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Hariz Halilovich – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • reclaiming erased lives archives records and memories in post war bosnia and the Bosnian diaspora
    Archival Science, 2014
    Co-Authors: Hariz Halilovich

    Abstract:

    In this paper, based on conventional and digital ethnography, I first identify three dominant research areas relating to the issues of destruction, use and abuse of archives and records in post-war Bosnia, and discuss their legal, political and ethical dimensions. I then go on to present two ethnographies describing how survivors of ‘ethnic cleansing’ and genocide in Bosnia and in the Bosnian refugee diaspora perceive, experience and deal with missing personal records and material evidence of their histories, as well as how they (re)create their own archives and memories, and in the process reassert their ‘erased’ identities in both real and cyber space. This paper also describes how contemporary technologies—including biomedical technology and information and communication technology—impact the reconstruction of individual and collective identities in shattered Bosnian families and communities in the aftermath of genocide. The ethnographies described point to the novel contribution that these technologies have made to re-humanising both those who perished and the survivors of the war in Bosnia.

  • Bosnian austrians accidental migrants in trans local and cyber spaces
    Journal of Refugee Studies, 2013
    Co-Authors: Hariz Halilovich

    Abstract:

    This article explores the on-site and online realities of Bosnian immigrants in Austria whose migration, at least initially, started as a forced displacement. It describes how their social networks-performed and sustained both in real and cyber space-are utilized in strengthening social cohesion and trans-local identities in relation to places in Austria and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Ultimately, the article attempts to challenge the established methodological and theoretical orthodoxies in migration studies and to deconstruct the myth about refugees as a ‘societal burden’ subject to charity, arguing that any strict division between different migration categories and paradigms will miss addressing the multiplicity of ever-changing relationships, meanings and opportunities especially as they are (re)imagined in the realm of cyberspace.

  • places of pain forced displacement popular memory and trans local identities in Bosnian war torn communities
    , 2013
    Co-Authors: Hariz Halilovich

    Abstract:

    Table of Figures Acknowledgements A note on pronunciation of some specific Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian characters Glossary of non – English words List of selected abbreviations Chapter 1. The Journey through Bosnian War torn Communities * Writing Displacement of Bosnians * Practical Challenges * Theoretical Challenges * Methodological Challenges * Reflexive Ethnography * Ethics and Politics of the Research Chapter 2. Klotjevac: Forced Displacement and ‘Ethnic Cleansing’ in an Eastern Bosnian Village * Reunion * When You Forget July * Journey to a Village * Once there was a Community * Beliefs and Rituals * Taboos * In Aeljivovica Veritas * Human Geography of the Place * Annihilation of a Community * The ‘(UN)Safe Area’ Srebrenica * Recognising Genocide * Back to the Present * Mapping displacement * Conclusion Chapter 3. Beyond the Sadness: Narratives of Displacement, Refuge and Homecomings among Bosnian Refugees in Austria * Debating Displacement * Narrating Displacement * Sejo in Vienna * Edita’s ‘Wonderland’ in Vienna Mapping Edita’s Lost Home Less than ‘Six Degrees of Separation’ Between Edita and Ibro * Prijedor Region – Blueprint for ‘Ethnic Cleansing’ * Massacre in Hegici * Massacre in Brdo * Edita, Ibro and Sejo in Austria * Edita’s Homecoming * Torn Between Home and Exile, Past and Present Chapter 4. (Dis)Placing Memories: Monuments, Memorials and Commemorations in Post – war Bosnia and Herzegovina * The Funeral at Hegici * Omarska * Keraterm and Trnopolje * Srebrenica/Potocari Commemorations * Mostar Carrying its Cross * Sarajevo Remembers Chapter 5. Reframing Identity in Places of Pain: A Photographic Essay of Displacement and Memory Chapter 6. Trans – local Diasporic Communities in the Age of Transnationalism: Bosnians in Australia, Europe and the US * Debating Diaspora * Emergence of the Bosnian Diaspora * One Family, Two Languages, Many Cultures * ‘German Bosnians’ in Sweden and ‘Aussie Bosnians’ from Germany * The Trans – local Within the Transnational * Brcko in Melbourne * Strengthening Unity through Inter – marriage * Other Forms of Trans – localism in Action * Formation of Trans – local Diasporic Communities * Conclusion Chapter 7. Measuring the Pain of Others: Gendered Displacement, Memory and Identity * Re – counting the Displaced * ‘Not in My Front Yard!’: The Case of Fata Orlovic * Ethnic Engineering * Uncounted ‘Collateral Damage’: The Case of Aunty Edina * (Mis)using IDPs * RefugeeWomen in Diaspora * Mothers’ Children Chapter 8. Concluding the Journey through Bosnian War – torn Communities * Bosnian Vikings * Bosnian Midwesterners * Vienna Blues * Unearthing the Missing in Bosnia * From St Louis to St Albans: All Roads Lead to Hanna’s Cafe Bibliography

