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Bixa

The Experts below are selected from a list of 1836 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform

Konstantinos Iliopoulos – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • nonlinear optical properties of poly methyl methacrylate thin films doped with Bixa orellana dye
    Applied Surface Science, 2015
    Co-Authors: S Zongo, Konstantinos Iliopoulos, Ariadni P Kerasidou, B T Sone, A Diallo, Patience Mthunzi

    Abstract:

    Abstract Natural dyes with highly delocalized π-electron systems are considered as promising organic materials for nonlinear optical applications. Among these dyes, Bixa Orellana dye with extended π-electron delocalization is one of the most attractive dyes. Bixa Orellana dye-doped Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) thin films were prepared through spin coating process for linear and nonlinear optical properties investigation. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to evaluate the roughness of the thin films. The optical constants n and k were evaluated by ellipsometric spectroscopy. The refractive index had a maximum of about 1.456 at 508.5, 523.79 and 511.9 nm, while the maximum of k varies from 0.070 to 0.080 with the thickness. The third order nonlinear optical properties of the hybrid Bixa Orellana dye-PMMA polymer were investigated under 30 ps laser irradiation at 1064 nm with a repetition rate of 10 Hz. In particular the third-order nonlinear susceptibility has been determined by means of the Maker Fringes technique. The nonlinear third order susceptibility was found to be 1.00 × 10 −21  m 2  V −2 or 0.72 × 10 −13  esu. Our studies provide concrete evidence that the hybrid-PMMA composites of Bixa dye are prospective candidates for nonlinear material applications.

Monica Pavaripoll – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • using full chloroplast genomes of red and yellow Bixa orellana achiote for kmer based identification and phylogenetic inference
    BMC Genomics, 2020
    Co-Authors: Jorge Villacresvallejo, Anna Wallis, Robin Cagle, Sara M. Handy, Jose Arandaventura, Jeffery T Davis, Elizabeth Reed, Shu Zhang, Errol Strain, Monica Pavaripoll

    Abstract:

    Full chloroplast genomes provide high resolution taxonomic discrimination between closely related plant species and are quickly replacing single and multi-locus barcoding regions as reference materials of choice for DNA based taxonomic annotation of plants. Bixa orellana, commonly known as “achiote” and “annatto” is a plant used for both human and animal foods and was thus identified for full chloroplast sequencing for the Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) Complete Chloroplast Animal Feed database. This work was conducted in collaboration with the Instituto de Medicina Tradicional (IMET) in Iquitos, Peru. There is a wide range of color variation in pods of Bixa orellana for which genetic loci that distinguish phenotypes have not yet been identified. Here we apply whole chloroplast genome sequencing of “red” and “yellow” individuals of Bixa orellana to provide high quality reference genomes to support kmer database development for use identifying this plant from complex mixtures using shotgun data. Additionally, we describe chloroplast gene content, synteny and phylogeny, and identify an indel and snp that may be associated with seed pod color. Fully assembled chloroplast genomes were produced for both red and yellow Bixa orellana accessions (158,918 and 158,823 bp respectively). Synteny and gene content was identical to the only other previously reported full chloroplast genome of Bixa orellana (NC_041550). We observed a 17 base pair deletion at position 58,399–58,415 in both accessions, relative to NC_041550 and a 6 bp deletion at position 75,531–75,526 and a snp at position 86,493 in red Bixa orellana. Our data provide high quality reference genomes of individuals of red and yellow Bixa orellana to support kmer based identity markers for use with shotgun sequencing approaches for rapid, precise identification of Bixa orellana from complex mixtures. Kmer based phylogeny of full chloroplast genomes supports monophylly of Bixaceae consistent with alignment based approaches. A potentially discriminatory indel and snp were identified that may be correlated with the red phenotype.

