, humidification or temperature increases.

Mario Cunsulo – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Shading by Urban Forests in Arid Ecosystems
    Architectural Science Review, 2020
    Co-Authors: Alejandra Kurban, Mario Cunsulo, Alberto Papparelli, Eduardo Montilla

    Abstract:

    Abstract In arid areas, the forestation of cities constitutes an important Bioclimatic potential that acts positively in the improvement of the conditions of the population’s physical comfort (temperature and humidity) in open, public and private spaces. This study comparatively investigates two methods to calculate the shading capacity of trees: a solarmetrical and a photometrical method. Both methods were found to be suitable for the selection of deciduous species potentially more capable to be used in urban areas in arid climatic zones. The results can be incorporated into the national norms and policies for urban public forestation applicable in the design of consolidated or new urban areas in arid zones around the world. The results contribute to Bioclimatic Architecture and the population’s physical comfort in arid ecosystems and as a contribution to regional energy saving.

  • time savings of energy consumption using Bioclimatic Architecture
    Architectural Science Review, 1998
    Co-Authors: Alberto Papparelli, Alejandra Kurban, Mario Cunsulo

    Abstract:

    The present paper exposes partial results of a research project, supported by the Universidad National de San Juan, about the application of the urban climatic values of San Juan city (Argentina) to the determination of Bioclimatic Strategies to be considered in the architectural design, in order to obtain a whole exploitation of the natural energies for the hygrothermic conditioning of buildings. The work focuses this theme from the time savings of energy consumption point of view through the application of Bioclimatic Design guidelines. Temperature and Relative Humidity determine the hygrothermic human comfort and for this reason are analyzed both for winter and summer, seasons that require more specific strategies of thermal conditioning due to their extreme environmental conditions. The energy savings are established in a qualitative way, expressed by hours of conventional energy consumption when Bioclimatic design guidelines are applied on buildings placed in the Urban Area and the Non Urban Area of …