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Chitja Twala – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • The African National Congress (ANC) and Its Ideological Shifts Over Time: Attempts to Define or Re-Define Its Ideological Identity?
    Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 2014
    Co-Authors: Chitja Twala

    Abstract:

    The study investigates the ideological challenges facing the African National Congress (ANC) from being a liberation movement to it becoming the ruling party in South Africa. The study argues whether there has been an ideological evolution within the ANC or not. Furthermore, the study contends that what the ANC aspired to ideologically, as a liberation movement prior to democratisation in April 1994, is not the same as what it is confronted with as the current ruling party in South Africa. It is clear from this study that the ANC has experienced some changes from its founding principles of 1912. With a number of political changes in the South African political landscape and the changes in the challenges confronting the movement over time, the party was bound to undergo some evolutionary progress. It is argued in this study that theorising about the ideologies of liberation movements are meaningless unless the mapping out of the courses of these ideological shifts of fundamentally defining and re-defining the status of such movements over time is undertaken. Therefore, this study traces how such an evolution has happened within the ANC and what ideological impact it has had on the history of the movement. DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n20p1988

  • The Historical Significance of the African National Congress (ANC) Election Campaigns 1994-2014: A Genuine Process of Political Liberalisation?
    Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 2014
    Co-Authors: Chitja Twala

    Abstract:

    The aspirations of a ‘new’ democratic South Africa which were realised after the April 1994 general elections marked a critical moment of freedom for the majority of the country’s citizens who were refused the right to vote by the apartheid government prior to 1994. Unshackled from centuries of colonialism and apartheid, the idea of a ‘new’ South Africa held within it the aspirations of freedom, dignity and equality. The April 1994 election and the others which followed later marked more than a simple transfer of power. Rather, they signified the moment of liberation and the final victory over racial oppression and subjugation. Almost 20 years since the first general elections in South Africa, the study traces the role played by the African National Congress (ANC) and its election campaigns which made it victorious from 1994 to 2014. It is argued in the study that key rituals in the performance of democracy and election campaigns are windows providing insight into a particular political, social and cultural milieu at a particular time. The study concludes by showing the ANC’s campaigning strategies over the past elections. DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n7p562

  • the leadership contest and the results of the 53rd African National Congress s anc s National elective conference in mangaung bloemfontein 16 20 december 2012 democracy unfolding
    Mediterranean journal of social sciences, 2014
    Co-Authors: Chitja Twala

    Abstract:

    The year 2012 was a historic one for the ruling African National Congress (ANC) in South Africa. The party started the year by successfully celebrating its 100 years on 8 January 2012 in Mangaung (Bloemfontein) and ended it by hosting the 53rd National Elective Conference in the very same city on 16-20 December 2012 at the University of the Free State (UFS) Bloemfontein Campus. Despite of all the leadership and policy challenges the party was faced with ahead of this conference, in order to bring remarkable changes within itself, its leadership tried to mastermind this National elective conference in a professional way. This study analyses the leadership contest and the results of this conference by highlighting the tensions that existed between the supporters of the two candidates vying for the president’s position. Furthermore, it scrutinises the emergence of slates within the party, a phenomenon that divided it into two contesting groups, namely, the Jacob Zuma’s camp (which supported his second term as President of the ANC) and the Kgalema Motlanthe’s camp (popularly viewed as ‘Regime Change’ group). The latter campaigned for preventing Zuma from getting a second term. This leadership division and contest within ANC prior and after the Mangaung Conference had both the social and political consequences for the South Africa electorate. Critical issues confronting the ANC, which include among others, the status of the party’s post the Mangaung Conference will be discussed. DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n3p591

J. Haasbroek – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Founding venue of the African National Congress (1912): Wesleyan school, Fort Sreet, Waaihoek, Bloemfontein : conclusion
    , 2002
    Co-Authors: J. Haasbroek

    Abstract:

    It would seem that for various reasons the precise founding venue of the African National Congress (ANC) in Bloemfontein has remained unknown until the present time. Although a number of assumptions had been made in this regard, amongst others that the Waaihoek or Batho home of the well-known Thomas Mapikela were the founding venue of the organisation, none could claim scientific substance. In February 2002 the author of this study eventually obtained evidence which detennined, without doubt, that the Wesleyan Church’s school (1904) for black children in Fort Street, Waaihoek, is the building in which the ANC’s founding Congress took place on 8 January 1912. The purpose of this study is, threefold in nature: firstly, to reflect on the assumptions made over the years regarding the ANC’s birthplace in the city and the manner in which writers and historians approached the subject; secondly, to give scientific substance to the actual founding venue of the organisation and also to relate the history of the building, and thirdly, to briefly examine the events of the founding day.

  • Founding venue of the African National Congress (1912): Wesleyan school, Fort Sreet, Waaihoek, Bloemfontein : founding of the ANC
    , 2002
    Co-Authors: J. Haasbroek

    Abstract:

    It would seem that for various reasons the precise founding venue of the African National Congress (ANC) in Bloemfontein has remained unknown until the present time. Although a number of assumptions had been made in this regard, amongst others that the Waaihoek or Batho home of the well-known Thomas Mapikela were the founding venue of the organisation, none could claim scientific substance. In February 2002 the author of this study eventually obtained evidence which detennined, without doubt, that the Wesleyan Church’s school (1904) for black children in Fort Street, Waaihoek, is the building in which the ANC’s founding Congress took place on 8 January 1912. The purpose of this study is, threefold in nature: firstly, to reflect on the assumptions made over the years regarding the ANC’s birthplace in the city and the manner in which writers and historians approached the subject; secondly, to give scientific substance to the actual founding venue of the organisation and also to relate the history of the building, and thirdly, to briefly examine the events of the founding day.

  • Founding venue of the African National Congress (1912): Wesleyan school, Fort Sreet, Waaihoek, Bloemfontein : the actual founding venue of the ANC
    , 2002
    Co-Authors: J. Haasbroek

    Abstract:

    It would seem that for various reasons the precise founding venue of the African National Congress (ANC) in Bloemfontein has remained unknown until the present time. Although a number of assumptions had been made in this regard, amongst others that the Waaihoek or Batho home of the well-known Thomas Mapikela were the founding venue of the organisation, none could claim scientific substance. In February 2002 the author of this study eventually obtained evidence which detennined, without doubt, that the Wesleyan Church’s school (1904) for black children in Fort Street, Waaihoek, is the building in which the ANC’s founding Congress took place on 8 January 1912. The purpose of this study is, threefold in nature: firstly, to reflect on the assumptions made over the years regarding the ANC’s birthplace in the city and the manner in which writers and historians approached the subject; secondly, to give scientific substance to the actual founding venue of the organisation and also to relate the history of the building, and thirdly, to briefly examine the events of the founding day.

Fiona Anciano – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Non-racialism and the African National Congress: views from the branch
    Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 2014
    Co-Authors: Fiona Anciano

    Abstract:

    South Africa’s ruling party is well known as an organisation that supports the ideal of non-racialism. However, the extent to which the African National Congress (ANC) has defined and instrumentalised the concept of non-racialism is contested. This article looks at the history of non-racialism in the party and more recent interpretations by ANC leadership, before examining how non-racialism is understood, 19 years into democracy, by members of the party. Based on interviews with over 45 ANC branch members, the article describes how members, broadly speaking, have deep-seated concerns with non-racialism in the ANC and in society more generally. There is recognition from ANC branch members that race relations have significantly improved since the ANC moved into government; however, they feel not enough change has taken place and that racial tensions are impeding social cohesion and concomitant growth and progress in the country. There is division among members in regards to the efficacy and impact of the pa…