Sara M. Handy – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • using full chloroplast genomes of red and yellow Bixa orellana achiote for kmer based identification and phylogenetic inference
    BMC Genomics, 2020
    Co-Authors: Jorge Villacresvallejo, Anna Wallis, Robin Cagle, Sara M. Handy, Jose Arandaventura, Jeffery T Davis, Elizabeth Reed, Shu Zhang, Errol Strain, Monica Pavaripoll

    Abstract:

    Full chloroplast genomes provide high resolution taxonomic discrimination between closely related plant species and are quickly replacing single and multi-locus barcoding regions as reference materials of choice for DNA based taxonomic annotation of plants. Bixa orellana, commonly known as “achiote” and “annatto” is a plant used for both human and animal foods and was thus identified for full chloroplast sequencing for the Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) Complete Chloroplast Animal Feed database. This work was conducted in collaboration with the Instituto de Medicina Tradicional (IMET) in Iquitos, Peru. There is a wide range of color variation in pods of Bixa orellana for which genetic loci that distinguish phenotypes have not yet been identified. Here we apply whole chloroplast genome sequencing of “red” and “yellow” individuals of Bixa orellana to provide high quality reference genomes to support kmer database development for use identifying this plant from complex mixtures using shotgun data. Additionally, we describe chloroplast gene content, synteny and phylogeny, and identify an indel and snp that may be associated with seed pod color. Fully assembled chloroplast genomes were produced for both red and yellow Bixa orellana accessions (158,918 and 158,823 bp respectively). Synteny and gene content was identical to the only other previously reported full chloroplast genome of Bixa orellana (NC_041550). We observed a 17 base pair deletion at position 58,399–58,415 in both accessions, relative to NC_041550 and a 6 bp deletion at position 75,531–75,526 and a snp at position 86,493 in red Bixa orellana. Our data provide high quality reference genomes of individuals of red and yellow Bixa orellana to support kmer based identity markers for use with shotgun sequencing approaches for rapid, precise identification of Bixa orellana from complex mixtures. Kmer based phylogeny of full chloroplast genomes supports monophylly of Bixaceae consistent with alignment based approaches. A potentially discriminatory indel and snp were identified that may be correlated with the red phenotype.

  • Full chloroplast genome assembly and phylogeny of “red and “yellow” Bixa orellana, “achiote”; popular source of food coloring and traditional medicine.
    , 2020
    Co-Authors: Jorge Villacres Vallejo, José Aranda Ventura, Anna Wallis, Robin Cagle, Sara M. Handy, Jeffery Davis, Monica Pava-ripoll, David Erickson, Padmini Ramachandran, Andrea Ottesen

    Abstract:

    Abstract
    BackgroundSeeds from Bixa orellana, commonly known as “achiote” and “annatto” produce bixin and norbixin apocarotenoids which impart bright red and orange colors that have been used for thousands of years for food, medicine and body painting by indigenous Americans, and by Europeans for ~ 500 years as food coloring, especially for cheeses. Use of Bixa colorants continues to grow as synthetic dyes come under increased scrutiny for toxicity to human and environmental systems. There is a wide range of color variation in pods of Bixa orellana for which genetic loci that delineate phenotypes have not yet been identified. Whole chloroplast genomes and raw genome skims provide a wide variety of genetic markers that can be used for identification purposes as well as phylogenetic inference of broad scale evolutionary relationships. Here we apply whole chloroplast genome sequencing of “red” and “yellow” individuals of Bixa orellana for phylogenetic analyses to explore the position of Bixaceae relative to other families within the Malvales as well as to underpin future work that may delineate diverse color phenotypes.ResultsFully assembled chloroplast genomes were produced for both red and yellow Bixa orellana accessions (158,918 and 158,823 bp respectively). Synteny and gene content was identical to the only other previously reported full chloroplast genome of Bixa orellana (NC_041550). We observed a 17 base pair deletion at position 58399-58415 in both of our accessions, relative to NC_041550 and a 6 base pair deletion at position 75531-75526 in the accession of “red” Bixa. A phylogeny based on alignment free kmer distance metrics was used to confirm monophylly of Bixa accessions, and to place Bixaceae relative to other families within the Malvales.ConclusionsOur data support Bixaceae as sister to Malvaceae and identified several potentially diagnostic insertion-deletion mutations that may with future work, reliably distinguish between red and yellow phenotypes. In addition to utility for phylogenic questions and development of identity markers, we demonstrate that chloroplast genomes can be used in conjunction with modern bioinformatic search tools (kmer based) to provide rapid and precise identification of Bixa orellana for Next Generation Sequencing approaches to natural product authentication.