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Body Burden

The Experts below are selected from a list of 279 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform

Michael R Moore – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • influence of Body iron store status and cigarette smoking on cadmium Body Burden of healthy thai women and men
    Toxicology Letters, 2004
    Co-Authors: Soisungwan Satarug, Michael R Moore, Pailin Ujjin, Yuvaree Vanavanitkun, Jason R Baker

    Abstract:

    The influence of cigarette smoking, Body iron store status and gender on cadmium (Cd) Body Burden was examined in a group of 197 healthy Thais with overall mean age of 30.5 year (19-47 year). The lowest, geometric mean, and the highest urinary Cd excretion rate was 0.04, 0.46 and 3.84 mug/g creatinine, respectively. The prevalence of low iron stores (serum ferritin <20 mug/l) was 16% and 2% in women and men, respectively. All women (n = 99) were non-smokers, but they had the same Cd Body Burden as did men (n = 47) who on average smoked 8.7 cigarettes per day for 9 years. These women and men had 1.9-fold greater Body Cd Burden than did non-smoking men (t = 4, P < 0.001). In addition, the women Cd Body Burden was found to be inversely correlated with serum ferritin (r = -0.39, P < 0.001) and those with low iron stores showed a 3.4-fold greater Cd Body Burden than did women whose serum ferritin being between 10 1 and 200 mug/l (F = 6.2, P = 0.003, one-way ANOVA). In contrast. men’s Cd Body Burden did not show a significant correlation with serum ferritin, but it did show a positive correlation with cumulative cigarette smoking index (r = 0.29, P = 0.02). Thus, iron status and cigarette smoking were found to be determinants of Cd Body Burden in young adult Thai women and men. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • Influence of Body iron store status and cigarette smoking on cadmium Body Burden of healthy Thai women and men.
    Toxicology Letters, 2004
    Co-Authors: Soisungwan Satarug, Pailin Ujjin, Yuvaree Vanavanitkun, Jason R Baker, Michael R Moore

    Abstract:

    The influence of cigarette smoking, Body iron store status and gender on cadmium (Cd) Body Burden was examined in a group of 197 healthy Thais with overall mean age of 30.5 year (19-47 year). The lowest, geometric mean, and the highest urinary Cd excretion rate was 0.04, 0.46 and 3.84 mug/g creatinine, respectively. The prevalence of low iron stores (serum ferritin

Soisungwan Satarug – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • The influence of iron stores on cadmium Body Burden in a Thai population
    Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 2009
    Co-Authors: Roongnapa Apinan, Soisungwan Satarug, Ronnatrai Ruengweerayut, Wiratchanee Mahavorasirikul, Kesara Na-bangchang

    Abstract:

    Cadmium is a toxin of increasing public health concern due to its presence in most human foodstuffs and in cigarette smoke. Exposure to cadmium leads to tissue bioaccumulation and, in particular, has nephrotoxic effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between cadmium Body Burden and iron stores in a Thai population. A total of 182 healthy adult Thai subjects of both genders (89 males, 93 females) aged between 18 and 57 years and weighing 40–95 kg were included in this study. The total amounts of cadmium excreted in urine over 2 h (μg/g creatinine) were used as an index of long-term cadmium exposure. Quantitation of cadmium was performed using electrothermal (graphite furnace) atomic absorption spectrometry. The urinary cadmium excreted displayed a normal frequency distribution. The average urinary cadmium level did not exceed the WHO maximum tolerable internal dose for the non-exposed population (2 μg/g creatinine). Body iron stores reflected by serum ferritin levels did not show any correlation with cadmium Burden in both males and females, although a relatively stronger influence of Body iron store status on cadmium Burden was shown in females. When the levels of serum ferritin were stratified into five levels ( 300 μg/l), a significant difference in total cadmium Body Burden was observed between females and males only in the group with a low level of serum ferritin of

  • influence of Body iron store status and cigarette smoking on cadmium Body Burden of healthy thai women and men
    Toxicology Letters, 2004
    Co-Authors: Soisungwan Satarug, Michael R Moore, Pailin Ujjin, Yuvaree Vanavanitkun, Jason R Baker

