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Aeration Basin

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Kai Bester – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Fate of Triclosan and Triclosan-Methyl in Sewage TreatmentPlants and Surface Waters
    Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2005
    Co-Authors: Kai Bester

    Abstract:

    The fate of triclosan in diverse stages of two sewage treatment processes has been determined. The elimination process differed considerably depending on the technology applied in the respective sewage treatment plant (STP). The plant operating with a two-stage biologic (activated sludge) process removed triclosan more efficiently than the STP with a combination of physical and activated sludge process. The treatment in the Aeration Basin was the dominant elimination mechanism, whereas the final biologic filter was not very effective. The elimination rates for triclosan were 87% and 95%, respectively. These data were compared with emissions of a multitude of STPs in the river Ruhr catchment area as well as triclosan and its known transformation product, triclosan-methyl, in the river. The concentrations of both compounds were between

  • fate of triclosan and triclosan methyl in sewage treatment plants and surface waters
    Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2005
    Co-Authors: Kai Bester

    Abstract:

    The fate of triclosan in diverse stages of two sewage treatment processes has been determined. The elimination process differed considerably depending on the technology applied in the respective sewage treatment plant (STP). The plant operating with a two-stage biologic (activated sludge) process removed triclosan more efficiently than the STP with a combination of physical and activated sludge process. The treatment in the Aeration Basin was the dominant elimination mechanism, whereas the final biologic filter was not very effective. The elimination rates for triclosan were 87% and 95%, respectively. These data were compared with emissions of a multitude of STPs in the river Ruhr catchment area as well as triclosan and its known transformation product, triclosan-methyl, in the river. The concentrations of both compounds were between <3 and 10 ng/L in true surface-water samples for triclosan and between 0.3 and 10 ng/L for triclosan-methyl. The STP effluents held higher concentrations (10 to 600 ng/L triclosan). The ratio of triclosan to triclosan-methyl did not change significantly within the longitudinal profile of the river, but diverse STPs discharging to the river exhibited individual triclosan-to-triclosan-methyl ratios. From the riverine concentration data, in-river elimination rates and half-life were estimated.

Timothy Vogel – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Monitoring of bacterial communities during low temperature thermal treatment of activated sludge combining DNA phylochip and respirometry techniques
    Water Research, 2010
    Co-Authors: Marina Hery, Hervé Sanguin, Sergio Fabiel, Xavier Lefebvre, Timothy Vogel

    Abstract:

    Sludge reduction is one of the major challenges in biological wastewater treatment. One approach is to increase the sludge degradation yield together with the biodegradation kinetics. Among the various sludge pretreatment strategies proposed, thermal pretreatment at around 65 degrees C was described as promising. The enhancement in the biodegradation activity due to the selection of thermophilic hydrolytic bacteria was proposed, but further experiments are needed to demonstrate the specific role of these bacteria. In this study, concentrated activated sludge grown at 20 C was subjected to thermal treatment at 65 C for different periods. The originality of the work relied on a polyphasic approach based on the correlation between kinetics (chemical oxygen demand, COD; mixed liquor suspended solids, MLSS), bacterial activity (respirometry) and bacterial community structure (phylochip monitoring) in order to characterize the mechanisms involved in the thermal reduction of sludge. The bacterial activity in the Aeration Basin decreased to a very low level when recycling sludge was treated at 65 degrees C from 13 to 60 h, but then, started to increase after 60 h. In parallel to these fluctuations in activity, a drastic shift occurred in the bacterial community structure with the selection of thermophilic bacteria (mainly related to genera Paenibacillus and Bacillus), which are known for their specific hydrolases.

Marina Hery – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Monitoring of bacterial communities during low temperature thermal treatment of activated sludge combining DNA phylochip and respirometry techniques
    Water Research, 2010
    Co-Authors: Marina Hery, Hervé Sanguin, Sergio Fabiel, Xavier Lefebvre, Timothy Vogel

    Abstract:

    Sludge reduction is one of the major challenges in biological wastewater treatment. One approach is to increase the sludge degradation yield together with the biodegradation kinetics. Among the various sludge pretreatment strategies proposed, thermal pretreatment at around 65 degrees C was described as promising. The enhancement in the biodegradation activity due to the selection of thermophilic hydrolytic bacteria was proposed, but further experiments are needed to demonstrate the specific role of these bacteria. In this study, concentrated activated sludge grown at 20 C was subjected to thermal treatment at 65 C for different periods. The originality of the work relied on a polyphasic approach based on the correlation between kinetics (chemical oxygen demand, COD; mixed liquor suspended solids, MLSS), bacterial activity (respirometry) and bacterial community structure (phylochip monitoring) in order to characterize the mechanisms involved in the thermal reduction of sludge. The bacterial activity in the Aeration Basin decreased to a very low level when recycling sludge was treated at 65 degrees C from 13 to 60 h, but then, started to increase after 60 h. In parallel to these fluctuations in activity, a drastic shift occurred in the bacterial community structure with the selection of thermophilic bacteria (mainly related to genera Paenibacillus and Bacillus), which are known for their specific hydrolases.