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Streptococcus Pneumoniae

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Li Wenji - One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Detection of Streptococcus Pneumoniae Antigen in Urine and Study on Pneumococcal Pneumonia in Children
    The Journal of Medical Theory and Practice, 2012
    Co-Authors: Li Wenji
    Abstract:

    Objective:To explore the usefulness of pneumococcal antigen test for diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia in children.Methods:Choose May 2011 to May 2012 our hospital pediatric cases of respiratory tract infections in children under 5 years old,for each training while collecting blood and urine samples of children with,with colloidal gold method for the determination of urinary Streptococcus Pneumoniae antigens,standard culture method on blood test.Results:In 276 cases children,Streptococcus Pneumoniae antigen positive rate 16.3%,blood culture positive rate of 9.4%,Streptococcus Pneumoniae antigen positive group(88.5%) Streptococcus Pneumoniae-positive urine rate significantly higher than the negative group(8.8%)(P0.01).Colloidal gold determination by mother of Streptococcus Pneumoniae antigen sensitivity,specificity and accuracy,respectively were 88.5%,91.2% and 90.0%.Conclusion:Streptococcus Pneumoniae antigen in urine can be used for assisted diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia in children.

Trias Nugrahadi - One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae Drugs Resistance in Acute Rhinosinusitis
    Althea Medical Journal, 2016
    Co-Authors: Chong Jie Hao, Chrysanti Chrysanti, Trias Nugrahadi
    Abstract:

    Background : Acute rhinosinusitis that usually caused by Streptococcus Pneumoniae becomes the reason why patients seek for medical care. Drugs resistance in Streptococcus Pneumoniae is increasing worldwide. This study was conducted to determine drugs resistance of Streptococcus pneumonia from acute rhinosinusitis in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital. Methods : A descriptive laboratory study was conducted in June–October 2014 at the Laboratory of Microbiology Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran. The sample was taken using nasopharyngeal swabbing from 100 acute rhinosinusitis patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital and planted on tryptic soy agar containing 5% sheep blood and 5 μg/ml of gentamicin sulphate and then incubated in 5% CO2 incubator at 37°C for 24 hours. The identification of Streptococcus pneumonia was performed by optochin test. The susceptibility test against Streptococcus Pneumoniae was done using disk diffusion method.The antibiotic disks were trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, oxacillin, levofloxacin, azithromycin, and doxycycline. Results : Out of 100 samples, 8 of them were tested positive for Streptococcus Pneumoniae. Three of Streptococcus Pneumoniae isolates died with unknown reason after it were stored at -80 .The drugs resistance test showed the resistance of Streptococcus pneumonia to oxacillin, azithromycin and trimethoprim were 6, whereas levofloxacin and doxycycline are 4. Conclusions : Streptococcus pneumonia drugs resistance in acute rhinosinusitis shows the resistance of Streptococcus Pneumoniae to oxacillin, azithromycin and trimethoprim are 6, whereas the resistance to levofloxacin and doxycycline are 4. [AMJ.2016;3(1):64–8] DOI:  10.15850/amj.v3n1.722

Stanford T. Shulman - One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae empyema necessitatis.
    The Pediatric infectious disease journal, 2004
    Co-Authors: Alexandra F. Freeman, Tamar Ben-ami, Stanford T. Shulman
    Abstract:

    Empyema necessitatis is a rare complication of empyema characterized by extension of suppuration from the pleural space through the chest wall. The most common etiologies are tuberculosis and actinomycosis. We describe a 1-year-old boy with Streptococcus Pneumoniae empyema necessitatis and review previously reported cases.

Gabriel Chamie - One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae keratitis.
    Journal of hospital medicine, 2008
    Co-Authors: Prashant D. Bhave, Gabriel Chamie
    Abstract:

    A 45-year-old man with HIV infection (CD4 count of 6 cells per cubic millimeter) presented after 2 days of diminishing visual acuity and pain in his right eye. Examination revealed a corneal ulceration and hypopyon (Fig. 1, white arrow). Chest radiograph demonstrated right lower lobe pneumonia. Cultures of the hypopyon, sputum, and blood grew Streptococcus Pneumoniae. The patient was treated with IV ceftriaxone as well as fortified tobramycin, vancomycin, and doxycycline eye drops with intravitreal vancomycin. The patient’s vision and eye pain gradually improved, and he was discharged home. Infectious ulcerative keratitis is a rare entity, most often resulting from direct corneal invasion by bacterial or fungal organisms. This case appears to involve hematogenous spread. Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Staphylococcus, and Pseudomonas are the most common bacterial pathogens. Broad-spectrum topical antibiotics are the cornerstone of therapy. Topical steroids may be administered once the infection is under control. Address for correspondence and reprint requests: Prashant Bhave, MD, 505 Parnassus, M980, San Francisco, CA 94117; E-mail: prashant.bhave@ucsf. edu

Li Ling-pin - One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Analysis on the separation and drug-resistance of 461 strains of Streptococcus Pneumoniae from children
    Modern Preventive Medicine, 2014
    Co-Authors: Li Ling-pin
    Abstract:

    Objective This study was conducted to understand the separation of clinical bacterial and drug-resistance of Streptococcus Pneumoniae infection for children in Sichuan, in order to investigate the changes of Streptococcus Pneumoniae in recent years, and improve the rational use of drug in clinical practice. Methods The study was conducted by a retrospective analysis in the west China second university hospital from January 2008 to May 2013. Results Four hundred and sixty-one strains of Streptococcus Pneumoniae were separated during the six years. There were ten varieties of sample types including sputum, blood,cerebrospinal fluid, and so on. The separation was mainly from the sputum(92.0%). The drug-resistance rate towards penicillin and erythromycin was 9.76% and 99.57%, respectively. Most of the Streptococcus Pneumoniae were more sensitive to cefotaxime(73.10%), and ofloxacin(99.57%). Vancomycin resistant strain was not identified. Conclusion It was of great importance to reinforce the study of drug-resistance of Streptococcus Pneumoniae, reduce the incidence of infection caused by Streptococcus Pneumoniae in children, and decrease the irrational use of antibiotics.