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Aegilops tauschii

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Yoshihiro Matsuoka – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • intraspecific lineage divergence and its association with reproductive trait change during species range expansion in central eurasian wild wheat Aegilops tauschii coss poaceae
    BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2015
    Co-Authors: Yoshihiro Matsuoka, Shigeo Takumi, Taihachi Kawahara

    Abstract:

    Background
    How species ranges form in landscapes is a matter of long-standing evolutionary interest. However, little is known about how natural phenotypic variations of ecologically important traits contribute to species range expansion. In this study, we examined the phylogeographic patterns of phenotypic changes in life history (seed production) and phenological (flowering time) traits during the range expansion of Aegilops tauschii Coss. from the Transcaucasus and Middle East to central Asia.

  • Applicability of Aegilops tauschii drought tolerance traits to breeding of hexaploid wheat
    Breeding science, 2011
    Co-Authors: Quahir Sohail, Tomoe Inoue, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Amin Elsadig Eltayeb, Yoshihiro Matsuoka, Hisashi Tsujimoto

    Abstract:

    Few genes are available to develop drought-tolerant bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars. One way to enhance bread wheat’s genetic diversity would be to take advantage of the diversity of wild species by creating synthetic hexaploid wheat (SW) with the genomic constitution of bread wheat. In this study, we compared the expression of traits encoded at different ploidy levels and evaluated the applicability of Aegilops tauschii drought-related traits using 33 Ae. tauschii accessions along with their corresponding SW lines under well-watered and drought conditions. We found wide variation in Ae. tauschii, and even wider variation in the SW lines. Some SW lines were more drought-tolerant than the standard cultivar Cham 6. Aegilops tauschii from some regions gave better performing SW lines. The traits of Ae. tauschii were not significantly correlated with their corresponding SW lines, indicating that the traits expressed in wild diploid relatives of wheat may not predict the traits that will be expressed in SW lines derived from them. We suggest that, regardless of the adaptability and performance of the Ae. tauschii under drought, production of SW could probably result in genotypes with enhanced trait expression due to gene interactions, and that the traits of the synthetic should be evaluated in hexaploid level.

  • population structure of wild wheat d genome progenitor Aegilops tauschii coss implications for intraspecific lineage diversification and evolution of common wheat
    Molecular Ecology, 2010
    Co-Authors: Nobuyuki Mizuno, Taihachi Kawahara, Yoshihiro Matsuoka, Masanori Yamasaki, Shigeo Takumi

    Abstract:

    Aegilops tauschii Coss. is the D-genome progenitor of hexaploid wheat. Aegilops tauschii, a wild diploid species, has a wide natural species range in central Eurasia, spreading from Turkey to western China. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis using a total of 122 accessions of Ae. tauschii was conducted to clarify the population structure of this widespread wild wheat species. Phylogenetic and principal component analyses revealed two major lineages in Ae. tauschii. Bayesian population structure analyses based on the AFLP data showed that lineages one (L1) and two (L2) were respectively significantly divided into six and three sublineages. Only four out of the six L1 sublineages were diverged from those of western habitats in the Transcaucasia and northern Iran region to eastern habitats such as Pakistan and Afghanistan. Other sublineages including L2 were distributed to a limited extent in the western region. Subspecies strangulata seemed to be differentiated in one sublineage of L2. Among three major haplogroups (HG7, HG9 and HG16) previously identified in the Ae. tauschii population based on chloroplast variation, HG7 accessions were widely distributed to both L1 and L2, HG9 accessions were restricted to L2, and HG16 accessions belonged to L1, suggesting that HG9 and HG16 were formed from HG7 after divergence of the first two lineages of the nuclear genome. These results on the population structure of Ae. tauschii and the genealogical relationship among Ae. tauschii accessions should provide important agricultural and evolutionary knowledge on genetic resources and conservation of natural genetic diversity.

You-liang Zheng – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • genome wide association study of 29 morphological traits in Aegilops tauschii
    Scientific Reports, 2015
    Co-Authors: Yaxi Liu, Lang Wang, Ji-rui Wang, Yu-ming Wei, Shuangshuang Mao, Kun Liu, You-liang Zheng

    Abstract:

    Aegilops tauschii is the D-genome progenitor of hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum). It is considered to be an important source of genetic variation for wheat breeding, and its genome is an invaluable reference for wheat genomics. We conducted a genome-wide association study using 7,185 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers across 322 diverse accessions of Ae. tauschii that were systematically phenotyped for 29 morphological traits in order to identify marker-trait associations and candidate genes, assess genetic diversity, and classify the accessions based on phenotypic data and genotypic comparison. Using the general linear model and mixed linear model, we identified a total of 18 SNPs significantly associated with 10 morphological traits. Systematic search of the flanking sequences of trait-associated SNPs in public databases identified several genes that may be linked to variations in phenotypes. Cluster analysis using phenotypic data grouped accessions into four clusters, while accessions in the same cluster were not from the same Ae. tauschii subspecies or from the same area of origin. This work establishes a fundamental research platform for association studies in Ae. tauschii and also provides useful information for understanding the genetic mechanism of agronomic traits in wheat.

