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Robert C Wicklein – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
designing for Appropriate Technology in developing countriesTechnology in Society, 1998Co-Authors: Robert C WickleinAbstract:
Abstract This paper seeks to identify and describe criteria to predict and influence the success or failure of new technological applications to meet needs or solve problems in developing countries, including educational needs. By identifying and examining the social contexts of a given culture along with its existing level of technological development, selection of Appropriate types of educational Technology could be enhanced, and prevent the waste of human and economic resources. This method of selecting Appropriate Technology is based on the idea that advanced Technology is often inAppropriate for the needs it is attempting to address within developing countries.
Joshua M. Pearce – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
The case for open source Appropriate TechnologyEnvironment Development and Sustainability, 2012Co-Authors: Joshua M. PearceAbstract:
Much of the widespread poverty, environmental desecration, and waste of human life seen around the globe could be prevented by known (to humanity as a whole) technologies, many of which are simply not available to those that need it. This lack of access to critical information for sustainable development is directly responsible for a morally and ethically unacceptable level of human suffering and death. A solution to this general problem is the concept of open source Appropriate Technology or OSAT, which refers to technologies that provide for sustainable development while being designed in the same fashion as free and open source software. OSAT is made up of technologies that are easily and economically utilized from readily available resources by local communities to meet their needs and must meet the boundary conditions set by environmental, cultural, economic, and educational resource constraints of the local community. This paper explores both the open source and Appropriate Technology aspects of OSAT to create a paradigm, in which anyone can both learn how to make and use needed technologies free of intellectual property concerns. At the same time, anyone can also add to the collective open source knowledge ecosystem or knowledge commons by contributing ideas, designs, observations, experimental data, deployment logs, etc. It is argued that if OSAT continues to grow and takes hold globally creating a vibrant virtual community to share Technology plans and experiences, a new technological revolution built on a dispersed network of innovators working together to create a just sustainable world is possible.
Barriers to Appropriate Technology Growth in Sustainable DevelopmentJournal of Sustainable Development, 2011Co-Authors: Ivana Zelenika, Joshua M. PearceAbstract:
Given the urgency of development problems world-wide, as well as the opportunities of open source Appropriate Technology (OSAT) to help expedite sustainable development goals, a better understanding of the barriers limiting the scaling of OSAT is needed. In this study, key organizations and researchers working in the field of Appropriate Technology (AT) were interviewed to identify barriers to OSAT. The data was analyzed via pattern coding and content analysis. Results reveal that among the most pressing problems for those working in the field of AT were the need for better communication and collaboration between the agencies and communities to share the knowledge and resources, and to work in partnership. Specific barriers include: i) AT seen as inferior or “poor person’s” Technology, ii) technical transferability and robustness of AT, iii) insufficient funding, iv) weak institutional support, and v) the challenges of distance and time in tackling rural poverty. Finally, future work is outlined to better understand and overcome these barriers.
overcoming technical constraints for obtaining sustainable development with open source Appropriate TechnologyIEEE Toronto International Conference Science and Technology for Humanity, 2009Co-Authors: Joshua M. Pearce, Usman MushtaqAbstract:
Open source Appropriate Technology (OSAT) refers to technologies that provide for sustainable development while being designed in the same fashion as free and open-source software. Facilitated by advances in information Technology software and hardware, new ways to disseminate information such as wikis and Internetenabled mobile phones, the global development of OSAT has emerged as a reality. This paper shows the sharing of design processes, Appropriate tools, and technical information is enables more effective and rapid development of Appropriate technologies for both industrialized and nonindustrialized regions. This sharing will require the Appropriate Technology community to adopt open standards/licenses, document knowledge, and build on previous work. This paper offers solutions in the form of both business models and tools to overcome technical constraints of OSAT development in the forms of the platforms necessary on which to share and build knowledge about Appropriate technologies. These solutions are open, easily accessible for those in need, have a low barrier to entry for both users and information creators, and must be vetted in order to utilized as a trustworthy source on critical information needs. Current progress towards implementing these solutions will be reviewed and recommendations will be made to further increase the rate of OSAT development.
Yang Yun-hua – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
Utilization of Rural Health Appropriate Technology Services and Patients′ Satisfaction in TianjinChinese General Practice, 2011Co-Authors: Yang Yun-huaAbstract:
Objective To know the utilization condition of health Appropriate Technology services for rural residents and their satisfaction in Tianjin.Methods Totally 12 311 patients who received rural health Appropriate Technology services were randomly sampled.The utilization condition of the Appropriate Technology services by the residents and their satisfaction about the result,cost,security and convenience of the services were investigated.Results The total patients′ satisfaction on the health Appropriate Technology services was above 85%.The satisfaction on cost and security of laparoscopic cholecystectomy were lower relatively,while the satisfaction on traditional Chinese medicine was higher relatively.Conclusion The rural health Appropriate Technology services of Tianjin are inexpensive,effective,safe and accessible,which meets the demand of rural patients,and the rural residents in Tianjin are generally stisfied with the health Appropriate Technology services.
Evaluation on Promotion and Application of Appropriate Technology for Rural Health in TianjinChinese General Practice, 2011Co-Authors: Yang Yun-huaAbstract:
Objective To investigate the effects of 10 Appropriate technologies for rural health in Tianjin and evaluate its application and promotion.Methods General information of 12 311 patients who received the Appropriate technologies were collected and evaluated.The changes in the amount of patients received the technologies were collected from 503 doctors who applied the technologies.Results Most of the patients were less-educated,and more than 80% of the patients were farmers.With the application,the number of patients visiting medical institutions of different levels for treatment increased at least by 60%.The majority of the technologies made the improvement rate and efficiency of the patients increased.Conclusion The promotion of Appropriate Technology in rural health in Tianjin is economical,effective,and convenient,and thus it meets the demand of patients for basic health service.