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Body Composition

The Experts below are selected from a list of 327 Experts worldwide ranked by ideXlab platform

Kenneth J Ellis – 1st expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • human Body Composition in vivo methods
    Physical Review, 2000
    Co-Authors: Kenneth J Ellis

    Abstract:

    In vivo methods used to study human Body Composition continue to be developed, along with more advanced reference models that utilize the information obtained with these technologies. Some methods …

  • Human Body Composition: In Vivo Methods
    Physiological Reviews, 2000
    Co-Authors: Kenneth J Ellis

    Abstract:

    In vivo methods used to study human Body Composition continue to be developed, along with more advanced reference models that utilize the information obtained with these technologies. Some methods are well established, with a strong physiological basis for their measurement, whereas others are much more indirect. This review has been structured from the methodological point of view to help the reader understand what can be examined with each technique. The associations between the various in vivo methods (densitometry, dilution, bioelectrical impedance and conductance, whole Body counting, neutron activation, X-ray absorptiometry, computer tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging) and the five-level multicompartment model of Body Composition are described, along with the limitations and advantages of each method. This review also provides an overview of the present status of this field of research in human biology, including examples of reference Body Composition data for infants, children, adolescents, and adults.

Timothy G Lohman – 2nd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • assessing Body Composition and changes in Body Composition another look at dual energy x ray absorptiometry
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2006
    Co-Authors: Timothy G Lohman, Margaret Harris, Pedro J. Teixeira, Lauren Weiss

    Abstract:

    : Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is selected with increasing frequency as a method for both assessing Body Composition and measuring the changes in Body Composition. Issues have been raised about hydration, software version, hardware (fan beam vs. pencil beam), and the subject population in relation to the validity of DXA-derived estimates of Body Composition. This paper reviews validation studies of DXA to assess the impact of recent developments in its technology. Studies by Prior et al., 1 Kohrt et al., 2 Salamone et al., 3 Going et al., 4 and Pietrobelli et al.5 demonstrate the effectiveness of DXA estimates of changes in Body Composition. By contrast, Clasey et al., 6 Nelson et al., 7 and Friedl et al.8 found limitations in DXA estimates of Body Composition and its changes. These contradictory conclusions were explored for threats to internal validity in each research study. From this analysis, two validation guidelines are recommended for use when evaluating estimates of Body Composition. When multicomponent models are used, it is essential that estimates of Body water as a fraction of fat-free mass fall in the expected range (71 to 75%) and have a relatively small standard deviation (2 to 3%). For measuring changes in Body Composition, DXA estimates of total Body mass must accurately reflect both baseline and posttreatment scale Body weight estimates. Failure to meet these guidelines threatens the internal validity of the study and raises the likelihood of methodological discrepancies. Applying these criteria to DXA studies of Body Composition under review accounts for much of the contradictory conclusions among investigations.

  • human Body Composition
    , 1996
    Co-Authors: Alex F Roche, Steven B Heymsfield, Timothy G Lohman

    Abstract:

    Part 1 Measurement and prediction methods: densitometry, S.B. Going hydrometry, D.A. Schoeller whole Body counting and neutron activation analysis, K.J. Ellis dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, T.G. Lohman electrical impedance and total Body electrical conductivity, R.N. Baumgartner estimation of muscle mass, H.C. Lukaski multicomponent molecular-level models of Body Composition analysis , S.B. Heymsfield, Zi-Mian Wang, R.T. Withers imaging techniques applied to the measurement of human Body Composition, J-P. Despres, R. Ross, S. Lemieux anthropometry and ultrasound, A.F. Roche statistical methods for the development and testing of predictive equations, S.S. Guo, W.C. Chumlea. Part 2 Findings: total Body Composition – birth to old age, M. D. Van Loan regional Body Composition – age, sex and ethnic variation, R.M. Malina Body Composition in athletes, W.E. Sinning Body Composition in weight loss and pathological states, K.N. Jeejeebhoy. Part 3 Influencing factors and relationships to disease: exercise training and Body Composition changes, D.L. Ballor genetic influences on human Body Composition and physique, C. Bouchard hormonal influences on human Body Composition, P. Bjoerntorp, S. Eden relationships of total and regional Body Composition to morbidity and mortality, J.C. Seidell.

  • Exercise training and Body Composition in childhood.
    Journal canadien des sciences du sport, 1992
    Co-Authors: Timothy G Lohman

    Abstract:

    : The influence of exercise training on Body Composition changes in children is examined in terms of muscle, bone, and fat development. Because of the inexact Body Composition methodologies in general use and an over-reliance on the two-components system–fat and fat-free Body–the extent of changes especially for muscle and bone with exercise training has not been well quantified. With the recent development of new methodologies these limitations may be overcome. The relationship of Body Composition to health related fitness is also explored with an emphasis on establishing fitness standards for Body fatness and the need for research on the etiology of lower back pain and osteoporosis.

Wang Zi-mian – 3rd expert on this subject based on the ideXlab platform

  • Research Progress of the Effects of Exercise on Human Body Composition-Summary of the 9~(th) International Human Body Composition Science Symposium
    Sport Science Research, 2012
    Co-Authors: Wang Zi-mian

    Abstract:

    The paper expounds the study on the effects of exercise on human Body Composition,which was revealed at the 9th International Human Body Composition Science Symposium.It introduces the newest research results in this field at home and abroad.According to different subjects,the study on the effects of exercise on Body Composition can be divided into three aspects,i.e.,effects of exercise on the ordinary people,Body Composition of athletes and effects of exercise on people with illness.The research contents are summed up in the article.Compared to that in other countries,the researches in China take lead in quantity(22 articles from China and 11 from other countries),but the quality is relatively lower.The Chinese researchers like to use the method of bioelectrical impedance to discuss the effects of a single element on Body Composition and seldom take into account the effects of diet and energy balance on Body Composition.In the study on the effects of daily physical exercise amount on Body Composition,accelerometer is often used to quantize daily physical exercise amount.Yet the result obtained differs to some extent from the real daily physical exercise amount.We expect new technology and method in this regard so as to facilitate the study on the dose-effect relationship between daily exercise amount and Body Composition.

  • Review and Perspective of the Researches on Human Body Composition Science
    Sport Science Research, 2011
    Co-Authors: Wang Zi-mian

    Abstract:

    Human Body Composition science is one of the branches of human biology.It mainly focuses on the masses of various Body components and their distribution,the quantitative relations among Body components,the in vivo quantification of Body components and the quantitative changes in these components related to various intrinsic and extrinsic factors.Human Body Composition study not only has an important biological meaning,but also has a close relationship with improvement of human health and the treatment of disease.Ever since the 21st century,the study of human Body Composition has been developing quickly in China.In average,58 research articles are published each year,accounting for 3.9% of all the articles in this field published in the world.The study of human Body Composition in China focuses on the three aspects of the Body Composition characteristics of Chinese population,relations between exercise and Body Composition,disease and Body Composition.In future,the human Body Composition study on both sides of the straits should develop multi-directionally,especially more studies on Body components such as skeletal muscle and visceral adipose tissue and the Body Composition characteristics of Asian population.The 9th International Symposium on In Vivo Body Composition Studies was held in Hangzhou,China and this will surely promote the development of the study on human Body Composition in China on both the sides of the Straits.