  • Genome-wide association study of phosphorus-deficiency-tolerance traits in Aegilops tauschii
    TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik, 2015
    Co-Authors: Yaxi Liu, Lang Wang, Mei Deng, Ji-rui Wang, Yu-ming Wei, You-liang Zheng

    Abstract:

    Key message
    Using GWAS, 13 significant SNPs distributed on six of the seven Aegilops tauschii chromosomes (all but 5D) were identified, and several candidate P-deficiency-responsive genes were proposed from searches of public databases.

  • Characterization and expression analysis of WOX2 homeodomain transcription factor in Aegilops tauschii
    Genetics and molecular biology, 2014
    Co-Authors: Shan Zhao, Yaxi Liu, Ji-rui Wang, Qian-tao Jiang, Guoyue Chen, You-liang Zheng

    Abstract:

    The WUSCHEL (WUS)-related homeobox (WOX) gene family coordinates transcription during the early phases of embryogenesis. In this study, a putative WOX2 homolog was isolated and characterized from Aegilops tauschii, the donor of D genome of Triticum aestivum. The sequence consisted of 2045 bp, and contained an open reading frame (ORF), encoded 322 amino acids. The predicted protein sequence contained a highly conserved homeodomain and the WUS-box domain, which is present in some members of the WOX protein family. The full-length ORF was subcloned into prokaryotic expression vector pET-30a, and an approximately 34-kDa protein was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) cells with IPTG induction. The molecular mass of the expressed protein was identical to that predicted by the cDNA sequence. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that Ae. tauschii WOX2 is closely related to the rice and maize orthologs. Quantitative PCR analysis showed that WOX2 from Ae. tauschii was primarily expressed in the seeds; transcription increased during seed development and declined after the embryos matured, suggesting that WOX2 is associated with embryo development in Ae. tauschii.

Taihachi Kawahara – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • intraspecific lineage divergence and its association with reproductive trait change during species range expansion in central eurasian wild wheat Aegilops tauschii coss poaceae
    BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2015
    Co-Authors: Yoshihiro Matsuoka, Shigeo Takumi, Taihachi Kawahara

    Abstract:

    Background
    How species ranges form in landscapes is a matter of long-standing evolutionary interest. However, little is known about how natural phenotypic variations of ecologically important traits contribute to species range expansion. In this study, we examined the phylogeographic patterns of phenotypic changes in life history (seed production) and phenological (flowering time) traits during the range expansion of Aegilops tauschii Coss. from the Transcaucasus and Middle East to central Asia.

  • population structure of wild wheat d genome progenitor Aegilops tauschii coss implications for intraspecific lineage diversification and evolution of common wheat
    Molecular Ecology, 2010
    Co-Authors: Nobuyuki Mizuno, Taihachi Kawahara, Yoshihiro Matsuoka, Masanori Yamasaki, Shigeo Takumi

    Abstract:

    Aegilops tauschii Coss. is the D-genome progenitor of hexaploid wheat. Aegilops tauschii, a wild diploid species, has a wide natural species range in central Eurasia, spreading from Turkey to western China. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis using a total of 122 accessions of Ae. tauschii was conducted to clarify the population structure of this widespread wild wheat species. Phylogenetic and principal component analyses revealed two major lineages in Ae. tauschii. Bayesian population structure analyses based on the AFLP data showed that lineages one (L1) and two (L2) were respectively significantly divided into six and three sublineages. Only four out of the six L1 sublineages were diverged from those of western habitats in the Transcaucasia and northern Iran region to eastern habitats such as Pakistan and Afghanistan. Other sublineages including L2 were distributed to a limited extent in the western region. Subspecies strangulata seemed to be differentiated in one sublineage of L2. Among three major haplogroups (HG7, HG9 and HG16) previously identified in the Ae. tauschii population based on chloroplast variation, HG7 accessions were widely distributed to both L1 and L2, HG9 accessions were restricted to L2, and HG16 accessions belonged to L1, suggesting that HG9 and HG16 were formed from HG7 after divergence of the first two lineages of the nuclear genome. These results on the population structure of Ae. tauschii and the genealogical relationship among Ae. tauschii accessions should provide important agricultural and evolutionary knowledge on genetic resources and conservation of natural genetic diversity.

  • natural variation of morphological traits in wild wheat progenitor Aegilops tauschii coss
    Breeding Science, 2009
    Co-Authors: Shigeo Takumi, Taihachi Kawahara, Emi Nishioka, Haruhiko Morihiro, Yoshihiro Matsuoka

    Abstract:

    Aegilops tauschii Coss. (syn Ae. squarrosa L.) is a wild diploid wheat species. It has a wide natural species range in central Eurasia, spreading from northern Syria and Turkey to western China. Ae. tauschii is known as the D genome progenitor of hexaploid bread wheat. The genealogical and geographical structure of variation of morphological traits was analyzed using a diverse array of 205 sample accessions that represented the entire species range. In total, 27 traits, including anther and pistil shape and internode length, were examined in this study. Large-scale natural variation was found for all examined traits. Geographically, significant longitudinal clines were detected for anther size, internode length and spike size and shape. Anthers tended to be small in accessions from the eastern region. Internodes also tended to be short, whereas spikes tended to be long in accessions from the eastern region. Spikelet density per spike tended to be high in the eastern habitats. In the process of west-to-east dispersal, Ae. tauschii underwent extensive morphological, genetic and ecological diversification that produced the variation seen among today’s natural populations.