    Abstract:

    The influence of cigarette smoking, Body iron store status and gender on cadmium (Cd) Body Burden was examined in a group of 197 healthy Thais with overall mean age of 30.5 year (19-47 year). The lowest, geometric mean, and the highest urinary Cd excretion rate was 0.04, 0.46 and 3.84 mug/g creatinine, respectively. The prevalence of low iron stores (serum ferritin <20 mug/l) was 16% and 2% in women and men, respectively. All women (n = 99) were non-smokers, but they had the same Cd Body Burden as did men (n = 47) who on average smoked 8.7 cigarettes per day for 9 years. These women and men had 1.9-fold greater Body Cd Burden than did non-smoking men (t = 4, P < 0.001). In addition, the women Cd Body Burden was found to be inversely correlated with serum ferritin (r = -0.39, P < 0.001) and those with low iron stores showed a 3.4-fold greater Cd Body Burden than did women whose serum ferritin being between 10 1 and 200 mug/l (F = 6.2, P = 0.003, one-way ANOVA). In contrast. men’s Cd Body Burden did not show a significant correlation with serum ferritin, but it did show a positive correlation with cumulative cigarette smoking index (r = 0.29, P = 0.02). Thus, iron status and cigarette smoking were found to be determinants of Cd Body Burden in young adult Thai women and men. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • Influence of Body iron store status and cigarette smoking on cadmium Body Burden of healthy Thai women and men.
    Toxicology Letters, 2004
    Co-Authors: Soisungwan Satarug, Pailin Ujjin, Yuvaree Vanavanitkun, Jason R Baker, Michael R Moore

    Abstract:

    The influence of cigarette smoking, Body iron store status and gender on cadmium (Cd) Body Burden was examined in a group of 197 healthy Thais with overall mean age of 30.5 year (19-47 year). The lowest, geometric mean, and the highest urinary Cd excretion rate was 0.04, 0.46 and 3.84 mug/g creatinine, respectively. The prevalence of low iron stores (serum ferritin

Nader Bahramifar – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Evaluation of the suitability of application of golden jackal (Canis aureus) hair as a noninvasive technique for determination of Body Burden mercury
    Ecotoxicology, 2010
    Co-Authors: Hassan Malvandi, Seyed Mahmoud Ghasempouri, Abbas Esmaili-sari, Nader Bahramifar

    Abstract:

    An evaluation of suitability of applying hair as a noninvasive indicator for determination of the Body Burden mercury in mammals was carried out by determining the concentration of mercury in hair and liver tissue of the golden jackal, Canis aureus . Nineteen jackals killed on the roads along the Caspian Sea in the central region of Mazandaran Province, Iran were collected. The mercury measurements were carried out by AMA254 LECO and the standard method ASTM-D6722. SPSS and Excel were used for analytical statistics. There was a significant difference in Hg levels between the hair and liver tissue ( P  

  • evaluation of the suitability of application of golden jackal canis aureus hair as a noninvasive technique for determination of Body Burden mercury
    Ecotoxicology, 2010
    Co-Authors: Hassan Malvandi, Nader Bahramifar, Seyed Mahmoud Ghasempouri, Abbas Esmailisari

    Abstract:

    An evaluation of suitability of applying hair as a noninvasive indicator for determination of the Body Burden mercury in mammals was carried out by determining the concentration of mercury in hair and liver tissue of the golden jackal, Canis aureus. Nineteen jackals killed on the roads along the Caspian Sea in the central region of Mazandaran Province, Iran were collected. The mercury measurements were carried out by AMA254 LECO and the standard method ASTM-D6722. SPSS and Excel were used for analytical statistics. There was a significant difference in Hg levels between the hair and liver tissue (P < 0.001). The average concentration of mercury was 187.3 ± 22.7 and 53.3 ± 7.3 ng/g, respectively. No significant differences were seen either between the sexes or in correlation between the tissues. But a significant and positive relation was seen between the mercury content in hair and Body weight and length (P < 0.005). In general, the mercury concentration was less than the deleterious, effective limit on the species. It seems that this is the first study of Hg concentrations in jackals and demonstrates on easy and noninvasive sampling method.