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Paul C. Gorski – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Racial battle fatigue and activist burnout in racial justice Activists of color at predominately White colleges and universities
    Race Ethnicity and Education, 2018
    Co-Authors: Paul C. Gorski


    ABSTRACTActivist burnout scholarship has inadequately considered challenges marginalized-identity Activists, such as racial justice Activists of color, experience in the course of their activism – challenges from which privileged identity Activists, such as white racial justice Activists, are protected. This article attempts to address this gap through a phenomenological study examining activist burnout in racial justice Activists of color whose primary sites of activism are predominantly white colleges and universities in the United States at which they work. In order to stretch activist burnout theory to differentiate unique marginalized-identity Activists’ burnout causes from general causes that do not consider specific activist identities, the lens of racial battle fatigue is employed. Findings show that, although participants shared many causes of burnout that are consistent with general non-identity-specific causes described in existing literature, racial battle fatigue hastened their burnout while …

  • Fighting racism, battling burnout: causes of activist burnout in US racial justice Activists
    Ethnic and Racial Studies, 2018
    Co-Authors: Paul C. Gorski


    ABSTRACTSocial movement scholars have identified activist burnout – when the accumulation of stressors associated with activism become so overwhelming they compromise Activists’ persistence in their activism – as a threat to movement viability. This phenomenological study on the causes of burnout among racial justice Activists in the United States was designed to bolster understandings of burnout and inform strategies for sustaining racial justice movements. Thirty racial justice Activists who had experienced burnout were interviewed. They described four primary burnout causes: emotional-dispositional causes, structural causes, backlash causes, and in-movement causes. Implications for activist and movement sustainability are discussed.

  • burnout in social justice and human rights Activists symptoms causes and implications
    Journal of Human Rights Practice, 2015
    Co-Authors: Cher Weixia Chen, Paul C. Gorski


    Although people involved in every kind of professional or volunteer work can be susceptible to vocational burnout, research suggests that social justice and human rights (SJHR) Activists, whose activist work is fraught with unique challenges, can be especially susceptible to it. Building on a small but growing body of scholarship on SJHR activist burnout, this study is an attempt to gain insight into SJHR Activists’ own experiences. In order to deepen the relatively slim present understandings of SJHR activist burnout, we adopted a grounded theory approach to analyse interview data from 22 SJHR Activists involved in a wide variety of SJHR movements and organizations in the United States. This analysis revealed patterns in the Activists’ perceptions of the symptoms, causes, and implications of their burnout and pointed to several dimensions of the internal cultures of United States SJHR movements and organizations, including, in the words of one our participants, a ‘culture of martyrdom’, that hasten activist burnout and, as a result, render SJHR activism less effective and efficient. We discussed these findings and how they might inform efforts to strengthen SJHR movements by tending to the well-being of SJHR Activists.

Anne-marie Oostveen – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • CITIZENS AND Activists.
    Information Communication & Society, 2010
    Co-Authors: Anne-marie Oostveen


    Much has been said about the use of email and other information and communication technologies by online Activists to communicate their message to the general public, to recruit and mobilize fellow advocates, and to reach the mass media. However, largely absent from the literature are studies exploring the use of email by the public to communicate and interact with campaigners. This paper investigates why citizens email campaigners and whether email exchanges between the public and Activists inform campaigning tactics. The data used in this article include the results of content analysis of the archive of an email list, participant observation, and informal interviews with the grassroots Activists of a Dutch single-issue campaign against black box electronic voting. The research shows that the possibility for citizens to communicate with a grassroots campaign has been beneficial for both the civic writer and the Activists. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

David G Victor – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • how Activists perceive the utility of international law
    The Journal of Politics, 2016
    Co-Authors: Emilie Marie Hafnerburton, Brad L Leveck, David G Victor


    Scholars agree that international law works in part by empowering Activists and have elaborated activist-focused theories particularly in the domains of environment and human rights. Some theories emphasize accountability—that law helps Activists coerce, punish, and deter offenders. Others emphasize that law helps to foster dialogue that leads to the acceptance of norms, trust, and capacity to foster compliance. Possibly, law does both. We assess these views with a pair of survey experiments applied to 243 highly experienced NGO professionals who have firsthand experience in either environment or human rights. Activists believe that NGOs would be less effective at reducing emissions of greenhouse gases or violations of core human rights in the absence of international law. They see the chief value of law arising through accountability politics rather than by fostering dialogue or capacity. However, the two communities have different views about whether binding or nonbinding agreements work best in their d…