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Hualin Xie – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Impact of land fragmentation on marginal productivity of Agricultural Labor and non-Agricultural Labor supply: A case study of Jiangsu, China
    Habitat International, 2019
    Co-Authors: Hualin Xie, Guangrong Yao

    Abstract:

    Abstract In the context of China’s rapid economic development, numerous rural Laborers go out to work driven by economic interests. How to release the surplus rural Labor effectively is critical for the further development of urbanization in China. Land fragmentation is a basic characteristic of Agricultural production in China. Land fragmentation also affects Labor use. In the current process of China’s rural reform and urbanization, large amounts of surplus rural Labor will continue to transfer to urban and non-Agricultural sectors in the near future, and the transfer mode will turn from individual migration to family migration. Marginal productivity of Agricultural Labor has an important influence on farmers’ Labor decisions. Using household survey data collected from Jiangsu province in China, this study analyzes the theoretical mechanism, and empirically tests the direction and degree of the impact of land fragmentation on marginal productivity of Agricultural Labor and non-Agricultural Labor supply. The results reveal that land fragmentation decreases marginal productivity of Agricultural Labor and increases non-Agricultural Labor supply. This effect is especially obvious for young Agricultural workers. Supplementing relevant policies and preferential measures, the government should guide farmers to realize joint land operation and transfer of farmland management rights on a voluntary basis. Further, it is necessary to increase the supply of mechanized services and facilitate the development of small-sized Agricultural machine that can be used on smaller landholdings.

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  • impact of Agricultural Labor transfer and structural adjustment on chemical application comparison of past developments in the ecological civilization pilot zones of china and their future implications
    Sustainability, 2018
    Co-Authors: Hualin Xie, Qianru Chen, Jinfa Jiang

    Abstract:

    Reducing the application of Agricultural chemicals is a key point in promoting the construction of an ecological civilization and the green development of the Agricultural sector. Based on statistical yearbook data from provinces which became the first national ecological civilization pilot zones in China, this paper quantitatively analyzes the impact of Labor transfers and structural adjustment of agriculture on the application of Agricultural chemicals by using comparative analysis and a panel data model. The results show that the amplitude of the Agricultural Labor force in Fujian, Guizhou, and Jiangxi decreases successively. The planting structure adjustment for grain crops is slowest in Jiangxi, while the sown area of cash crops, such as vegetables, increases at the fastest rate in Guizhou. The increase of horticultural plants, such as orchards is the most obvious in Jiangxi. The application of Agricultural chemicals grows quickly. The influence of the Agricultural Labor force scale on the application of fertilizers and pesticides is statistically significantly negative. The ratio of the sown area of non-grain crops to the total sown area has a positive effect on the application of fertilizers and pesticides. In the context of the continuing Agricultural Labor transfer in China, combining the structural adjustment of agriculture and the supply of high-quality Agricultural products, the government should actively guide and support new Agricultural business entities in applying organic manure. Additionally, it should accelerate the development of smaller Agricultural machinery that can be used for smaller land areas and by elderly people to reduce the application of chemical fertilizer and pesticide.

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  • impact of land fragmentation and non Agricultural Labor supply on circulation of Agricultural land management rights
    Land Use Policy, 2017
    Co-Authors: Hualin Xie

    Abstract:

    This study quantitatively examines the effects of land fragmentation and non-Agricultural Labor supply on the circulation of Agricultural land management rights. The examination is conducted from the perspective of Labor heterogeneity and family joint decision-making, using the rural fixed observation point data from the Ministry of Agriculture of the People’s Republic of China. The results reveal that land fragmentation significantly affects circulation decisions of Agricultural land circulation. Land fragmentation strengthens the effect of non-Agricultural Labor supply on Agricultural land outflow, and this effect is more pronounced among females. Compared with males, the female non-Agricultural Labor supply has a greater effect on Agricultural land circulation. When non-Agricultural Labor supply increases, the effect of the female non-Agricultural Labor supply on Agricultural land circulation becomes significant, land outflows increase, and land inflows decrease. In the areas of eastern, central, and northeastern China, the female non-Agricultural Labor supply has a significant impact on Agricultural land outflow. Furthermore, the number of land plots strengthens the effect of the non-Agricultural Labor supply on the outflows of Agricultural land in eastern and northeastern China; this effect is more pronounced for females in northeastern China. The government and related departments should strengthen non-Agricultural employment training, and design conditions and policies to promote the orderly transfer of household Labor, thus achieving intense Agricultural development in the process of human urbanization.

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Eugenia Serova – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Agricultural Labor in russia efficiency and profitability
    Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 2005
    Co-Authors: William M. Liefert, Zvi Lerman, Bruce L. Gardner, Eugenia Serova

    Abstract:

    During Russia’s transition from a planned to a market economy, its Agricultural Labor force has declined by about a fifth. At the same time, the number of employed in Russia’s corporate farms-the successors of collective and state farms from the Soviet era-has fallen by 60%. This paper examines the allocative efficiency of Russia’s use of Labor in large-scale corporate agriculture, and analyzes whether the decline in Labor use has been economically rational.

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  • Agricultural Labor in Russia: Efficiency and Profitability *
    Review of Agricultural Economics, 2005
    Co-Authors: William M. Liefert, Zvi Lerman, Bruce L. Gardner, Eugenia Serova

    Abstract:

    During Russia’s transition from a planned to a market economy, its Agricultural Labor force has declined by about a fifth. At the same time, the number of employed in Russia’s corporate farms-the successors of collective and state farms from the Soviet era-has fallen by 60%. This paper examines the allocative efficiency of Russia’s use of Labor in large-scale corporate agriculture, and analyzes whether the decline in Labor use has been economically rational.

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Yasuhiro Nakashima – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.

  • Recalculating the Agricultural Labor force in China
    China Economic Journal, 2018
    Co-Authors: Qi Dong, Tomoaki Murakami, Yasuhiro Nakashima

    Abstract:

    ABSTRACTIn this study, we use a hypothetical method to recalculate the Agricultural Labor force based on statistical data on the Labor force in China. We confirm the revised Agricultural Labor forc…

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  • The Recalculation of the Agricultural Labor Forces in China
    SSRN Electronic Journal, 2015
    Co-Authors: Qi Dong, Tomoaki Murakami, Yasuhiro Nakashima

    Abstract:

    In this paper, we discuss the problems about the statistical data of sectoral Labor forces in China and recalculate the Agricultural Labor forces with a robust method. The core issue is to take the rural migrant workers into consideration and to exclude the size of rural migrant workers who come from the rural Agricultural sector from the number of Agricultural Labor forces, which is published by the official statistics. Then we estimate the Agricultural production function with the recalculated Agricultural Labor forces to test the credibility of our recalculated data. At last, we estimate the size of net Labor transfer from the Agricultural sector into the non-Agricultural sector. All the tests show there is quite a high possibility that the official data overstates the actual size of Agricultural Labor forces in China and our recalculated data can explain the reality better.

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