Gearoid O Tuathail – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Bosnia’s Third Space? Nationalist Separatism and International Supervision in Bosnia’s Brčko District
    Geopolitics, 2006
    Co-Authors: Carl T. Dahlman, Gearoid O Tuathail

    Abstract:

    This article analyses how the strategic Bosnian locality of Brcko emerged as a distinctive geopolitical space during the post-war period. This resulted from the struggle between separatist nationalisms and the international community over the status of displaced persons in Bosnia, but this struggle played out differently in the municipality of Brcko as its status was unresolved at Dayton and for years afterward. Post-war nationalist rivalry to determine Brcko’s status through the manipulation of displaced persons provoked the creation of the Brcko District as a territorial condominium nominally shared by Bosnia’s two entities but under direct international supervision. Drawing upon fieldwork in Bosnia, we develop a critical geopolitical account of Brcko from wartime through the post-war period to the present. The article concludes by considering whether Brcko as a third geopolitical space holds potential to offer Bosnia a third space, overcoming the oppositional binaries of the war.

  • broken bosnia the localized geopolitics of displacement and return in two Bosnian places
    Annals of The Association of American Geographers, 2005
    Co-Authors: Carl Dahlman, Gearoid O Tuathail

    Abstract:

    Abstract The Dayton Peace Accords brought the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina to an end but left ethnonationalism undefeated and the country divided. The Accords legitimized the wartime entity Republika Srpska, created by ethnic cleansing, yet offered the possibility of reversing ethnic cleansing with Annex VII, which declared the right of those displaced to return to their prewar homes. Implementing Annex VII across ethnonationalist-dominated localities was a struggle of power, capacity, and law over the control of place in postwar Bosnia. This article examines the localized geopolitics of wartime displacement and postwar returns in two contrasting Bosnian counties, Zvornik in eastern Bosnia, and Jajce in central Bosnia. Based on extensive fieldwork in both places, the article documents how the Bosnian wars radically transformed the demographic character and cultural landscape of both places. The postwar effort to implement Annex VII developed as a struggle over place between entrenched local ethnonational…

Maha Gakenyi – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • comparing refugees and nonrefugees the Bosnian experience
    Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 2005
    Co-Authors: Nigel Hunt, Maha Gakenyi

    Abstract:

    Abstract The Bosnian War (1992–1995) led to millions of Bosnians being either internally displaced or seeking refuge in other countries. The present study compares the mental health status of refugees with people who were internally displaced. Questionnaires examining wartime experiences, traumatic symptoms and personality were administered to 190 Bosnians (69 refugees and 121 internally displaced). Refugees scored significantly higher on traumatic symptoms. Traumatic symptoms are related to harm avoidant personality traits. Certain war experiences were also associated with greater symptomatology. The findings show that there may be more serious longer-term psychological problems in people who are forced to leave their country during wartime. This may be linked to personality. There are social, political, and treatment implications of these findings.