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Morgan Gibson – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
the Anarchism of the occupy movementAustralian Journal of Political Science, 2013Co-Authors: Morgan GibsonAbstract:
Occupy has been criticised for a lack of organisation and ideological direction, its persistent failure to articulate practical reforms and its Anarchism. Occupy’s extensive influence calls for scholarly analysis of its underlying ideas and its praxis. This article develops a conceptual understanding of the movement and argues that the criticisms above overlook both how the movement’s participants rationalise its praxis and the consistently anarchist forms of this praxis. The article draws on recent scholarship that distinguishes between ideological Anarchism and anarchical forms of praxis inspired by anarchist principles. It argues that Occupy’s praxis is anarchical. Though not ideologically anarchist, Occupy expresses a commitment to anarchist ideals. The article develops a particular conception of Anarchism and in this context, discusses Occupy’s anti-capitalist position, reflected in its catchcry ‘we are the 99 per cent’. It concludes by explicating the anarchical elements of Occupy’s praxis.占领运动被批评缺少…
WikiLeaks, Anarchism and Technologies of DissentAntipode, 2012Co-Authors: Giorel Curran, Morgan GibsonAbstract:
WikiLeaks is a controversial organisation that attracts polarised responses. This is not unexpected given its key objective of exposing the secrets and social control ambitions of the powerful. While its supporters laud its pursuit of an informational commons, its detractors condemn its antisocial character, its megalomania-and its Anarchism. It is the latter that particularly interests us here. This paper treats the “charge” of Anarchism seriously, however, giving it the analytical attention it warrants. It does this by first identifying those characteristics of the organisation that would render it anarchist, and then to conceptualise what this Anarchism means. It highlights two important elements of the WikiLeaks story: the anarchical character of the technologies it utilises to foment its dissent; and the anarchical ethos of the organisation’s radical politics. We conclude by also considering the tensions and contradictions in WikiLeaks that temper both its Anarchism and its social change objectives. © 2012 The Author. Antipode.
Ruth Kinna – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
Anarchist social and political theory, 2021Co-Authors: Ruth KinnaAbstract:
This chapter uses the critique of the state as an entry point into anarchist theory. Distinguishing Anarchism from philosophic Anarchism, it examines nineteenth-century social and political thought to identify its hallmarks. It argues that Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Social Contract served as a lightening-rod for a critique of domination and that anarchists presented models social evolution to produce a general analysis of the state as a monopolising, centralising and colonising force. The following sections use this analysis to survey post-war Anarchism, showing how anarchists have extended, revised and adapted it
Kropotkin and communist Anarchism, 2020Co-Authors: Ruth KinnaAbstract:
As one of leading advocates for anarchist communism in the 1870s, Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921) spent much of his activist career explaining what its implementation involved. Treating communism as a principle of equality directed against subjection, he argued that it had an economic and a political aspect and that the inter-relationship of these two dimensions would reveal the distinctiveness of anarchist revolutionary politics. He also connected communism to Anarchism by grounding it in a deep-rooted socialist ethic. The composite, ‘anarchist communism’ emerged as Kropotkin’s answer to capitalist exploitation on the one hand and to the threat of state socialism on the other
Heretical constructions of anarchist utopianism, 2020Co-Authors: Ruth KinnaAbstract:
This paper examines a relationship between heresy and utopianism forged in nineteenth- and
early twentieth-century socialist histories to reveal a significant and pervasive fault-line in the
ideological construction of Anarchism. I look at Marxist narratives which trace the lineages of
socialism to medieval religious dissent and show how the sympathetic assessment of
European heretical movements was moulded by a critique of utopianism, understood as the
rejection of materialist ‘science’. I argue that strands of this narrative have been woven into
Anarchism by looking at three accounts: E.V. Zenker’s Anarchism (1897), James Joll’s The
Anarchists (1964/1979) and Saul Newman’s From Bakunin to Lacan (2001). Their dominant
theme is that Anarchism promises the transformation of corrupted nature, typically achieved
though ecstatic violence, cataclysmic revolution and future perfection. I describe this
Millenarian Anarchism as a ‘straw man’ but rather than jettison ‘heresy’ as an investigative
tool, I refer to a conception of heresy as choosing to present an alternative account. Using
Martin Buber’s analysis of utopianism in Paths in Utopia (1949) and Michael Bakunin’s
critique of political theology, I pair utopianism with the rejection of perfection and heresy
with faith. This reframing of heresy corrects a deep-rooted, long-standing distortion of
Ole Birk Laursen – One of the best experts on this subject based on the ideXlab platform.
Anti-ImperialismThe Palgrave Handbook of Anarchism, 2019Co-Authors: Ole Birk LaursenAbstract:
Focusing on the period from 1870 to 1960, this chapter provides an overview of anarchist approaches to anti-imperialism, offering examples of collaborations, solidarities, antagonisms and syntheses between anarchists and anti-colonialists from across the British, Spanish, French and Portuguese colonial worlds and within the imperial metropoles in Europe. Alongside anti-colonial resistances to these processes, anarchists were central to the development of an anti-imperial political modernity within the European left as well as across the colonial worlds. In fact, as this chapter illustrates, Anarchism was inherently anti-imperial in its demands for individual freedom and insistence on dismantling the power structures that governed European colonial policies. Exploring core principles of anarchist anti-imperialism with a vision of postcolonial societies, the chapter discusses issues of nationalism and the nation-state, anti-statism and political organisation, exile and diaspora, anti-capitalism and boycott. In doing so, it pays particular attention to theory and praxis, ideological sympathies and revolutionary methods, including terrorism, insurrection and sabotage. Within these discussions, the chapter highlights antagonisms and incompatibilities among and between anarchists and anti-colonialists, allowing for an assessment of the limitations of Anarchism within the anti-colonial context.
an uncompromising rebel m p t acharya and indian AnarchismKairos: A Journal of Critical Symposium, 2018Co-Authors: Ole Birk LaursenAbstract:
Reflecting on the Indian anarchist M. P. T. Acharya’s trajectory from revolutionary anti-colonial nationalist to international anarchist pacifist in the first half of the twentieth century, the four essays presented here – transcribed and edited by the author – introduce this unique figure to a wider audience. It charts his life in exile among prominent Indian freedom fighters such as Shyamaji Krishnavarma, Madame Bhikaiji Cama, V. V. S. Aiyar, and Virendranath Chattopadhyaya, and his role in the formation of the exiled Communist Party of India (CPI) in Tashkent in October 1920, to his collaboration with well-known anarchist such as Alexander Berkman, Augustin Souchy, Rudolf Rocker, Thomas Keell, and E. Armand. From the early 1920s, Acharya articulated his own perspectives on Anarchism from an Indian point of view, often denouncing Bolshevism and the Comintern, commenting on the Indian independence struggle, particularly the INC and Gandhi, as well as developing an economic critique of State capitalism. He fiercely attacked former comrades such as M. N. Roy and Shapurji Saklatvala, warning against the dangers of Bolshevism in India, and agitated instead for trade unions of a revolutionary syndicalist character in India. Acharya’s essays in this ‘Critical Edition’ focus on issues of colonialism, capitalism, decentralization, communism, poverty, and unemployment in the immediate post-independence years, opening a window onto the global reach of Anarchism during that era.